Annelids
Phylum Annelida Lamarck, 1809

et: rõngussid; sv: ringmaskar ; fi: nivelmadot;

Taxon ID: 60 / 2013-11-07
Belongs to: Animalia
Sister taxa: Agmata | Pogonophora | Porifera | Cnidaria | Bryozoa | Brachiopoda | Mollusca | Priapulida | Echinodermata | Arthropoda | Hemichordata | Chordata | Animalia Incertae sedis
Contains: Baltichaeta | Polychaeta | Procoelomata
Stratigraphic range: Cambrian
Baltoscandian species (in database): 79

List of Baltoscandian species (may not be complete, up to 1000 species displayed)

  1. Atraktoprion cornutus |
  2. Atraktoprion major |
  3. Atraktoprion mirabilis |
  4. Baltichaeta jormunganda | Lower Cambrian (old nomenclature)
  5. Conjungaspis minutus | Ordovician → Silurian
  6. Dubichaetaspis bergmani |
  7. Estonioprion maennili | Haljala Stage → Keila Stage
  8. Eunicites ala | Kukruse Stage
  9. Eunicites bekkeri | Kukruse Stage
  10. Euryprion rarus |
  11. Gotlandites slitensis | Wenlock
  12. Hadoprion cervicornis |
  13. Hindenites angustus | Wenlock
  14. Hindenites gladiatus |
  15. Hindenites naerensis |
  16. Incisiprion edentulus | Keila Stage
  17. Incisiprion incisus | Kukruse Stage → Keila Stage
  18. Kadriorgaspis kaisae | Tremadocian
  19. Kaljoprion laevaensis | Nabala Stage
  20. Kalloprion triangularis |
  21. Kettnerites abraham | Llandovery → Wenlock
  22. Kettnerites bankvaetensis | Wenlock → Ludlow
  23. Kettnerites burgensis | Ludlow
  24. Kettnerites fjaelensis | Wenlock → Ludlow
  25. Kettnerites huberti | Wenlock → Ludlow
  26. Kettnerites jacobi | Wenlock
  27. Kettnerites martinssonii | Llandovery → Ludlow
  28. Kettnerites microdentatus | Llandovery → Ludlow
  29. Kettnerites polonensis | Wenlock → Ludlow
  30. Kettnerites siaelsoeensis | Llandovery
  31. Kettnerites sisyphi | Llandovery → Ludlow
  32. Kettnerites versabilis | Llandovery
  33. Kingnites diamondi | Wenlock → Ludlow
  34. Kozlowskiprion brevialatus |
  35. Kozlowskiprion longicavernosus |
  36. Lanceolatites gracilis | Llandovery → Ludlow
  37. Langeites glaber |
  38. Leptoprion artus |
  39. Lunoprionella symmetrica |
  40. Megaramphoprion magnus | Telychian → Ludfordian
  41. Mochtyella cristata |
  42. Mochtyella duplicidentata |
  43. Mochtyella fragilis |
  44. Mochtyella polonica |
  45. Mochtyella pragensis |
  46. Oenonites eichwaldi |
  47. Oenonites gadomskae | Ordovician → Silurian
  48. Oenonites jennyensis | Silurian
  49. Oenonites latus | Upper Ordovician → Silurian
  50. Oenonites olavi |
  51. Oenonites tuberculatus | Upper Ordovician
  52. Oenonites varsoviensis | Ordovician → Silurian
  53. Oenonites wejstorpi |
  54. Oenonites wyszogrodensis | Ordovician → Silurian
  55. Oenonites zappae |
  56. Oenonites? honki |
  57. Pararamphoprion urbaneki |
  58. Pistoprion transitans | Haljala Stage → Silurian
  59. Plumulites eueides | Katian
  60. Protarabellites rectangularis | Sheinwoodian → Ludfordian
  61. Protarabellites staufferi | Telychian → Ludfordian
  62. Protarabellites triangularis | Sheinwoodian → Ludfordian
  63. Pteropelta gladiata | Volkhov Stage → Juuru Stage
  64. Pteropelta huberti | Kukruse Stage → Pirgu Stage
  65. Pteropelta kielanae | Haljala Stage → Keila Stage
  66. Rakvereprion balticus | Upper Ordovician
  67. Ramphoprion bialatus | Upper Ordovician
  68. Ramphoprion elongatus |
  69. Rhytiprion magnus | Middle Ordovician → Silurian
  70. Serpulites kukersianus | Kukruse Stage
  71. Serpulites longissimus | Kukruse Stage
  72. Skalenoprion bugensis |
  73. Symmetroprion spatiosus |
  74. Tetraprion pozaryskae |
  75. Tretoprion astae |
  76. Turrilepas wrightiana |
  77. Vistulella kozlowskii |
  78. Xanioprion borealis |
  79. Xanioprion viivei | Hunneberg Stage

