Annelids
Phylum Annelida Lamarck, 1809

et: rõngussid; sv: ringmaskar ; fi: nivelmadot;

Taxon ID: 60 / 2013-11-07
Belongs to: Animalia
Sister taxa: Agmata | Pogonophora | Porifera | Cnidaria | Bryozoa | Brachiopoda | Mollusca | Priapulida | Echinodermata | Arthropoda | Hemichordata | Chordata | Animalia Incertae sedis
Contains: Baltichaeta | Machaeridia | Polychaeta
Stratigraphic range: Cambrian
Baltoscandian species (in database): 75

Taxon overview

Annelids are segmented worms (including bristleworms, earthworms and leaches). Being soft-bodied organisms, annelids rarely preserve in fossil record, except those forms that build calcareous tubes or possess jaws. However, annelids, and polychaetes in particular, may have been responsible for making different types of trace fossils.

Selection of related publications

  • Slater et al., 2017. A cryptic record of Burgess Shale-type diversity from the early Cambrian of Baltica [DOI]
  • Hints, O. et al., 2017. Early Middle Ordovician scolecodonts from northwestern Argentina and the emergence of labidognath polychaete jaw apparatuses [DOI]
  • Eriksson et al., 2017. Earth’s oldest ‘Bobbit worm’ – gigantism in a Devonian eunicidan polychaete [DOI]
  • Moutinho et al., 2016. Trilobites, scolecodonts and fish remains occurrence and the depositional paleoenvironment of the upper Monte Alegre and lower Itaituba formations, Lower – Middle Pennsylvanian of the Amazonas Basin, Brazil [DOI]
  • Tonarová et al., 2016. Middle Devonian jawed polychaete fauna from the type Eifel area, western Germany, and its biogeographical and evolutionary affinities [DOI]
  • Hints, O. et al., 2016. Late Ordovician jaw-bearing polychaetes from Anticosti Island, eastern Canada, and their biogeographic significance [DOI]
  • Hints, O. et al., 2015. Late Ordovician scolecodonts from the Qusaiba-1 core hole, central Saudi Arabia, and their paleogeographical affinities [DOI]
  • Tonarova et al., 2014. Impact of the Silurian Ireviken Event on polychaete faunas: new insights from the Viki drill core, western Estonia [DOI]
  • Eriksson et al., 2012. Kingnites diamondi gen. et sp. nov., an exceptionally large Silurian paulinitid (Annelida; Polychaeta) from shallow marine settings of Baltoscandia [DOI]
  • Hints, O. & Eriksson, 2010. Ordovician polychaeturid polychaetes: Taxonomy, distribution and palaeoecology [DOI]
  • Högström et al., 2009. Armoured annelids and molluscs from the Upper Ordovician Boda Limestone, central Sweden [DOI]
  • Truuver, 2009. Skolekodondid Kalana karjääris. Juh O. Tinn
  • Vinther & Briggs, 2009. Machaeridian locomotion
  • Hints, O., 2008. Kaljoprion - a new enigmatic jawed polychaete genus from the Upper Ordovician of Estonia [DOI]
  • Hints, L. et al., 2007a. Hulterstad brachiopods and associated faunas in the Vormsi Stage (Upper Ordovician, Katian) of the Lelle core, Central Estonia
  • Rubel et al., 2007. Lower Silurian biostratigraphy of the Viirelaid core, western Estonia [DOI]
  • Hints, O. & Eriksson, 2007. Diversification and biogeography of scolecodont-bearing polychaetes in the Ordovician [DOI]
  • Hints, O. & Nõlvak, 2006. Early Ordovician scolecodonts and chitinozoans from Tallinn, North Estonia [DOI]
  • Hints, O. et al., 2006. Frequency patterns of chitinozoans, scolecodonts, and conodonts in the upper Llandovery and lower Wenlock of the Paatsalu core, western Estonia
  • Eriksson, 2001. Silurian Ramphoprionid polychaetes from Gotland, Sweden
  • Hints, O., 2000. Ordovician eunicid polychaetes of Estonia and surrounding areas: review of their distribution and diversification
  • Hints, O., 1999b. Two new polychaete families from the Upper Ordovician of Estonia
  • Hints, O., 1998a. Revision of the Ordovician and Silurian ramphoprionid polychaetes from Severnaya Zemlya, Russian Arctic
  • Hints, O., 1998c. Late Viruan (Ordovician) polychaete jaws from North Estonia and the St. Petersburg Region
  • Männil & Zaslavskaya, 1985a. Silurian polychaetes from the northern Siberia