Vertebrates
Subphylum Vertebrata Cuvier, 1812

et: selgroogsed;

Taxon ID: 270 / 2013-05-22
Belongs to: Chordata
Contains: Agnatha | Gnathostomata
Stratigraphic range: Cambrian Recent | ~ 542,0–0,0 Ma
Baltoscandian species (in database): 333

List of Baltoscandian species (may not be complete, up to 1000 species displayed)

  1. Acanthodes latgalica | Rezekne Stage
  2. Actinolepis magna | Burtnieki Stage
  3. Actinolepis spinosa | Kemeri Stage
  4. Actinolepis tuberculata | Pärnu Stage → Aruküla Stage
  5. Aestiaspis viitaensis | Rootsiküla Stage → Paadla Stage
  6. Afanassiaspis porata | Pärnu Stage
  7. Amaltheolepis baltica | Emsian
  8. Andreolepis hedei | Ludlow
  9. Apalolepis brotzeni | Lochkovian
  10. Apalolepis obruchevi | Lochkovian
  11. Archaeacanthus quadrisulcatus | Narva Stage → Gauja Stage
  12. Archegonaspis schmidti | Ludlow → Přidoli
  13. Arenaceacanthus arcuatacanalis | Paadla Stage → Kaugatuma Stage
  14. Asterolepis dellei | Burtnieki Stage
  15. Asterolepis essica | Burtnieki Stage
  16. Asterolepis estonica | Narva Stage → Aruküla Stage
  17. Asterolepis ornata | Gauja Stage
  18. Asterolepis radiata | Amata Stage → Plavinas Stage
  19. Asterolepis syasiensis | Dubniki Stage
  20. Ateleaspis tessellata | Wenlock → Ludlow
  21. Balticaspis latvica | Eifelian
  22. Birkenia robusta | Rootsiküla Stage
  23. Boreania minima | Přidoli → Lochkovian
  24. Bothriolepis cellulosa | Amata Stage → Plavinas Stage
  25. Bothriolepis ciecere | Famennian
  26. Bothriolepis evaldi | Frasnian
  27. Bothriolepis heckeri | Famennian
  28. Bothriolepis jani | Famennian
  29. Bothriolepis leptocheira | Famennian
  30. Bothriolepis leptocheira curonica | Frasnian → Famennian
  31. Bothriolepis maxima | Frasnian
  32. Bothriolepis obrutschewi | Amata Stage
  33. Bothriolepis ornata | Famennian
  34. Bothriolepis panderi | Snetnaya Gora Substage
  35. Bothriolepis pavariensis | Upper Devonian
  36. Bothriolepis prima | Amata Stage
  37. Bothriolepis traudscholdi | Dubniki Stage → Daugava Stage
  38. Bracteatacanthus assiduus | Přidoli
  39. Byssacanthus dilatatus | Pärnu Stage → Aruküla Stage
  40. Canadalepis linguiformis | Tilze Stage
  41. Castor fiber |
  42. Cheiracanthoides comptus | Narva Stage
  43. Cheiracanthoides estonicus | Narva Stage
  44. Cheiracanthoides mosolovicus | Eifelian
  45. Cheiracanthoides nativus | Lochkovian
  46. Cheiracanthoides planus | Ohesaare Stage → Tilze Stage
  47. Cheiracanthoides proprius | Narva Stage
  48. Cheiracanthus brevicostatus | Pärnu Stage → Burtnieki Stage
  49. Cheiracanthus crassus | Narva Stage
  50. Cheiracanthus gibbosus | Rezekne Stage → Pärnu Stage
  51. Cheiracanthus intricatus | Narva Stage → Burtnieki Stage
  52. Cheiracanthus longicostatus | Emsian → Frasnian
  53. Cheiracanthus talimae | Narva Stage
  54. Cheirolepis gaugeri | Burtnieki Stage
  55. Cheirolepis gracilis | Pärnu Stage → Narva Stage
  56. Coccosteus cuspidatus | Narva Stage
  57. Coccosteus grossi | Narva Stage → Aruküla Stage
  58. Coccosteus markae | Burtnieki Stage
  59. Coccosteus orvikui | Narva Stage
  60. Conchodus jerofejewi | Upper Devonian
  61. Corvaspis karatajuteae | Lochkovian
  62. Cryptolepis grossi | Upper Devonian
