Annelids
Phylum Annelida Lamarck, 1809

et: rõngussid; sv: ringmaskar ; fi: nivelmadot;

Taxon ID: 60 / 2013-11-07
Belongs to: Animalia
Sister taxa: Agmata | Pogonophora | Porifera | Cnidaria | Bryozoa | Brachiopoda | Priapulida | Echinodermata | Arthropoda | Hemichordata | Chordata | Animalia Incertae sedis
Contains: Baltichaeta | Polychaeta | Procoelomata
Stratigraphic range: Cambrian
Baltoscandian species (in database): 76

List of Baltoscandian species (may not be complete, up to 1000 species displayed)

  1. Atraktoprion cornutus |
  2. Atraktoprion major |
  3. Atraktoprion mirabilis |
  4. Baltichaeta jormunganda | Lower Cambrian (old nomenclature)
  5. Conjungaspis minutus | Ordovician → Silurian
  6. Dubichaetaspis bergmani |
  7. Estonioprion maennili | Haljala Stage → Keila Stage
  8. Eunicites ala | Kukruse Stage
  9. Eunicites bekkeri | Kukruse Stage
  10. Euryprion rarus |
  11. Gotlandites slitensis | Wenlock
  12. Hadoprion cervicornis |
  13. Incisiprion edentulus | Keila Stage
  14. Incisiprion incisus | Kukruse Stage → Keila Stage
  15. Kadriorgaspis kaisae | Tremadocian
  16. Kaljoprion laevaensis | Nabala Stage
  17. Kalloprion triangularis |
  18. Kettnerites abraham | Llandovery → Wenlock
  19. Kettnerites bankvaetensis | Wenlock → Ludlow
  20. Kettnerites burgensis | Ludlow
  21. Kettnerites fjaelensis | Wenlock → Ludlow
  22. Kettnerites huberti | Wenlock → Ludlow
  23. Kettnerites jacobi | Wenlock
  24. Kettnerites martinssonii | Llandovery → Ludlow
  25. Kettnerites microdentatus | Llandovery → Ludlow
  26. Kettnerites polonensis | Wenlock → Ludlow
  27. Kettnerites siaelsoeensis | Llandovery
  28. Kettnerites sisyphi | Llandovery → Ludlow
  29. Kettnerites versabilis | Llandovery
  30. Kingnites diamondi | Wenlock → Ludlow
  31. Kozlowskiprion brevialatus |
  32. Kozlowskiprion longicavernosus |
  33. Lanceolatites gracilis | Llandovery → Ludlow
  34. Langeites glaber |
  35. Leptoprion artus |
  36. Lunoprionella symmetrica |
  37. Megaramphoprion magnus | Telychian → Ludfordian
  38. Mochtyella cristata |
  39. Mochtyella duplicidentata |
  40. Mochtyella fragilis |
  41. Mochtyella polonica |
  42. Mochtyella pragensis |
  43. Oenonites eichwaldi |
  44. Oenonites gadomskae | Ordovician → Silurian
  45. Oenonites jennyensis | Silurian
  46. Oenonites latus | Upper Ordovician → Silurian
  47. Oenonites olavi |
  48. Oenonites tuberculatus | Upper Ordovician
  49. Oenonites varsoviensis | Ordovician → Silurian
  50. Oenonites wejstorpi |
  51. Oenonites wyszogrodensis | Ordovician → Silurian
  52. Oenonites zappae |
  53. Oenonites? honki |
  54. Pararamphoprion urbaneki |
  55. Pistoprion transitans | Haljala Stage → Silurian
  56. Plumulites eueides | Katian
  57. Protarabellites rectangularis | Sheinwoodian → Ludfordian
  58. Protarabellites staufferi | Telychian → Ludfordian
  59. Protarabellites triangularis | Sheinwoodian → Ludfordian
  60. Pteropelta gladiata | Volkhov Stage → Juuru Stage
  61. Pteropelta huberti | Kukruse Stage → Pirgu Stage
  62. Pteropelta kielanae | Haljala Stage → Keila Stage
  63. Rakvereprion balticus | Upper Ordovician
  64. Ramphoprion bialatus | Upper Ordovician
  65. Ramphoprion elongatus |
  66. Rhytiprion magnus | Middle Ordovician → Silurian
  67. Serpulites kukersianus | Kukruse Stage
  68. Serpulites longissimus | Kukruse Stage
  69. Skalenoprion bugensis |
  70. Symmetroprion spatiosus |
  71. Tetraprion pozaryskae |
  72. Tretoprion astae |
  73. Turrilepas wrightiana |
  74. Vistulella kozlowskii |
  75. Xanioprion borealis |
  76. Xanioprion viivei | Hunneberg Stage

Taxon overview

Annelids are segmented worms (including bristleworms, earthworms and leaches). Being soft-bodied organisms, annelids rarely preserve in fossil record, except those forms that build calcareous tubes or possess jaws. However, annelids, and polychaetes in particular, may have been responsible for making different types of trace fossils.

