Placodermi

Placoderms
Class Placodermi McCoy, 1848

et: rüükalad; fi: panssarihait; sv: pansarhajar;

Taxon ID: 273 / 2013-10-28
Belongs to: Gnathostomata
Sister taxa: Acanthodii | Chondrichthyes
Contains: Arthrodira | Euantiarcha | Hybosteus | Ptyctodontida | Euarthrodira | Antiarchi
Stratigraphic range: Silurian Carboniferous | ~ 443,7–292,0 Ma
Baltoscandian species (in database): 57

List of Baltoscandian species (may not be complete, up to 1000 species displayed)

  1. Actinolepis magna | Burtnieki Stage
  2. Actinolepis spinosa | Kemeri Stage
  3. Actinolepis tuberculata | Pärnu Stage → Aruküla Stage
  4. Asterolepis dellei | Burtnieki Stage
  5. Asterolepis essica | Burtnieki Stage
  6. Asterolepis estonica | Narva Stage → Aruküla Stage
  7. Asterolepis ornata | Gauja Stage
  8. Asterolepis radiata | Amata Stage → Plavinas Stage
  9. Asterolepis syasiensis | Dubniki Stage
  10. Bothriolepis cellulosa | Amata Stage → Plavinas Stage
  11. Bothriolepis ciecere | Famennian
  12. Bothriolepis evaldi | Frasnian
  13. Bothriolepis heckeri | Famennian
  14. Bothriolepis jani | Famennian
  15. Bothriolepis leptocheira | Famennian
  16. Bothriolepis leptocheira curonica | Frasnian → Famennian
  17. Bothriolepis maxima | Frasnian
  18. Bothriolepis obrutschewi | Amata Stage
  19. Bothriolepis ornata | Famennian
  20. Bothriolepis panderi | Snetnaya Gora Substage
  21. Bothriolepis pavariensis | Upper Devonian
  22. Bothriolepis prima | Amata Stage
  23. Bothriolepis traudscholdi | Dubniki Stage → Daugava Stage
  24. Byssacanthus dilatatus | Pärnu Stage → Aruküla Stage
  25. Coccosteus cuspidatus | Narva Stage
  26. Coccosteus grossi | Narva Stage → Aruküla Stage
  27. Coccosteus markae | Burtnieki Stage
  28. Coccosteus orvikui | Narva Stage
  29. Ctenurella pskovensis | Snetnaya Gora Substage
  30. Diadsomaspis elongata |
  31. Eastmanosteus egloni | Dubniki Stage
  32. Eastmanosteus pustulosus | Burtnieki Stage
  33. Grossilepis spinosa | Frasnian
  34. Grossilepis tuberculata | Plavinas Stage
  35. Gyroplacosteus panderi | Dubniki Stage
  36. Heterostius convexus | Aruküla Stage
  37. Heterostius eurynotus | Aruküla Stage
  38. Heterostius gracilior | Aruküla Stage
  39. Heterostius ingens | Aruküla Stage → Burtnieki Stage
  40. Heterostius kutorgae | Aruküla Stage
  41. Heterostius minor | Aruküla Stage
  42. Holonema obrutshevi | Aruküla Stage
  43. Holonema radiatum | Dubniki Stage → Daugava Stage
  44. Homostius latus | Aruküla Stage → Burtnieki Stage
  45. Homostius sulcatus | Aruküla Stage → Burtnieki Stage
  46. Hybosteus mirabilis | Gauja Stage
  47. Livosteus grandis | Aruküla Stage → Gauja Stage
  48. Microbrachius dicki | Burtnieki Stage
  49. Millerosteus minor | Aruküla Stage
  50. Phlyctaenius pusilla |
  51. Phyllolepis tolli | Famennian
  52. Plourdosteus livonicus | Gauja Stage → Plavinas Stage
  53. Plourdosteus mironovi | Snetnaya Gora Substage
  54. Plourdosteus panderi | Burtnieki Stage → Gauja Stage
  55. Plourdosteus trautscholdi | Dubniki Stage → Daugava Stage
  56. Tropinema haermae | Burtnieki Stage
  57. Walterilepis speciosa | Frasnian