  63. Ctenurella pskovensis | Snetnaya Gora Substage
  64. Dartmuthia gemmifera | Paadla Stage
  65. Dartmuthia procera | Paadla Stage → Kuressaare Stage
  66. Devononchus concinnus | Abava Substage → Amata Stage
  67. Devononchus ketleriensis | Famennian
  68. Devononchus laevis | Frasnian
  69. Devononchus tenuispinus | Famennian
  70. Diadsomaspis elongata |
  71. Diplacanthus carinatus | Narva Stage → Burtnieki Stage
  72. Diplacanthus crassisimus |
  73. Diplacanthus gravis | Aruküla Stage → Burtnieki Stage
  74. Diplacanthus kleesmentae | Rezekne Stage → Pärnu Stage
  75. Diplacanthus poltnigi |
  76. Diplacanthus solidus | Middle Devonian
  77. Diplacanthus tenuistriatus | Narva Stage → Burtnieki Stage
  78. Dipterus radiatus | Narva Stage
  79. Dipterus serratus | Narva Stage
  80. Drepanaspis gemuendenensis | Lower Devonian
  81. Eastmanosteus egloni | Dubniki Stage
  82. Eastmanosteus pustulosus | Burtnieki Stage
  83. Ectopacanthus cristiformis | Narva Stage
  84. Ectopacanthus flabellatus | Kemeri Stage → Pärnu Stage
  85. Ectopacanthus pusillus | Lochkovian
  86. Eldaaspis miklii | Rootsiküla Stage
  87. Endemolepis inconstans | Ohesaare Stage → Tilze Stage
  88. Eusthenopteron foordi | Plavinas Stage
  89. Eusthenopteron kurshi | Frasnian
  90. Eusthenopteron obruchevi | Amata Stage
  91. Eusthenopteron saeve-soederberghi | Plavinas Stage
  92. Fecundosquama basiglobosa | Kaugatuma Stage → Ohesaare Stage
  93. Ganosteus artus | Aruküla Stage
  94. Ganosteus stellatus | Burtnieki Stage → Gauja Stage
  95. Glyptolepis baltica | Gauja Stage → Amata Stage
  96. Glyptolepis dellei |
  97. Glyptolepis paucidens | Burtnieki Stage
  98. Glyptolepis? nessovi | Aruküla Stage
  99. Glyptopomus bystrowi | Famennian
  100. Gomphonchus boekschoteni | Ohesaare Stage
  101. Gomphonchus hoppei | Ohesaare Stage → Tilze Stage
  102. Gomphonchus mediocostatus | Ohesaare Stage → Tilze Stage
  103. Gomphonchus minutus | Přidoli
  104. Gomphonchus sandelensis | Paadla Stage → Kemeri Stage
  105. Gomphonchus tauragensis | Kemeri Stage
  106. Goniporus alatus | Přidoli → Lochkovian
  107. Griphognathus minutidens | Frasnian
  108. Grossilepis spinosa | Frasnian
  109. Grossilepis tuberculata | Plavinas Stage
  110. Grossipterus crassus | Burtnieki Stage → Gauja Stage
  111. Gyroplacosteus panderi | Dubniki Stage
  112. Gyroptychius elgae | Burtnieki Stage
  113. Gyroptychius grossi | Narva Stage
  114. Gyroptychius latvicus | Pärnu Stage
  115. Gyroptychius milleri | Aruküla Stage
  116. Gyroptychius pauli | Aruküla Stage
  117. Hamodus lutkevitshi | Burtnieki Stage
  118. Haplacanthus ehrmanensis | Gauja Stage
  119. Haplacanthus ludziensis | Rezekne Stage
  120. Haplacanthus marginalis | Narva Stage → Gauja Stage
  121. Haplacanthus perseensis | Plavinas Stage
  122. Heterostius convexus | Aruküla Stage
  123. Heterostius eurynotus | Aruküla Stage
  124. Heterostius gracilior | Aruküla Stage
  125. Heterostius ingens | Aruküla Stage → Burtnieki Stage
  126. Heterostius kutorgae | Aruküla Stage
  127. Heterostius minor | Aruküla Stage
  128. Hoburgilepis papillata | Ludfordian
  129. Holonema obrutshevi | Aruküla Stage
  130. Holonema radiatum | Dubniki Stage → Daugava Stage
  131. Holoptychius nobilissimus | Upper Devonian
