Porifera

Sponges
Phylum Porifera Grant, 1836

et: käsnad;

Taxon ID: 39 / 2013-11-03
Belongs to: Animalia
Sister taxa: Agmata | Pogonophora | Cnidaria | Bryozoa | Brachiopoda | Mollusca | Priapulida | Echinodermata | Annelida | Arthropoda | Hemichordata | Chordata | Animalia Incertae sedis
Contains: Calcarea | Demospongea | Heteractinida | Hexactinellida | Stromatoporoidea
Stratigraphic range: Ediacara Recent | ~ 650,0–0,0 Ma
Baltoscandian species (in database): 149

List of Baltoscandian species (may not be complete, up to 1000 species displayed)

  1. Actinostromella vaiverensis | Kaugatuma Stage
  2. Amphipora sokolovi | Silurian
  3. Araneosustroma stelliparratum | Wenlock → Ludlow
  4. Archaeoscyphia annulata |
  5. Archaeoscyphia attenuata | Ordovician
  6. Archaeoscyphia aulocopiformis |
  7. Archaeoscyphia gislei |
  8. Archaeoscyphia minganensis |
  9. Archaeoscyphia rectilinearis |
  10. Archaeoscyphia scalaria |
  11. Astraeospongium patina | Lower Ordovician → Middle Ordovician
  12. Astylospongia incisolobata |
  13. Astylospongia praemorsa | Ordovician
  14. Aulocopella cepa |
  15. Aulocopella dactylos | Pirgu Stage
  16. Aulocopella hemisphaericum |
  17. Aulocopium cylindraceum |
  18. Aulocopium discus | Idavere Substage
  19. Brevaspidella dispersa | Upper Ordovician
  20. Calcihexactina franconica | Cambrian → Ordovician
  21. Calycocoelia typicalis |
  22. Camptodictyon penefastigiatum | Llandovery → Telychian
  23. Carpospongia castanea | Idavere Substage → Jõhvi Substage
  24. Carpospongia conwentzi | Ordovician
  25. Carpospongia globosa | Jõhvi Substage → Keila Stage
  26. Carpospongia langei | Ordovician
  27. Carpospongia pogrebovi | Haljala Stage
  28. Carpospongia stellatimsulcatum |
  29. Caryoconulus gothlandicus | Llandovery → Wenlock
  30. Caryospongia diadema | Haljala Stage
  31. Caryospongia edita |
  32. Caryospongia juglans |
  33. Caryospongia juglans basiplana |
  34. Caryospongia roemeri | Jõhvi Substage
  35. Clathrodictyon adaverense | Adavere Stage
  36. Clathrodictyon affabile | Jaani Stage
  37. Clathrodictyon boreale | Juuru Stage → Raikküla Stage
  38. Clathrodictyon clivosum | Raikküla Stage
  39. Clathrodictyon delicatulum | Adavere Stage
  40. Clathrodictyon demissum | Juuru Stage
  41. Clathrodictyon gregale | Porkuni Stage
  42. Clathrodictyon incongruum | Llandovery
  43. Clathrodictyon kudriavzevi | Juuru Stage → Raikküla Stage
  44. Clathrodictyon lennuki | Juuru Stage
  45. Clathrodictyon microundulatum | Vormsi Stage → Pirgu Stage
  46. Clathrodictyon mohicanum | Ludlow
  47. Clathrodictyon regulare | Llandovery
  48. Clathrodictyon sarvense | Juuru Stage
  49. Clathrodictyon sulevi | Juuru Stage
  50. Clathrodictyon turritum | Juuru Stage → Raikküla Stage
  51. Clathrodictyon variolare | Adavere Stage → Jaani Stage
  52. Clathrodictyon vormsiense | Vormsi Stage
  53. Clathrodictyon zonatum | Porkuni Stage
  54. Climacospongia undulata | Rhuddanian
  55. Cystistroma canadense | Oandu Stage → Pirgu Stage
  56. Cystistroma sakuense | Oandu Stage
  57. Cystostroma estoniense | Pirgu Stage
  58. Densastroma astroites | Ludlow → Přidoli
  59. Densastroma himmestum | Ludlow → Přidoli
  60. Densastroma pexisum | Wenlock
  61. Densastroma podolicum | Rootsiküla Stage → Paadla Stage
  62. Dvorcia mira | upper Silurian → Permian
  63. Ecclimadictyon arcuatum | Adavere Stage
  64. Ecclimadictyon astrolaxum | Wenlock
  65. Ecclimadictyon fastigiatum | Adavere Stage
  66. Ecclimadictyon koigiense | Porkuni Stage
  67. Ecclimadictyon laminaeungulatum | Juuru Stage
  68. Ecclimadictyon macrotuberculatum | Juuru Stage → Rootsiküla Stage
  69. Ecclimadictyon magnum | Wenlock
