Annelids
Phylum Annelida Lamarck, 1809

et: rõngussid; sv: ringmaskar ; fi: nivelmadot;

Taxon ID: 60 / 2013-11-07
Belongs to: Animalia
Sister taxa: Agmata | Pogonophora | Porifera | Cnidaria | Bryozoa | Brachiopoda | Priapulida | Echinodermata | Arthropoda | Hemichordata | Chordata | Animalia Incertae sedis
Contains: Baltichaeta | Polychaeta | Procoelomata
Stratigraphic range: Cambrian
Baltoscandian species (in database): 74

Taxon overview

Annelids are segmented worms (including bristleworms, earthworms and leaches). Being soft-bodied organisms, annelids rarely preserve in fossil record, except those forms that build calcareous tubes or possess jaws. However, annelids, and polychaetes in particular, may have been responsible for making different types of trace fossils.

Selection of related publications

  • Hints, O. et al., 2017a. Early Middle Ordovician scolecodonts from northwestern Argentina and the emergence of labidognath polychaete jaw apparatuses [DOI]
  • Eriksson et al., 2017. Earth’s oldest ‘Bobbit worm’ – gigantism in a Devonian eunicidan polychaete [DOI]
  • Slater et al., 2017a. A cryptic record of Burgess Shale-type diversity from the early Cambrian of Baltica [DOI]
  • Moutinho et al., 2016. Trilobites, scolecodonts and fish remains occurrence and the depositional paleoenvironment of the upper Monte Alegre and lower Itaituba formations, Lower – Middle Pennsylvanian of the Amazonas Basin, Brazil [DOI]
  • Hints, O. et al., 2016. Late Ordovician jaw-bearing polychaetes from Anticosti Island, eastern Canada, and their biogeographic significance [DOI]
  • Tonarová et al., 2016. Middle Devonian jawed polychaete fauna from the type Eifel area, western Germany, and its biogeographical and evolutionary affinities [DOI]
  • Hints, O. et al., 2015. Late Ordovician scolecodonts from the Qusaiba-1 core hole, central Saudi Arabia, and their paleogeographical affinities [DOI]
  • Tonarová et al., 2014. Impact of the Silurian Ireviken Event on polychaete faunas: new insights from the Viki drill core, western Estonia [DOI]
  • Vinn et al., 2012. Systematics of serpulid tubeworms (Annelida, Polychaeta) from Cretaceous and Cenozoic hydrocarbon-seep deposits in North America and Europe [DOI]
  • Eriksson et al., 2012. Kingnites diamondi gen. et sp. nov., an exceptionally large Silurian paulinitid (Annelida; Polychaeta) from shallow marine settings of Baltoscandia [DOI]
  • Taylor et al., 2010. Raman spectroscopic study of the mineral composition of cirratulid tubes (Annelida, Polychaeta) [DOI]
  • Vinn & Wilson, 2010e. Sabellid-dominated shallow water calcareous polychaete tubeworm association from the equatorial Tethys Ocean (Matmor Formation, Middle Jurassic, Israel) [DOI]
  • Hints, O. & Eriksson, 2010. Ordovician polychaeturid polychaetes: Taxonomy, distribution and palaeoecology [DOI]
  • Truuver, 2009. Skolekodondid Kalana karjääris. Juh O. Tinn
  • Vinther & Briggs, 2009. Machaeridian locomotion [DOI]
  • Högström et al., 2009. Armoured annelids and molluscs from the Upper Ordovician Boda Limestone, central Sweden [DOI]
  • Hints, O., 2008. Kaljoprion - a new enigmatic jawed polychaete genus from the Upper Ordovician of Estonia [DOI]
  • Rubel et al., 2007. Lower Silurian biostratigraphy of the Viirelaid core, western Estonia [DOI]
  • Hints, L. et al., 2007a. Hulterstad brachiopods and associated faunas in the Vormsi Stage (Upper Ordovician, Katian) of the Lelle core, Central Estonia
  • Hints, O. & Eriksson, 2007. Diversification and biogeography of scolecodont-bearing polychaetes in the Ordovician [DOI]
  • Hints, O. et al., 2006. Frequency patterns of chitinozoans, scolecodonts, and conodonts in the upper Llandovery and lower Wenlock of the Paatsalu core, western Estonia
  • Hints, O. & Nõlvak, 2006. Early Ordovician scolecodonts and chitinozoans from Tallinn, North Estonia [DOI]
  • Vinn, 2005b. The tube ultrastructure of serpulids (Annelida, Polychahaeta) Pentaditrypa subtorquata, Cretaceous, and Nogrobs cf. vertebralis, Jurassic, from Germany
  • Eriksson, 2001. Silurian Ramphoprionid polychaetes from Gotland, Sweden [DOI]