Taxon overview

Annelids are segmented worms (including bristleworms, earthworms and leaches). Being soft-bodied organisms, annelids rarely preserve in fossil record, except those forms that build calcareous tubes or possess jaws. However, annelids, and polychaetes in particular, may have been responsible for making different types of trace fossils.

Selection of related publications

  • Slater et al., 2017a. A cryptic record of Burgess Shale-type diversity from the early Cambrian of Baltica [DOI]
  • Hints, O. et al., 2017a. Early Middle Ordovician scolecodonts from northwestern Argentina and the emergence of labidognath polychaete jaw apparatuses [DOI]
  • Eriksson et al., 2017. Earth’s oldest ‘Bobbit worm’ – gigantism in a Devonian eunicidan polychaete [DOI]
  • Moutinho et al., 2016. Trilobites, scolecodonts and fish remains occurrence and the depositional paleoenvironment of the upper Monte Alegre and lower Itaituba formations, Lower – Middle Pennsylvanian of the Amazonas Basin, Brazil [DOI]
  • Tonarová et al., 2016. Middle Devonian jawed polychaete fauna from the type Eifel area, western Germany, and its biogeographical and evolutionary affinities [DOI]
  • Hints, O. et al., 2016. Late Ordovician jaw-bearing polychaetes from Anticosti Island, eastern Canada, and their biogeographic significance [DOI]
  • Hints, O. et al., 2015. Late Ordovician scolecodonts from the Qusaiba-1 core hole, central Saudi Arabia, and their paleogeographical affinities [DOI]
  • Tonarová et al., 2014. Impact of the Silurian Ireviken Event on polychaete faunas: new insights from the Viki drill core, western Estonia [DOI]
  • Vinn et al., 2012. Systematics of serpulid tubeworms (Annelida, Polychaeta) from Cretaceous and Cenozoic hydrocarbon-seep deposits in North America and Europe [DOI]
  • Eriksson et al., 2012. Kingnites diamondi gen. et sp. nov., an exceptionally large Silurian paulinitid (Annelida; Polychaeta) from shallow marine settings of Baltoscandia [DOI]
  • Hints, O. & Eriksson, 2010. Ordovician polychaeturid polychaetes: Taxonomy, distribution and palaeoecology [DOI]
  • Taylor et al., 2010. Raman spectroscopic study of the mineral composition of cirratulid tubes (Annelida, Polychaeta) [DOI]
  • Vinn & Wilson, 2010e. Sabellid-dominated shallow water calcareous polychaete tubeworm association from the equatorial Tethys Ocean (Matmor Formation, Middle Jurassic, Israel) [DOI]
  • Högström et al., 2009. Armoured annelids and molluscs from the Upper Ordovician Boda Limestone, central Sweden [DOI]
  • Vinther & Briggs, 2009. Machaeridian locomotion [DOI]
  • Truuver, 2009. Skolekodondid Kalana karjääris. Juh O. Tinn
  • Hints, O., 2008. Kaljoprion - a new enigmatic jawed polychaete genus from the Upper Ordovician of Estonia [DOI]
  • Hints, O. & Eriksson, 2007. Diversification and biogeography of scolecodont-bearing polychaetes in the Ordovician [DOI]
  • Hints, L. et al., 2007a. Hulterstad brachiopods and associated faunas in the Vormsi Stage (Upper Ordovician, Katian) of the Lelle core, Central Estonia
  • Rubel et al., 2007. Lower Silurian biostratigraphy of the Viirelaid core, western Estonia [DOI]
  • Hints, O. & Nõlvak, 2006. Early Ordovician scolecodonts and chitinozoans from Tallinn, North Estonia [DOI]
  • Hints, O. et al., 2006. Frequency patterns of chitinozoans, scolecodonts, and conodonts in the upper Llandovery and lower Wenlock of the Paatsalu core, western Estonia
  • Vinn, 2005b. The tube ultrastructure of serpulids (Annelida, Polychahaeta) Pentaditrypa subtorquata, Cretaceous, and Nogrobs cf. vertebralis, Jurassic, from Germany