  70. Ecclimadictyon microfastigiatum | Juuru Stage → Adavere Stage
  71. Ecclimadictyon microvesiculosum | Juuru Stage → Raikküla Stage
  72. Ecclimadictyon nikitini | lower Silurian
  73. Ecclimadictyon pandum | Juuru Stage
  74. Ecclimadictyon porkuni | Porkuni Stage → Juuru Stage
  75. Ecclimadictyon robustum | Jaagarahu Stage → Rootsiküla Stage
  76. Ecclimadictyon sarvense |
  77. Eostromatopora impexa | Vormsi Stage → Jaani Stage
  78. Eostromatopora ringerikensis | Telychian
  79. Fibrocoelia tubantiensis |
  80. Finksella turbinata |
  81. Forolinia brevis | Juuru Stage → Raikküla Stage
  82. Forolinia implana | Raikküla Stage
  83. Forolinia lineata | Juuru Stage
  84. Forolinia pachyphylla | Adavere Stage
  85. Forolinia paka | Raikküla Stage
  86. Haljalaspongia inaudita | Sandbian
  87. Hazelia palmata | Cambrian → Ordovician
  88. Hindia sphaeroidalis | Llandovery → Ludlow
  89. Hudsonospongia cyclostoma |
  90. Intexodictyon avitum | Raikküla Stage → Adavere Stage
  91. Intexodictyon olevi | Raikküla Stage
  92. Labechia venusta | Llandovery → Wenlock
  93. Lophiostroma schmidti | Ludlow
  94. Oslodictyon klintense | Wenlock
  95. Oslodictyon suevicum | Adavere Stage → Jaani Stage
  96. Pachystroma elegans | Adavere Stage
  97. Pachystylostroma contractum | Juuru Stage
  98. Pachystylostroma estoniense | Juuru Stage → Raikküla Stage
  99. Pachystylostroma exile | Juuru Stage
  100. Pachystylostroma fragosum | Porkuni Stage
  101. Pachystylostroma hillistense | Juuru Stage
  102. Pachystylostroma opiparum | Raikküla Stage
  103. Pachystylostroma rosensteinae | Juuru Stage
  104. Pachystylostroma ungerni | Juuru Stage
  105. Palaeomanon cratera | Ordovician
  106. Parallelopora ornata | Ludlow
  107. Parallelostroma kaugatomicum | upper Silurian
  108. Parallelostroma minosi | Kaugatuma Stage
  109. Parallelostroma tuberculatum | Ludlow → Přidoli
  110. Parallelostroma typicum | Ludlow → Přidoli
  111. Petridiostroma convictum | Ludlow
  112. Petridiostroma regulare | Adavere Stage
  113. Petridiostroma simplex | Wenlock
  114. Phobetractinia polymorpha | Ludlow
  115. Plectostroma intermedium | Paadla Stage
  116. Plectostroma mirificum | Paadla Stage
  117. Plectostroma necopinatum | Juuru Stage
  118. Plectostroma scaniense | Ludlow
  119. Plectostroma schmidtii | upper Silurian
  120. Plexodictyon katriense | Ludlow
  121. Plumatalinia ferax | Pirgu Stage
  122. Pseudolabechia granulata | Ludlow
  123. Pyritonema subulare | Idavere Substage → Jõhvi Substage
  124. Reifelia diffissa | Upper Ordovician → Carboniferous
  125. Rosenella dentata | Adavere Stage → Jaani Stage
  126. Rosenella tuberculata | Adavere Stage → Jaani Stage
  127. Schismospongia syltensis |
  128. Simplexodictyon podolicum | Ludlow
  129. Simplexodictyon simplex | Jaani Stage → Jaagarahu Stage
  130. Simplexodictyon validum | Wenlock
  131. Simplexodictyon yavorskyi | Ludlow
  132. Siphonia cylindrica | Ordovician
  133. Solenopora dendriformis | Keila Stage
  134. Solenopora filiformis |
  135. Solenopora filiformis estonica | Idavere Substage
  136. Solenopora nigra | Oandu Stage
  137. Solenopora spongioides | Oandu Stage
  138. Solenopora spongioides iuchvii | Jõhvi Substage
  139. Stelodictyon conodigitatum | Adavere Stage
  140. Stelodictyon crickmayi | Silurian
  141. Stelodictyon mammillatum | Porkuni Stage
  142. Stromatopora bekkeri | Paadla Stage
  143. Stromatopora lamellosa | Paadla Stage
  144. Syltrochos pyramidoidalis | Jõhvi Substage → Keila Stage
  145. Syringostromella borealis | Paadla Stage
  146. Syringostromella tenerrima | Silurian
  147. Tympanospongia vankempeni | Ordovician
  148. Vikingia tenuis | Wenlock
  149. Vikingia vikingi | Wenlock