Visual identification guide (Placodermi)

Placodermi
Placodermi
Placodermi
Placodermi
Placodermi
Placodermi

Selection of related publications

  • Newman et al., 2017. Middle Devonian coccosteid (Arthrodira, Placodermi) biostratigraphy of Scotland and Estonia [DOI]
  • Newman et al., 2015. Scottish Middle Devonian fishes in Estonia [DOI]
  • Long et al., 2014b. Copulation in antiarch placoderms and the origin of gnathostome internal fertilization [DOI]
  • Long et al., 2014a. Taxonomic revision of buchanosteoid placoderms (Arthrodira) from the Early Devonian of south-eastern Australia and Arctic Russia
  • Mark-Kurik, 2013a. A new Lower Devonian arthrodire (Placodermi) from the NW Siberian Platform [DOI]
  • Mark-Kurik & Põldvere, Anne, 2012a. Devonian stratigraphy in Estonia: current state and problems [DOI]
  • Lukševičs, et al., 2010. Palaeozoogeographical connections of the Devonian vertebrate communities of the Baltica Province. Part I. Eifelian–Givetian [DOI]
  • Dupret, 2010. Revision of the genus Kujdanowiaspis Stensiö, 1942 (Placodermi, Arthrodira, "Actinolepida" from the Lower Devonian of Podolia (Ukraine) [DOI]
  • Lebedev et al., 2010. Palaeozoogeographical connections of the Devonian vertebrate communities of the Baltica Province. Part II. Late Devonian [DOI]
  • Lukševičs et al., 2009. The earliest evidence of host-parasite interactions in vertebrates [DOI]
  • Lebedev et al., 2009. Bite marks as evidence of predation in early vertebrates [DOI]
  • Dupret et al., 2007. A new genus of placoderm (Arthrodira: 'Actinolepida') from the Lower Devonian of Podolia (Ukraine)
  • Ivanov et al., 2005b. Devonian sections of north-west of East European Platform
  • Lukševičs & Zupinš, 2004. Sedimentology, fauna, and taphonomy of the Pavâri site, Late Devonian of Latvia
  • Mark-Kurik, 2004. Buchanosteids (Placodermi, Arthrodira) from Central Asia
  • Mark-Kurik & Young, 2003. A new Buchanosteid Arthrodire (placoderm fish) from the Early Devonian of the Ural Mountains
  • Upeniece, 2001. The unique fossil assemblage from the Lode Quarry (Upper Devonian, Latvia)
  • Lukševičs, 2001a. Bothriolepid antiarchs (Vertebrata; Placodermi) from the Devonian of the north-western part of the East European Platform
  • Mark-Kurik, 2000. The Middle Devonian fishes of the Baltic States (Estonia, Latvia) and Belarus
  • Nessov & Mark-Kurik, 1999. Tropinema, a Middle Devonian arthrodire with high dorsal crest from east Baltic
  • Raukas & Teedumäe (eds), 1997. Geology and Mineral Resources of Estonia
  • Mark-Kurik, 1994. Placodermi and their stratigraphical importance
  • Mark-Kurik, 1991a. Contribution to the correlation of the Emsian (Lower Devonian) on the basis of placoderm fishes
  • Mark-Kurik, 1985. Actinolepis spinosa n. sp. (Arthrodira) from the Early Devonian of Latvia
  • Lyarskaya, 1981. Baltic Devonian Placodermi. Asterolepididae
  • Mark-Kurik, 1976. Arthrodire Holonema from the Middle Devonian of Novaya Zemlya
  • Vorobyeva & Lyarskaya, 1968. Crossopterygian and dipnoan remains from the Amata beds of Latvia and their burial
  • Obrucheva, 1966. New facts concerning the coccosteids (Placodermi) from the Baltic Devonian