Annelids
Phylum Annelida Lamarck, 1809

et: rõngussid; sv: ringmaskar ; fi: nivelmadot;

Taxon ID: 60 / 2013-11-07
Belongs to: Animalia
Sister taxa: Agmata | Pogonophora | Porifera | Cnidaria | Bryozoa | Brachiopoda | Mollusca | Priapulida | Echinodermata | Arthropoda | Hemichordata | Chordata | Animalia Incertae sedis
Contains: Baltichaeta | Machaeridia | Polychaeta
Stratigraphic range: Cambrian
Baltoscandian species (in database): 74

List of Baltoscandian species (may not be complete, up to 1000 species displayed)

  1. Atraktoprion cornutus |
  2. Atraktoprion major |
  3. Atraktoprion mirabilis |
  4. Baltichaeta jormunganda | Lower Cambrian (old nomenclature)
  5. Conjungaspis minutus | Ordovician → Silurian
  6. Dubichaetaspis bergmani |
  7. Estonioprion maennili | Haljala Stage → Keila Stage
  8. Euryprion rarus |
  9. Gotlandites slitensis | Wenlock
  10. Hadoprion cervicornis |
  11. Incisiprion edentulus | Keila Stage
  12. Incisiprion incisus | Kukruse Stage → Keila Stage
  13. Kadriorgaspis kaisae | Tremadocian
  14. Kaljoprion laevaensis | Nabala Stage
  15. Kalloprion triangularis |
  16. Kettnerites abraham | Llandovery → Wenlock
  17. Kettnerites bankvaetensis | Wenlock → Ludlow
  18. Kettnerites burgensis | Ludlow
  19. Kettnerites fjaelensis | Wenlock → Ludlow
  20. Kettnerites huberti | Wenlock → Ludlow
  21. Kettnerites jacobi | Wenlock
  22. Kettnerites martinssonii | Llandovery → Ludlow
  23. Kettnerites microdentatus | Llandovery → Ludlow
  24. Kettnerites polonensis | Wenlock → Ludlow
  25. Kettnerites siaelsoeensis | Llandovery
  26. Kettnerites sisyphi | Llandovery → Ludlow
  27. Kettnerites versabilis | Llandovery
  28. Kingnites diamondi | Wenlock → Ludlow
  29. Kozlowskiprion brevialatus |
  30. Kozlowskiprion longicavernosus |
  31. Lanceolatites gracilis | Llandovery → Ludlow
  32. Langeites glaber |
  33. Leptoprion artus |
  34. Lunoprionella symmetrica |
  35. Megaramphoprion magnus | Telychian → Ludfordian
  36. Mochtyella cristata |
  37. Mochtyella duplicidentata |
  38. Mochtyella fragilis |
  39. Mochtyella polonica |
  40. Mochtyella pragensis |
  41. Oenonites eichwaldi |
  42. Oenonites gadomskae | Ordovician → Silurian
  43. Oenonites jennyensis | Silurian
  44. Oenonites latus | Upper Ordovician → Silurian
  45. Oenonites olavi |
  46. Oenonites tuberculatus | Upper Ordovician
  47. Oenonites varsoviensis | Ordovician → Silurian
  48. Oenonites wejstorpi |
  49. Oenonites wyszogrodensis | Ordovician → Silurian
  50. Oenonites zappae |
  51. Oenonites? honki |
  52. Pararamphoprion urbaneki |
  53. Pistoprion transitans | Haljala Stage → Silurian
  54. Plumulites eueides | Katian
  55. Protarabellites rectangularis | Sheinwoodian → Ludfordian
  56. Protarabellites staufferi | Telychian → Ludfordian
  57. Protarabellites triangularis | Sheinwoodian → Ludfordian
  58. Pteropelta gladiata | Volkhov Stage → Juuru Stage
  59. Pteropelta huberti | Kukruse Stage → Pirgu Stage
  60. Pteropelta kielanae | Haljala Stage → Keila Stage
  61. Rakvereprion balticus | Upper Ordovician
  62. Ramphoprion bialatus | Upper Ordovician
  63. Ramphoprion elongatus |
  64. Rhytiprion magnus | Middle Ordovician → Silurian
  65. Serpulites kukersianus | Kukruse Stage
  66. Serpulites longissimus | Kukruse Stage
  67. Skalenoprion bugensis |
  68. Symmetroprion spatiosus |
  69. Tetraprion pozaryskae |
  70. Tretoprion astae |
  71. Turrilepas wrightiana |
  72. Vistulella kozlowskii |
  73. Xanioprion borealis |
  74. Xanioprion viivei | Hunneberg Stage

Taxon overview

Annelids are segmented worms (including bristleworms, earthworms and leaches). Being soft-bodied organisms, annelids rarely preserve in fossil record, except those forms that build calcareous tubes or possess jaws. However, annelids, and polychaetes in particular, may have been responsible for making different types of trace fossils.