  132. Homacanthus gracilis | Narva Stage → Burtnieki Stage
  133. Homacanthus sveteensis | Famennian
  134. Homostius latus | Aruküla Stage → Burtnieki Stage
  135. Homostius sulcatus | Aruküla Stage → Burtnieki Stage
  136. Hybosteus mirabilis | Gauja Stage
  137. Jarvikina wenjukowi |
  138. Karelosteus weberi | Plavinas Stage
  139. Karksilepis parva | Burtnieki Stage
  140. Karksiodus mirus | Burtnieki Stage
  141. Katoporus grossi | Ohesaare Stage
  142. Laccognathus grossi | Gauja Stage
  143. Laccognathus panderi | Gauja Stage → Amata Stage
  144. Laliacanthus singularis | Rezekne Stage → Pärnu Stage
  145. Latviacanthus ventspilsensis | Kemeri Stage
  146. Latvius grewingki | Snetnaya Gora Substage
  147. Lietuvacanthus fossulatus | Lochkovian
  148. Liivilepis curvata | Ludlow → Přidoli
  149. Livoniana multidentata | Gauja Stage
  150. Livosteus grandis | Aruküla Stage → Gauja Stage
  151. Lodeacanthus gaujicus | Gauja Stage
  152. Loganellia cuneata | Kuressaare Stage → Tilze Stage
  153. Loganellia einari | Jaagarahu Stage
  154. Loganellia grossi | Jaagarahu Stage
  155. Longodus acicularis | Kuressaare Stage
  156. Lophosteus connexus | Přidoli
  157. Lophosteus ohesaarensis | Ohesaare Stage
  158. Lophosteus superbus | Přidoli
  159. Lugalepis multispinata | Kemeri Stage → Narva Stage
  160. Mammuthus primigenius | Quaternary
  161. Markacanthus alius | Aruküla Stage → Burtnieki Stage
  162. Markacanthus costulatus | Narva Stage → Burtnieki Stage
  163. Markacanthus parallelus | Rezekne Stage
  164. Meelaidaspis gennadii | Rootsiküla Stage
  165. Megadonichthys kurikae | Gauja Stage
  166. Megapomus heckeri | Famennian
  167. Megapomus punctatus | Upper Devonian
  168. Microbrachius dicki | Burtnieki Stage
  169. Miguashaia grossi | Gauja Stage
  170. Millerosteus minor | Aruküla Stage
  171. Minioracanthus laevis | Narva Stage → Aruküla Stage
  172. Monospina erecta | Kaugatuma Stage → Ohesaare Stage
  173. Moythomasia perforata | Plavinas Stage
  174. Nethertonodus laadjalaensis | Kuressaare Stage
  175. Nikolivia balabayi | Lochkovian
  176. Nikolivia gutta | Lochkovian
  177. Nikolivia oervigi |
  178. Nodocosta pauli | Aruküla Stage → Burtnieki Stage
  179. Nostolepis alifera | Ohesaare Stage
  180. Nostolepis alta | Ohesaare Stage → Tilze Stage
  181. Nostolepis amplifica | Paadla Stage → Tilze Stage
  182. Nostolepis arctica | Lochkovian
  183. Nostolepis consueta | Jaani Stage → Tilze Stage
  184. Nostolepis elegans | Ohesaare Stage → Tilze Stage
  185. Nostolepis gaujensis | Frasnian
  186. Nostolepis gracilis | Kaugatuma Stage → Rezekne Stage
  187. Nostolepis kernavensis | Narva Stage
  188. Nostolepis latvica | Kaugatuma Stage → Ohesaare Stage
  189. Nostolepis linleyensis | Kaugatuma Stage → Ohesaare Stage
  190. Nostolepis magnicostata | Ohesaare Stage
  191. Nostolepis minima | Tilze Stage
  192. Nostolepis musca | Kaugatuma Stage → Tilze Stage
  193. Nostolepis robusta | Tilze Stage
  194. Nostolepis striata | Paadla Stage → Tilze Stage
  195. Nostovicina athleta | Ohesaare Stage
  196. Nostovicina laticristata | Tilze Stage
  197. Obruchevia heckeri | Frasnian
  198. Obruchevichthys gracilis | Frasnian
  199. Oeselaspis pustulata | Rootsiküla Stage → Paadla Stage