Selection of related publications

  • Vinn & Toom, 2017. Early symbiotic rugosan endobionts in stromatoporoids from the Rhuddanian of Estonia (Baltica) [DOI]
  • Vinn, 2016b. Symbiotic endobionts in Paleozoic stromatoporoids [DOI]
  • Kershaw & Mõtus, 2016 . Palaeoecology of corals and stromatoporoids in a late Silurian biostrome in Estonia [DOI]
  • Vinn et al., 2015a. Earliest known rugosan-stromatoporoid symbiosis from the Llandovery of Estonia (Baltica) [DOI]
  • Vinn & Mõtus, 2014b . Symbiotic worms in biostromal stromatoporoids from the Ludfordian (Late Silurian) of Saaremaa, Estonia [DOI]
  • Vinn et al., 2014a. Symbiotic endobiont biofacies in the Silurian of Baltica [DOI]
  • Rhebergen & Botting, 2014. A new Silurian (Llandovery, Talychian) sponge assemblage from Gotland, Sweden [DOI]
  • Vinn & Mõtus, 2014a. Endobiotic Rugosan Symbionts in Stromatoporoids from the Sheinwoodian (Silurian) of Baltica [DOI]
  • Rhebergen, 2014. A new Late Ordovician erratic anthaspidellid sponge (Porifera) originating from Baltica
  • Vinn & Wilson, 2012a. Encrustation and bioerosion on late Sheinwoodian (Wenlock, Silurian) stromatoporoids from Saaremaa, Estonia
  • Botting & Rhebergen, 2011. A remarkable new Middle Sandbian (Ordovician) hexactinellid sponge in Baltic erratics
  • Rhebergen, 2011. Short note on three species of Ordovician Orchocladina (Demospongea, Porifera)
  • Nestor, H. et al., 2010. Late Ordovician and Early Silurian Stromatopoid Sponges from Anticosti Island, Eastern Canada: crossing the O/S mass extinction boundary
  • Rhebergen, 2009. Ordovician sponges (Porifera) and other silicifications from Baltica in Neogene and Pleistocene fluvial deposits of the Netherlands and northern Germany [DOI]
  • Mõtus & Hints, O., 2007. 10th International Symposium on Fossil Cnidaria and Porifera. Excursion B2: Lower Paleozoic geology and corals of Estonia. Excursion Guidebook
  • Rhebergen, 2007a. Revision of the species Astraeospongium Patina Roemer, 1861, based on Ordovician bedrock specimens from Estonia
  • Rhebergen, 2005. Sponges (Porifera) from Silurian strata on Gotland, Sweden [DOI]
  • Rhebergen, 2004. A new Ordovician astylospongiid sponge (Porifera) as an erratic from Baltica
  • Riding, 2004. Solenopora is a Chaetetid Sponge, not an Alga
  • Rhebergen & Kempen, 2002. An unusual Silurian erratic astylospongiid (Porifera) from Gotland, Sweden
  • Nestor, H. & Stock, 2001. Recovery of stromatoporoid fauna after the Late Ordovician extinction
  • Nestor, H., 1981a. Stromatoporoids
  • Nestor, H., 1976. Early Paleozoic stromatoporoids from the Moiero River (North of the Siberian platform)
  • Nestor, H., 1966a. Wenlockian and Ludlovian Stromatoporoidea of Estonia
  • Nestor, H., 1964. Ordovician and Llandoverian Stromatoporoidea of Estonia
  • Nestor, H., 1960. Plumatalinia - A New Genus of Stromatoporoidea from the Upper Ordovician of the Estonian S.S.R.