Selection of related publications

  • Hints, O. et al., 2017. Early Middle Ordovician scolecodonts from northwestern Argentina and the emergence of labidognath polychaete jaw apparatuses [DOI]
  • Eriksson et al., 2017. Earth’s oldest ‘Bobbit worm’ – gigantism in a Devonian eunicidan polychaete [DOI]
  • Slater et al., 2017. A cryptic record of Burgess Shale-type diversity from the early Cambrian of Baltica [DOI]
  • Hints, O. et al., 2016. Late Ordovician jaw-bearing polychaetes from Anticosti Island, eastern Canada, and their biogeographic significance [DOI]
  • Tonarová et al., 2016. Middle Devonian jawed polychaete fauna from the type Eifel area, western Germany, and its biogeographical and evolutionary affinities [DOI]
  • Moutinho et al., 2016. Trilobites, scolecodonts and fish remains occurrence and the depositional paleoenvironment of the upper Monte Alegre and lower Itaituba formations, Lower – Middle Pennsylvanian of the Amazonas Basin, Brazil [DOI]
  • Hints, O. et al., 2015. Late Ordovician scolecodonts from the Qusaiba-1 core hole, central Saudi Arabia, and their paleogeographical affinities [DOI]
  • Tonarova et al., 2014. Impact of the Silurian Ireviken Event on polychaete faunas: new insights from the Viki drill core, western Estonia [DOI]
  • Vinn et al., 2012. Systematics of serpulid tubeworms (Annelida, Polychaeta) from Cretaceous and Cenozoic hydrocarbon-seep deposits in North America and Europe [DOI]
  • Eriksson et al., 2012. Kingnites diamondi gen. et sp. nov., an exceptionally large Silurian paulinitid (Annelida; Polychaeta) from shallow marine settings of Baltoscandia [DOI]
  • Vinn & Wilson, 2010e. Sabellid-dominated shallow water calcareous polychaete tubeworm association from the equatorial Tethys Ocean (Matmor Formation, Middle Jurassic, Israel)
  • Taylor et al., 2010. Raman spectroscopic study of the mineral composition of cirratulid tubes (Annelida, Polychaeta)
  • Hints, O. & Eriksson, 2010. Ordovician polychaeturid polychaetes: Taxonomy, distribution and palaeoecology [DOI]
  • Högström et al., 2009. Armoured annelids and molluscs from the Upper Ordovician Boda Limestone, central Sweden [DOI]
  • Vinther & Briggs, 2009. Machaeridian locomotion
  • Truuver, 2009. Skolekodondid Kalana karjääris. Juh O. Tinn
  • Hints, O., 2008. Kaljoprion - a new enigmatic jawed polychaete genus from the Upper Ordovician of Estonia [DOI]
  • Hints, L. et al., 2007a. Hulterstad brachiopods and associated faunas in the Vormsi Stage (Upper Ordovician, Katian) of the Lelle core, Central Estonia
  • Hints, O. & Eriksson, 2007. Diversification and biogeography of scolecodont-bearing polychaetes in the Ordovician [DOI]
  • Rubel et al., 2007. Lower Silurian biostratigraphy of the Viirelaid core, western Estonia [DOI]
  • Hints, O. et al., 2006. Frequency patterns of chitinozoans, scolecodonts, and conodonts in the upper Llandovery and lower Wenlock of the Paatsalu core, western Estonia
  • Hints, O. & Nõlvak, 2006. Early Ordovician scolecodonts and chitinozoans from Tallinn, North Estonia [DOI]
  • Vinn, 2005b. The tube ultrastructure of serpulids (Annelida, Polychahaeta) Pentaditrypa subtorquata, Cretaceous, and Nogrobs cf. vertebralis, Jurassic, from Germany
  • Eriksson, 2001. Silurian Ramphoprionid polychaetes from Gotland, Sweden