  200. Oeselia mosaica | Rootsiküla Stage → Paadla Stage
  201. Ohesaareaspis ponticulata | Ohesaare Stage
  202. Onchus murchisoni | Ohesaare Stage
  203. Oniscolepis dentata | Přidoli → Lochkovian
  204. Orlovichthys limnatis | Famennian
  205. Orvikuina vardiaensis | Narva Stage → Aruküla Stage
  206. Osteolepis baltica | Aruküla Stage
  207. Osteolepis striata | Burtnieki Stage
  208. Panderichthys rhombolepis | Gauja Stage → Plavinas Stage
  209. Paraglyptolepis karksiensis | Burtnieki Stage
  210. Paralogania kaarmisensis | Paadla Stage
  211. Paralogania ludlowiensis | Kuressaare Stage
  212. Paralogania martinssoni | Rootsiküla Stage → Paadla Stage
  213. Paralogania perensae | Kuressaare Stage
  214. Parapanderichthys stolbovi | Upper Devonian
  215. Pharyngolepis oblonga | Wenlock → Ludlow
  216. Phlebolepis elegans | Gorstian → Ludfordian
  217. Phlebolepis ornata | Paadla Stage
  218. Phlyctaenius pusilla |
  219. Phyllolepis tolli | Famennian
  220. Platycephalichthys bischoffi | Frasnian
  221. Platycephalichthys rohoni | Upper Devonian
  222. Platycephalichthys skuenicus | Famennian
  223. Plourdosteus livonicus | Gauja Stage → Plavinas Stage
  224. Plourdosteus mironovi | Snetnaya Gora Substage
  225. Plourdosteus panderi | Burtnieki Stage → Gauja Stage
  226. Plourdosteus trautscholdi | Dubniki Stage → Daugava Stage
  227. Poracanthodes lehmani | Kuressaare Stage
  228. Poracanthodes marssae | Ohesaare Stage → Tilze Stage
  229. Poracanthodes menneri | upper Silurian
  230. Poracanthodes porosus | Kuressaare Stage → Tilze Stage
  231. Poracanthodes punctatus | Ohesaare Stage → Pragian
  232. Poracanthodes stonehousensis | Ohesaare Stage
  233. Poracanthodes subporosus | Paadla Stage → Tilze Stage
  234. Poracanthodes sulcatus | Ohesaare Stage
  235. Procephalaspis oeselensis | Paadla Stage
  236. Pruemolepis wellsi | Kaugatuma Stage → Narva Stage
  237. Psammolepis abavica | Burtnieki Stage
  238. Psammolepis aerata | Amata Stage
  239. Psammolepis alata | Gauja Stage
  240. Psammolepis heteraster | Gauja Stage
  241. Psammolepis paradoxa | Gauja Stage
  242. Psammolepis proia | Aruküla Stage
  243. Psammolepis toriensis | Pärnu Stage
  244. Psammolepis undulata | Gauja Stage → Amata Stage
  245. Psammolepis venyukovi | Gauja Stage
  246. Psammosteus asper | Plavinas Stage
  247. Psammosteus bergi | Burtnieki Stage
  248. Psammosteus cuneatus | Amata Stage
  249. Psammosteus falcatus | Frasnian
  250. Psammosteus levis | Amata Stage
  251. Psammosteus livonicus | Amata Stage
  252. Psammosteus maeandrinus | Amata Stage → Plavinas Stage
  253. Psammosteus megalopteryx | Plavinas Stage
  254. Psammosteus pectinatus | Frasnian
  255. Psammosteus praecursor | Amata Stage → Plavinas Stage
  256. Psammosteus ramosus | Amata Stage
  257. Psammosteus tchernovi | Frasnian
  258. Psammosteus tenuis | Frasnian
  259. Psammosteus waltergrossi | Frasnian
  260. Pterygolepis nitida | Wenlock → Ludlow
  261. Ptychodictyon ancestralis | Rezekne Stage → Pärnu Stage
  262. Ptychodictyon distinctum | Narva Stage
  263. Ptychodictyon rimosum | Narva Stage → Burtnieki Stage
  264. Ptychodictyon sulcatum | Narva Stage → Burtnieki Stage
  265. Pycnolepis splendens | Pärnu Stage → Narva Stage