Selection of related publications

  • Hints, O. et al., 2017a. Early Middle Ordovician scolecodonts from northwestern Argentina and the emergence of labidognath polychaete jaw apparatuses [DOI]
  • Eriksson et al., 2017. Earth’s oldest ‘Bobbit worm’ – gigantism in a Devonian eunicidan polychaete [DOI]
  • Slater et al., 2017a. A cryptic record of Burgess Shale-type diversity from the early Cambrian of Baltica [DOI]
  • Tonarová et al., 2016. Middle Devonian jawed polychaete fauna from the type Eifel area, western Germany, and its biogeographical and evolutionary affinities [DOI]
  • Hints, O. et al., 2016. Late Ordovician jaw-bearing polychaetes from Anticosti Island, eastern Canada, and their biogeographic significance [DOI]
  • Moutinho et al., 2016. Trilobites, scolecodonts and fish remains occurrence and the depositional paleoenvironment of the upper Monte Alegre and lower Itaituba formations, Lower – Middle Pennsylvanian of the Amazonas Basin, Brazil [DOI]
  • Hints, O. et al., 2015. Late Ordovician scolecodonts from the Qusaiba-1 core hole, central Saudi Arabia, and their paleogeographical affinities [DOI]
  • Tonarová et al., 2014. Impact of the Silurian Ireviken Event on polychaete faunas: new insights from the Viki drill core, western Estonia [DOI]
  • Eriksson et al., 2012. Kingnites diamondi gen. et sp. nov., an exceptionally large Silurian paulinitid (Annelida; Polychaeta) from shallow marine settings of Baltoscandia [DOI]
  • Vinn et al., 2012. Systematics of serpulid tubeworms (Annelida, Polychaeta) from Cretaceous and Cenozoic hydrocarbon-seep deposits in North America and Europe [DOI]
  • Taylor et al., 2010. Raman spectroscopic study of the mineral composition of cirratulid tubes (Annelida, Polychaeta) [DOI]
  • Vinn & Wilson, 2010e. Sabellid-dominated shallow water calcareous polychaete tubeworm association from the equatorial Tethys Ocean (Matmor Formation, Middle Jurassic, Israel) [DOI]
  • Hints, O. & Eriksson, 2010. Ordovician polychaeturid polychaetes: Taxonomy, distribution and palaeoecology [DOI]
  • Högström et al., 2009. Armoured annelids and molluscs from the Upper Ordovician Boda Limestone, central Sweden [DOI]
  • Vinther & Briggs, 2009. Machaeridian locomotion [DOI]
  • Truuver, 2009. Skolekodondid Kalana karjääris. Juh O. Tinn
  • Hints, O., 2008. Kaljoprion - a new enigmatic jawed polychaete genus from the Upper Ordovician of Estonia [DOI]
  • Rubel et al., 2007. Lower Silurian biostratigraphy of the Viirelaid core, western Estonia [DOI]
  • Hints, O. & Eriksson, 2007. Diversification and biogeography of scolecodont-bearing polychaetes in the Ordovician [DOI]
  • Hints, L. et al., 2007a. Hulterstad brachiopods and associated faunas in the Vormsi Stage (Upper Ordovician, Katian) of the Lelle core, Central Estonia
  • Hints, O. & Nõlvak, 2006. Early Ordovician scolecodonts and chitinozoans from Tallinn, North Estonia [DOI]
  • Hints, O. et al., 2006. Frequency patterns of chitinozoans, scolecodonts, and conodonts in the upper Llandovery and lower Wenlock of the Paatsalu core, western Estonia
  • Vinn, 2005b. The tube ultrastructure of serpulids (Annelida, Polychahaeta) Pentaditrypa subtorquata, Cretaceous, and Nogrobs cf. vertebralis, Jurassic, from Germany