Annelids
Phylum Annelida Lamarck, 1809

et: rõngussid; sv: ringmaskar ; fi: nivelmadot;

Taxon ID: 60 / 2013-11-07
Belongs to: Animalia
Sister taxa: Agmata | Pogonophora | Porifera | Cnidaria | Bryozoa | Brachiopoda | Mollusca | Priapulida | Echinodermata | Arthropoda | Hemichordata | Chordata | Animalia Incertae sedis
Contains: Baltichaeta | Machaeridia | Polychaeta
Stratigraphic range: Cambrian
Baltoscandian species (in database): 75

List of Baltoscandian species (may not be complete, up to 1000 species displayed)

  1. Atraktoprion cornutus |
  2. Atraktoprion major |
  3. Atraktoprion mirabilis |
  4. Baltichaeta jormunganda | Lower Cambrian (old nomenclature)
  5. Baltinema rana | Lower Cambrian (old nomenclature)
  6. Conjungaspis minutus | Ordovician → Silurian
  7. Dubichaetaspis bergmani |
  8. Estonioprion maennili | Haljala Stage → Keila Stage
  9. Euryprion rarus |
  10. Gotlandites slitensis | Wenlock
  11. Hadoprion cervicornis |
  12. Incisiprion edentulus | Keila Stage
  13. Incisiprion incisus | Kukruse Stage → Keila Stage
  14. Kadriorgaspis kaisae | Tremadocian
  15. Kaljoprion laevaensis | Nabala Stage
  16. Kalloprion triangularis |
  17. Kettnerites abraham | Llandovery → Wenlock
  18. Kettnerites bankvaetensis | Wenlock → Ludlow
  19. Kettnerites burgensis | Ludlow
  20. Kettnerites fjaelensis | Wenlock → Ludlow
  21. Kettnerites huberti | Wenlock → Ludlow
  22. Kettnerites jacobi | Wenlock
  23. Kettnerites martinssonii | Llandovery → Ludlow
  24. Kettnerites microdentatus | Llandovery → Ludlow
  25. Kettnerites polonensis | Wenlock → Ludlow
  26. Kettnerites siaelsoeensis | Llandovery
  27. Kettnerites sisyphi | Llandovery → Ludlow
  28. Kettnerites versabilis | Llandovery
  29. Kingnites diamondi | Wenlock → Ludlow
  30. Kozlowskiprion brevialatus |
  31. Kozlowskiprion longicavernosus |
  32. Lanceolatites gracilis | Llandovery → Ludlow
  33. Langeites glaber |
  34. Leptoprion artus |
  35. Lunoprionella symmetrica |
  36. Megaramphoprion magnus | Telychian → Ludfordian
  37. Mochtyella cristata |
  38. Mochtyella duplicidentata |
  39. Mochtyella fragilis |
  40. Mochtyella polonica |
  41. Mochtyella pragensis |
  42. Oenonites eichwaldi |
  43. Oenonites gadomskae | Ordovician → Silurian
  44. Oenonites jennyensis | Silurian
  45. Oenonites latus | Upper Ordovician → Silurian
  46. Oenonites olavi |
  47. Oenonites tuberculatus | Upper Ordovician
  48. Oenonites varsoviensis | Ordovician → Silurian
  49. Oenonites wejstorpi |
  50. Oenonites wyszogrodensis | Ordovician → Silurian
  51. Oenonites zappae |
  52. Oenonites? honki |
  53. Pararamphoprion urbaneki |
  54. Pistoprion transitans | Haljala Stage → Silurian
  55. Plumulites eueides | Katian
  56. Protarabellites rectangularis | Sheinwoodian → Ludfordian
  57. Protarabellites staufferi | Telychian → Ludfordian
  58. Protarabellites triangularis | Sheinwoodian → Ludfordian
  59. Pteropelta gladiata | Volkhov Stage → Juuru Stage
  60. Pteropelta huberti | Kukruse Stage → Pirgu Stage
  61. Pteropelta kielanae | Haljala Stage → Keila Stage
  62. Rakvereprion balticus | Upper Ordovician
  63. Ramphoprion bialatus | Upper Ordovician
  64. Ramphoprion elongatus |
  65. Rhytiprion magnus | Middle Ordovician → Silurian
  66. Serpulites kukersianus | Kukruse Stage
  67. Serpulites longissimus | Kukruse Stage
  68. Skalenoprion bugensis |
  69. Symmetroprion spatiosus |
  70. Tetraprion pozaryskae |
  71. Tretoprion astae |
  72. Turrilepas wrightiana |
  73. Vistulella kozlowskii |
  74. Xanioprion borealis |
  75. Xanioprion viivei | Hunneberg Stage