  266. Pycnosteus palaeformis | Aruküla Stage
  267. Pycnosteus pauli | Aruküla Stage
  268. Pycnosteus tuberculatus | Burtnieki Stage
  269. Rhadinacanthus balticus | Narva Stage → Aruküla Stage
  270. Rhadinacanthus longispinus |
  271. Rhadinacanthus multisulcatus | Aruküla Stage → Burtnieki Stage
  272. Rhadinacanthus primaris | Rezekne Stage → Pärnu Stage
  273. Rhinodipterus secans | Gauja Stage
  274. Rhinodipterus stolbovi | Upper Devonian
  275. Rhyncholepis butriangula | Wenlock → Ludlow
  276. Rhyncholepis parvula | Wenlock
  277. Rohonilepis breviornatus | Paadla Stage → Ohesaare Stage
  278. Ruhnulepis longicostata | Přidoli
  279. Rytidolepis quenstedtii | Wenlock → Ludlow
  280. Saaremaaspis mickwitzi | Rootsiküla Stage
  281. Schidiosteus mustelensis | Wenlock → Ludlow
  282. Schizosteus asatkini | Narva Stage → Aruküla Stage
  283. Schizosteus heterolepis | Pärnu Stage
  284. Schizosteus striatus | Narva Stage
  285. Septentrionia mucronata | Ludlow
  286. Silmalepis erinacea | Paadla Stage
  287. Skalviaspis narbutasi | Lower Devonian
  288. Skamolepis fragilis | Rezekne Stage
  289. Strosipherus indentatus | Ohesaare Stage
  290. Strunius rolandi | Snetnaya Gora Substage
  291. Tahulalepis elongituberculata | Ludlow
  292. Tahulaspis ordinata | Kuressaare Stage
  293. Tahulaspis praevia | Paadla Stage
  294. Talivalia elongata | Lochkovian
  295. Tareyacanthus dissectus | Lochkovian → Pragian
  296. Tartuosteus giganteus | Aruküla Stage
  297. Tartuosteus luhai | Aruküla Stage
  298. Tartuosteus maximus | Aruküla Stage → Burtnieki Stage
  299. Tesseraspis talimaae | Lochkovian
  300. Thelodus admirabilis | Kuressaare Stage → Kaugatuma Stage
  301. Thelodus carinatus | Rootsiküla Stage → Paadla Stage
  302. Thelodus laevis | Rootsiküla Stage → Paadla Stage
  303. Thelodus parvidens | Ludlow → Přidoli
  304. Thelodus sculptilis | Kuressaare Stage → Kaugatuma Stage
  305. Thelodus traquairi | Kuressaare Stage → Ohesaare Stage
  306. Thelodus trilobatus | Kuressaare Stage → Ohesaare Stage
  307. Thursius estonicus | Aruküla Stage
  308. Thursius fisheri | Narva Stage → Aruküla Stage
  309. Thursius talsiensis | Pärnu Stage
  310. Thyestes verrucosus | Rootsiküla Stage
  311. Tolypelepis mielnikensis | Přidoli
  312. Tolypelepis undulata | Přidoli → Lochkovian
  313. Tremataspis mammillata | Paadla Formation → Paadla Stage
  314. Tremataspis milleri | Rootsiküla Stage → Paadla Stage
  315. Tremataspis perforata | Rootsiküla Stage
  316. Tremataspis rohoni | Paadla Stage
  317. Tremataspis schmidti | Rootsiküla Stage
  318. Trimerolepis lithuanica | Přidoli → Lochkovian
  319. Trimerolepis timanica | Přidoli → Lochkovian
  320. Trimerolepis tricava | Kuressaare Stage → Ohesaare Stage
  321. Trimpleylepis concatenata | Kuressaare Stage
  322. Trimpleylepis juncta | Přidoli
  323. Tropinema haermae | Burtnieki Stage
  324. Turinia pagei | Lochkovian → Pragian
  325. Turinia polita | Lochkovian → Pragian
  326. Tylodus deltoides | Ohesaare Stage
  327. Ventalepis ketleriensis | Famennian
  328. Ventastega curonica | Famennian
  329. Vesikulepis funiforma | Wenlock → Ludlow
  330. Vesperalia perplexa | Přidoli
  331. Walterilepis speciosa | Frasnian
