Echinodermata

Echinoderms
Phylum Echinodermata Bruguière, 1791 (ex Klein, 1734)

et: okasnahksed; sv: tagghudingar; fi: piikkinahkaiset;

Taxon ID: 93 / 2017-04-19
Belongs to: Animalia
Sister taxa: Agmata | Pogonophora | Porifera | Cnidaria | Bryozoa | Brachiopoda | Mollusca | Priapulida | Annelida | Arthropoda | Hemichordata | Chordata | Animalia Incertae sedis
Contains: Cyclocystoidea | Eleutherozoa | Homoiostelea | Pelmatozoa | Stylophora | Blastozoa
Stratigraphic range: Cambrian Recent | ~ 542,0–0,0 Ma
Baltoscandian species (in database): 457

Selection of related publications

  • Wright & Toom, 2017. New crinoids from the Baltic region (Estonia): fossil tip-dating phylogenetics constrains the origin and Ordovician–Silurian diversification of the Flexibilia (Echinodermata) [DOI]
  • Isakar, 2017. Huvitav leid: kivistunud "kihv"
  • Rozhnov, 2016. Aboral Nervous System in Two Ordovician Crinoids: Reconstruction and Comparison of Baltic Pentamerocrinus Jaekel and Grammocrinus Eichwald [DOI]
  • Paul & Rozhnov, 2016. Revision of Scoliocystis (Rhombifera: Echinoencrinitidae) and related cystoid genera [DOI]
  • Ausich & Wilson, 2016. Llandovery (early Silurian) crinoids from Hiiumaa Island, western Estonia [DOI]
  • Ausich et al., 2015a. Wenlock and Pridoli (Silurian) crinoids from Saaremaa, western Estonia (Phylum Echinodermata) [DOI]
  • Ausich et al., 2015b. Iocrinid Crinoids from the Ordovician of the Baltic Region, Estonia [DOI]
  • Tinn & Ainsaar, 2014. Asterozoan pedicellariae and ossicles revealed from the Middle Ordovician of Baltica. [DOI]
  • Reich & Kutscher, 2014. A new ophiocistoid (Echinodermata) from the Silurian of Gotland, Sweden [DOI]
  • Rozhnov, 2013. A new Genus of Parablastoidea (Echinodermata) from the Middle Ordovician of Ladoga Glint on the Volkhov River (Ladoga Region) [DOI]
  • Rozhnov, 2012. Reinterpretation of Baltic Ordovician Heckerites multistellatus Rozhnov, 1987 as a possible paracrinoid based on new material
  • Vinn & Wilson, 2012a. Encrustation and bioerosion on late Sheinwoodian (Wenlock, Silurian) stromatoporoids from Saaremaa, Estonia
  • Ausich et al., 2012. Crinoids from the Silurian of Western Estonia [DOI]
  • Rozhnov, 2007. New data on perittocrinids and hybocrinids (Crinoidea, Echinodermata) from the Middle Ordovician of the Baltic region [DOI]
  • Blake & Rozhnov, 2007. Aspects of life mode among Ordovician asteroids: Implications of new specimen from Baltica
  • Hansen et al., 2005. Starfish from the Ordovician of the Oslo Region, Norway
  • Shackleton, 2005. Skeletal homologies, phylogeny and classification of the earliest Asterozoan echinoderms [DOI]
  • Rozhnov & Fedorov, 2001. A New Cryptocrinid Genus (Eocrinoidea, Echinodermata) from the Bioherm-related Volkhov Facies (Late Arenigian, Ordovician), Leningrad Region
  • Stukalina, 2000a. Silurian crinoids of Siberian Platform
  • Rozhnov, 1990a. Morphology and systematic position of Middle Ordovician Virucrinus Rozhnov gen. nov. (Crinoidea, Inadunata, Disparida) from North Estonia
  • Stukalina & Hints, L., 1989. On the morphology and systematics of Achradocystites (Paracrinoidea)
  • Hints, L. et al., 1989a. Peculiar crinoid holdfasts from the Ordovician of Estonia
  • Rozhnov et al., 1989. Pisocrinid crinoids from the Lower Silurian of the East Baltic
  • Kõrts, 1989. Brachiolar plates of Bockia (Eocrinoidea) from the Middle Ordovician of Estonia and Leningrad Region
  • Stukalina, 1988. Studies in Paleozoic crinoid-columnals and -stems
  • Stukalina & Hints, L., 1987. Columnals of echinoderms with condylial articulation ( the Ordovician of the Baltic area)