Taxon overview

Annelids are segmented worms (including bristleworms, earthworms and leaches). Being soft-bodied organisms, annelids rarely preserve in fossil record, except those forms that build calcareous tubes or possess jaws. However, annelids, and polychaetes in particular, may have been responsible for making different types of trace fossils.

Selection of related publications

  • Eriksson et al., 2017. Earth’s oldest ‘Bobbit worm’ – gigantism in a Devonian eunicidan polychaete [DOI]
  • Slater et al., 2017. A cryptic record of Burgess Shale-type diversity from the early Cambrian of Baltica [DOI]
  • Hints, O. et al., 2017. Early Middle Ordovician scolecodonts from northwestern Argentina and the emergence of labidognath polychaete jaw apparatuses [DOI]
  • Hints, O. et al., 2016. Late Ordovician jaw-bearing polychaetes from Anticosti Island, eastern Canada, and their biogeographic significance [DOI]
  • Moutinho et al., 2016. Trilobites, scolecodonts and fish remains occurrence and the depositional paleoenvironment of the upper Monte Alegre and lower Itaituba formations, Lower – Middle Pennsylvanian of the Amazonas Basin, Brazil [DOI]
  • Tonarová et al., 2016. Middle Devonian jawed polychaete fauna from the type Eifel area, western Germany, and its biogeographical and evolutionary affinities [DOI]
  • Hints, O. et al., 2015. Late Ordovician scolecodonts from the Qusaiba-1 core hole, central Saudi Arabia, and their paleogeographical affinities [DOI]
  • Tonarova et al., 2014. Impact of the Silurian Ireviken Event on polychaete faunas: new insights from the Viki drill core, western Estonia [DOI]
  • Eriksson et al., 2012. Kingnites diamondi gen. et sp. nov., an exceptionally large Silurian paulinitid (Annelida; Polychaeta) from shallow marine settings of Baltoscandia [DOI]
  • Hints, O. & Eriksson, 2010. Ordovician polychaeturid polychaetes: Taxonomy, distribution and palaeoecology [DOI]
  • Vinther & Briggs, 2009. Machaeridian locomotion
  • Högström et al., 2009. Armoured annelids and molluscs from the Upper Ordovician Boda Limestone, central Sweden [DOI]
  • Truuver, 2009. Skolekodondid Kalana karjääris. Juh O. Tinn
  • Hints, O., 2008. Kaljoprion - a new enigmatic jawed polychaete genus from the Upper Ordovician of Estonia [DOI]
  • Hints, O. & Eriksson, 2007. Diversification and biogeography of scolecodont-bearing polychaetes in the Ordovician [DOI]
  • Rubel et al., 2007. Lower Silurian biostratigraphy of the Viirelaid core, western Estonia [DOI]
  • Hints, L. et al., 2007a. Hulterstad brachiopods and associated faunas in the Vormsi Stage (Upper Ordovician, Katian) of the Lelle core, Central Estonia
  • Hints, O. et al., 2006. Frequency patterns of chitinozoans, scolecodonts, and conodonts in the upper Llandovery and lower Wenlock of the Paatsalu core, western Estonia
  • Hints, O. & Nõlvak, 2006. Early Ordovician scolecodonts and chitinozoans from Tallinn, North Estonia [DOI]
  • Eriksson, 2001. Silurian Ramphoprionid polychaetes from Gotland, Sweden
  • Hints, O., 2000. Ordovician eunicid polychaetes of Estonia and surrounding areas: review of their distribution and diversification
  • Hints, O., 1999b. Two new polychaete families from the Upper Ordovician of Estonia
  • Hints, O., 1998c. Late Viruan (Ordovician) polychaete jaws from North Estonia and the St. Petersburg Region
  • Hints, O., 1998a. Revision of the Ordovician and Silurian ramphoprionid polychaetes from Severnaya Zemlya, Russian Arctic
  • Männil & Zaslavskaya, 1985a. Silurian polychaetes from the northern Siberia