  332. Webererpeton sondalensis | Frasnian
  333. Witaaspis schrenkii | Rootsiküla Stage → Paadla Stage

Selection of related publications

  • Glinskiy & Nilov, 2017. A new psammosted (Agnatha, Heterostraci) from the Amata Regional Stage of the Main Devonian Field and morpho-histological types of discrete micromeric elements in the family Psammosteidae [DOI]
  • Jerve et al., 2016. Three-dimensional paleohistology of the scale and median fin spine of Lophosteus superbus (Pander 1856) [DOI]
  • Glinskiy & Mark-Kurik, 2016. Revision of Psammosteus livonicus Obruchev (Agnatha, Heterostraci) from the Devonian Amata Regional Stage of the NW of the East European Platform [DOI]
  • Burrow et al., 2016. The diplacanthid fishes (Acanthodii, Diplacanthiformes, Diplacanthidae) from the Middle Devonian of Scotland.
  • Newman et al., 2015. Scottish Middle Devonian fishes in Estonia [DOI]
  • Keating et al., 2015. Histology of the Heterostracan Dermal Skeleton: Insight Into the Origin of the Vertebrate Mineralised Skeleton [DOI]
  • Dec, 2015. A new Tolypelepidid (Agnatha, Heterostraci) from the Late Silurian of Poland [DOI]
  • Tuuling, 2015. A specimen of Psammolepis in the Gauja Formation (Estonia)
  • Fadel et al., 2015. Palaeoenvironmental signatures revealed from rare earth element (REE) compositions of vertebrate microremains of the Vesiku Bone Bed (Homerian, Wenlock), Saaremaa Island, Estonia [DOI]
  • Long et al., 2014b. Copulation in antiarch placoderms and the origin of gnathostome internal fertilization [DOI]
  • Clément & Lebedev, 2014. Revision of the Early Tetrapod Obruchevichthys Vorobyeva, 1977 from the Frasnian (Upper Devonian) of the North-western East European Platform [DOI]
  • Long et al., 2014a. Taxonomic revision of buchanosteoid placoderms (Arthrodira) from the Early Devonian of south-eastern Australia and Arctic Russia
  • Afanassieva & Märss, 2014. New Data on the Exoskeleton of the Osteostracan Genus Aestiaspis (Agnatha) from the Silurian of Saaremaa Island (Estonia) and the Severnaya Zemlya Archipelago (Russia) [DOI]
  • Ivanov & Märss, 2014. New data on Karksiodus (Chondrichthyes) from the Main Devonian Field (East European Platform) [DOI]
  • Märss et al., 2014. Biodiversity of the Silurian osteostracans of the East Baltic [DOI]
  • Mark-Kurik, 2013a. A new Lower Devonian arthrodire (Placodermi) from the NW Siberian Platform [DOI]
  • Mark-Kurik et al., 2013. Early Devonian fishes from coastal De Long Strait, central Chukotka, Arctic Russia [DOI]
  • Mark-Kurik & Põldvere, Anne, 2012a. Devonian stratigraphy in Estonia: current state and problems [DOI]
  • Downs et al., 2011. A new species of Laccognathus (Sarcopterygii, Porolepiformes) from the Late Devonian of Ellesmere Island, Nunavut, Canada [DOI]
  • Lukševičs, et al., 2010. Palaeozoogeographical connections of the Devonian vertebrate communities of the Baltica Province. Part I. Eifelian–Givetian [DOI]
  • Lebedev et al., 2010. Palaeozoogeographical connections of the Devonian vertebrate communities of the Baltica Province. Part II. Late Devonian [DOI]
  • Märss & Karatajūtė-Talimaa, 2009. Late Silurian - Early Devonian tessellated heterostracan Oniscolepis Pander, 1856 from the East Baltic and North Timan [DOI]