Acanthodii

acanthodians
Class Acanthodii Owen, 1846

et: akantoodid;

Taxon ID: 281 / 2013-11-09
Belongs to: Gnathostomata
Sister taxa: Placodermi | Chondrichthyes
Contains: Acanthodiformes | Archaeacanthus | Climatiiformes | Diplacanthiformes | Haplacanthus | Homacanthus | Ischnacanthiformes | Nodocosta | Onchus
Stratigraphic range: Ordovician Permian | ~ 488,3–251,0 Ma
Baltoscandian species (in database): 98

List of Baltoscandian species (may not be complete, up to 1000 species displayed)

  1. Acanthodes latgalica | Rezekne Stage
  2. Archaeacanthus quadrisulcatus | Narva Stage → Gauja Stage
  3. Arenaceacanthus arcuatacanalis | Paadla Stage → Kaugatuma Stage
  4. Bracteatacanthus assiduus | Přidoli
  5. Canadalepis linguiformis | Tilze Stage
  6. Cheiracanthoides comptus | Narva Stage
  7. Cheiracanthoides estonicus | Narva Stage
  8. Cheiracanthoides mosolovicus | Eifelian
  9. Cheiracanthoides nativus | Lochkovian
  10. Cheiracanthoides planus | Ohesaare Stage → Tilze Stage
  11. Cheiracanthoides proprius | Narva Stage
  12. Cheiracanthus brevicostatus | Pärnu Stage → Burtnieki Stage
  13. Cheiracanthus crassus | Narva Stage
  14. Cheiracanthus flabellicostatus | Aruküla Stage
  15. Cheiracanthus gibbosus | Rezekne Stage → Pärnu Stage
  16. Cheiracanthus intricatus | Narva Stage → Burtnieki Stage
  17. Cheiracanthus latus |
  18. Cheiracanthus longicostatus | Emsian → Frasnian
  19. Cheiracanthus talimae | Narva Stage
  20. Devononchus concinnus | Abava Substage → Amata Stage
  21. Devononchus ketleriensis | Famennian
  22. Devononchus laevis | Frasnian
  23. Devononchus tenuispinus | Famennian
  24. Diplacanthus carinatus | Narva Stage → Burtnieki Stage
  25. Diplacanthus crassisimus |
  26. Diplacanthus gravis | Aruküla Stage → Burtnieki Stage
  27. Diplacanthus kleesmentae | Rezekne Stage → Pärnu Stage
  28. Diplacanthus poltnigi |
  29. Diplacanthus solidus | Middle Devonian
  30. Diplacanthus tenuistriatus | Narva Stage → Burtnieki Stage
  31. Ectopacanthus cristiformis | Narva Stage
  32. Ectopacanthus flabellatus | Kemeri Stage → Pärnu Stage
  33. Ectopacanthus pusillus | Lochkovian
  34. Endemolepis inconstans | Ohesaare Stage → Tilze Stage
  35. Fecundosquama basiglobosa | Kaugatuma Stage → Ohesaare Stage
  36. Ginkgolepis tenericostatus |
  37. Gomphonchus boekschoteni | Ohesaare Stage
  38. Gomphonchus hoppei | Ohesaare Stage → Tilze Stage
  39. Gomphonchus mediocostatus | Ohesaare Stage → Tilze Stage
  40. Gomphonchus minutus | Přidoli
  41. Gomphonchus sandelensis | Paadla Stage → Kemeri Stage
  42. Gomphonchus tauragensis | Kemeri Stage
  43. Haplacanthus ehrmanensis | Gauja Stage
  44. Haplacanthus ludziensis | Rezekne Stage
  45. Haplacanthus marginalis | Narva Stage → Gauja Stage
  46. Haplacanthus perseensis | Plavinas Stage
  47. Homacanthus gracilis | Narva Stage → Burtnieki Stage
  48. Homacanthus sveteensis | Famennian
  49. Laliacanthus singularis | Rezekne Stage → Pärnu Stage
  50. Latviacanthus ventspilsensis | Kemeri Stage
  51. Lietuvacanthus fossulatus | Lochkovian
  52. Lodeacanthus gaujicus | Gauja Stage
  53. Markacanthus alius | Aruküla Stage → Burtnieki Stage
  54. Markacanthus costulatus | Narva Stage → Burtnieki Stage
  55. Markacanthus parallelus | Rezekne Stage
  56. Minioracanthus laevis | Narva Stage → Aruküla Stage
  57. Monospina erecta | Kaugatuma Stage → Ohesaare Stage
  58. Nodocosta pauli | Aruküla Stage → Burtnieki Stage
  59. Nostolepis alifera | Ohesaare Stage
  60. Nostolepis alta | Ohesaare Stage → Tilze Stage
  61. Nostolepis amplifica | Paadla Stage → Tilze Stage
  62. Nostolepis arctica | Lochkovian
  63. Nostolepis consueta | Jaani Stage → Tilze Stage
  64. Nostolepis elegans | Ohesaare Stage → Tilze Stage
  65. Nostolepis gaujensis | Frasnian
  66. Nostolepis gracilis | Kaugatuma Stage → Rezekne Stage
  67. Nostolepis kernavensis | Narva Stage
  68. Nostolepis latvica | Kaugatuma Stage → Ohesaare Stage
  69. Nostolepis linleyensis | Kaugatuma Stage → Ohesaare Stage
  70. Nostolepis magnicostata | Ohesaare Stage
  71. Nostolepis minima | Tilze Stage
  72. Nostolepis musca | Kaugatuma Stage → Tilze Stage
  73. Nostolepis robusta | Tilze Stage
  74. Nostolepis striata | Paadla Stage → Tilze Stage
  75. Nostovicina athleta | Ohesaare Stage
  76. Nostovicina laticristata | Tilze Stage
  77. Onchus murchisoni | Ohesaare Stage
  78. Poracanthodes lehmani | Kuressaare Stage
  79. Poracanthodes marssae | Ohesaare Stage → Tilze Stage
  80. Poracanthodes menneri | upper Silurian
  81. Poracanthodes porosus | Kuressaare Stage → Tilze Stage
  82. Poracanthodes punctatus | Ohesaare Stage → Pragian
  83. Poracanthodes stonehousensis | Ohesaare Stage
  84. Poracanthodes subporosus | Paadla Stage → Tilze Stage
  85. Poracanthodes sulcatus | Ohesaare Stage
  86. Pruemolepis wellsi | Kaugatuma Stage → Narva Stage
  87. Ptychodictyon ancestralis | Rezekne Stage → Pärnu Stage
  88. Ptychodictyon distinctum | Narva Stage
  89. Ptychodictyon rimosum | Narva Stage → Burtnieki Stage
  90. Ptychodictyon sulcatum | Narva Stage → Burtnieki Stage
  91. Rhadinacanthus balticus | Narva Stage → Aruküla Stage
  92. Rhadinacanthus deltosquamosus | Burtnieki Stage
  93. Rhadinacanthus longispinus |
  94. Rhadinacanthus multisulcatus | Aruküla Stage → Burtnieki Stage
  95. Rhadinacanthus primaris | Rezekne Stage → Pärnu Stage
  96. Rohonilepis breviornatus | Paadla Stage → Ohesaare Stage
  97. Tareyacanthus dissectus | Lochkovian → Pragian
  98. Vesperalia perplexa | Přidoli

Selection of related publications

  • Pinakhina & Märss, 2018. The Middle Devonian acanthodian assemblage of the Karksi outcrop in Estonia [DOI]
  • Glinskiy & Pinakhina, 2018. New data on psammosteid heterostracans (Pteraspidomorpha) and acanthodians (Acanthodii) from the Pärnu Regional Stage (Lower Eifelian, Middle Devonian) of Estonia [DOI]
  • Pinakhina, 2018. A New Cheiracanthid Acanthodian Species from the Aruküla Regional Stage (Middle Devonian, Givetian) of the Eastern Main Devonian Field [DOI]
  • Burrow et al., 2016. The diplacanthid fishes (Acanthodii, Diplacanthiformes, Diplacanthidae) from the Middle Devonian of Scotland [DOI]
  • Mark-Kurik et al., 2013. Early Devonian fishes from coastal De Long Strait, central Chukotka, Arctic Russia [DOI]
  • Lukševičs et al., 2010. Palaeozoogeographical connections of the Devonian vertebrate communities of the Baltica Province. Part I. Eifelian–Givetian [DOI]
  • Mark-Kurik, 2009. Tamme paljand - Kesk-Devoni kalade unikaalne leiukoht
  • Märss et al., 2008. Karksilepis parva gen. et sp. nov. (Chondrichthyes) from the Burtnieki Regional Stage, Middle Devonian of Estonia [DOI]
  • Kleesment et al., 2006a. Devonian in Estonia
  • Valiukevičius, 2005. Silurian acanthodian biostratigraphy of Lithuania
  • Valiukevičius, 2004b. New Wenlock -Pridoli (Silurian) acanthodian fishes from Lithuania
  • Niit, 2004. Applicability of microfossils of the Burtnieki Stage in stratigraphy
  • Lukševičs & Zupinš, 2004. Sedimentology, fauna, and taphonomy of the Pavâri site, Late Devonian of Latvia
  • Valiukevičius, 2004a. Silurian acanthodian succession of the Lužni-4 borehole (Latvia)
  • Valiukevičius, 2003c. New Silurian nostolepid (Acanthodii, Pisces) of Lithuania
  • Upeniece, 2001. The unique fossil assemblage from the Lode Quarry (Upper Devonian, Latvia)
  • Mark-Kurik, 2000. The Middle Devonian fishes of the Baltic States (Estonia, Latvia) and Belarus
  • Valiukevičius, 1998. Acanthodians and zonal stratigraphy of Lower and Middle Devonian in East Baltic and Byelorussia
  • Märss, 1997a. Vertebrates of the Pridoli and Silurian-Devonian boundary beds in Europe
  • Märss, 1997b. Early vertebrates
  • Märss, 1996. Loganellia (Thelodonti, Agnatha) from the Jaagarahu Stage, Wenlock, Estonia
  • Märss, 1986b. Silurian Vertebrates of Estonia and West Latvia
  • Gross, 1940a. Acanthodier und Placodermen aus den Heterostius-Schichten Estlands und Lettlands