Echinodermata

Echinoderms
Phylum Echinodermata Bruguière, 1791

et: okasnahksed; sv: tagghudingar; fi: piikkinahkaiset;

Taxon ID: 93 / 2018-03-05
Belongs to: Animalia
Sister taxa: Agmata | Chaetognatha | Pogonophora | Porifera | Cnidaria | Bryozoa | Brachiopoda | Mollusca | Priapulida | Annelida | Arthropoda | Hemichordata | Chordata | Animalia Incertae sedis
Contains: Cyclocystoidea | Eleutherozoa | Homoiostelea | Pelmatozoa | Stylophora | Blastozoa
Stratigraphic range: Cambrian Recent | ~ 542,0–0,0 Ma
Baltoscandian species (in database): 459

List of Baltoscandian species (may not be complete, up to 1000 species displayed)

  1. Acanthodocrinus magnispinosus | Vormsi Stage
  2. Acanthodocrinus rakverensis | Rakvere Stage
  3. Achradocystites grewingkii | Oandu Stage
  4. Achradocystites heckeri | Oandu Stage
  5. Achradocystites schmidti | Keila Stage → Oandu Stage
  6. Amorphocystis esthoniae | Ordovician → Silurian
  7. Anarchocrinus? rossicus | Upper Ordovician
  8. Anisocrinus interradiatus | upper Silurian
  9. Anthinocrinus luchi | Kaugatuma Stage
  10. Apiastrum unicum | Vormsi Stage
  11. Apycnodiscus insularis | Wenlock
  12. Archaegocystis granulata | Katian → Hirnantian
  13. Artificiosocrinus artificiosus | Volkhov Stage → Kunda Stage
  14. Asericrinus aseriensis | Aseri Stage
  15. Asperellacystis asperellus | Oandu Stage
  16. Asperellacystis plicatus | Oandu Stage
  17. Asteroblastus foveolatus | Kunda Stage
  18. Asteroblastus regularis | Kunda Stage
  19. Asteroblastus sublaevis | Kunda Stage
  20. Asteroblastus volborthi | Kunda Stage
  21. Asterocrinus münsteri | Kunda Stage
  22. Asterocystis globulus |
  23. Asterocystis tuberculatus | Kunda Stage
  24. Babanicrinus kegelensis | Idavere Substage → Keila Stage
  25. Babanicrinus pentaporus | Kunda Stage
  26. Babinocystis dilabidus | Volkhov Stage
  27. Baerocrinus parvus | Lower Ordovician
  28. Baerocrinus ungerni | Uhaku Stage → Kukruse Stage
  29. Baltocrinus antiquus | Lasnamägi Stage → Oandu Stage
  30. Baltocrinus balticus | Kunda Stage
  31. Baltocrinus decorus | Middle Ordovician
  32. Baltocrinus hrevicaensis | Jõhvi Substage
  33. Baltocrinus lobatus | Uhaku Stage → Jõhvi Substage
  34. Baltocrinus quttaeformis | Jõhvi Substage
  35. Baltocrinus rostovensis | Kukruse Stage
  36. Baltocrinus serratus | Uhaku Stage
  37. Barrandeocrinus sceptrum | Wenlock
  38. Blastocystis rossica | Kunda Stage
  39. Bodacrinus columnus | Katian
  40. Bolboporites (Ambliporites) lamanskii | Kunda Stage
  41. Bolboporites (Ambliporites) regnelli | Aseri Stage → Uhaku Stage
  42. Bolboporites (Ambliporites) semiglobosus | Volkhov Stage → Kunda Stage
  43. Bolboporites (Ambliporites) triangularis | Volkhov Stage → Kunda Stage
  44. Bolboporites (Bolboporites) elongatus | Volkhov Stage
  45. Bolboporites (Bolboporites) fungiformis | Kunda Stage → Aseri Stage
  46. Bolboporites (Bolboporites) mitralis | Volkhov Stage → Kunda Stage
  47. Bolboporites (Bolboporites) uncinatus | Volkhov Stage → Kunda Stage
  48. Bolboporites (Bolboporites) yeltishevae | Volkhov Stage
  49. Bolboporites (Stelloporites) stellifer | Aseri Stage
  50. Bothriocidaris eichwaldi | Pirgu Stage
  51. Bothriocidaris globulus | Pirgu Stage
  52. Bothriocidaris pahleni | Jõhvi Substage
  53. Bothriocidaris parvus | Vormsi Stage
  54. Botryocrinus cucurbitaceus | Silurian
  55. Botryocrinus ramosissimus | upper Silurian
  56. Briarocrinus angustus | upper Silurian
  57. Briarocrinus inflatus | upper Silurian
  58. Bystrowicrinus parvirugosus | Nabala Stage
  59. Bystrowicrinus primarius | Rakvere Stage
  60. Calceocrinus balticensis | Juuru Stage
  61. Calpiocrinus ovatus | Wenlock
  62. Calpiocrinus rotundatus | Wenlock
  63. Carabocrinus esthonus | Keila Stage
  64. Carpocrinus affinis | Silurian
  65. Carpocrinus angelini | Ludlow
  66. Carpocrinus annulatus | Wenlock
  67. Carpocrinus cariosulus | Wenlock
  68. Carpocrinus comtus | Silurian
  69. Carpocrinus dacadactylus | Wenlock
  70. Carpocrinus farctus | Wenlock
  71. Carpocrinus grandis | Silurian
  72. Carpocrinus granulatus | Wenlock
  73. Carpocrinus laevis | Wenlock
  74. Carpocrinus longimanus | Wenlock
  75. Carpocrinus ornatissimus | Wenlock
  76. Carpocrinus ornatus | Wenlock
  77. Carpocrinus petilus | Ludlow
  78. Carpocrinus pinnulatus | Wenlock
  79. Carpocrinus pulchellus | Wenlock
  80. Carpocrinus robustus | Wenlock
  81. Carpocrinus tenuis | Wenlock
  82. Carpocrinus umbonatus | Wenlock
  83. Caryocrinites septentrionalis | Katian
  84. Caryocystites dubius | Sandbian
  85. Caryocystites esthoniae | Ordovician → Silurian
  86. Caryocystites laevis | Lower Ordovician
  87. Caryocystites lagenalis | Katian
  88. Caryocystites rugosus | Katian
  89. Caryocystites thorsundi | Katian
  90. Caryocystites valdari | Sandbian
  91. Caryocystites variabilis | Katian → lower Silurian
  92. Celticystis gotlandicus | Wenlock
  93. Cheirocrinus atavus | Kunda Stage
  94. Cheirocrinus giganteus | Volkhov Stage → Kunda Stage
  95. Cheirocrinus granulatus | Uhaku Stage → Kukruse Stage
  96. Cheirocrinus holmi | Middle Ordovician
  97. Cheirocrinus hyperboreus | Middle Ordovician
  98. Cheirocrinus interruptus | Ordovician
  99. Cheirocrinus leuchtenbergi | Ordovician
  100. Cheirocrinus nodosus | Ordovician
  101. Cheirocrinus penniger | Kunda Stage
  102. Cheirocrinus radiatus | Kunda Stage
  103. Cheirocrinus volborthi | Kunda Stage → Kukruse Stage
  104. Cicerocrinus elegans | Přidoli
  105. Cicerocrinus osiliensis | Ohesaare Stage
  106. Cicerocrinus scanicus | Ohesaare Stage
  107. Clidochirus pyrum | Wenlock
  108. Clonocrinus coroliferus | Wenlock
  109. Clonocrinus grandis | Wenlock
  110. Clonocrinus grandistellatus | Wenlock
  111. Clonocrinus klintbergi | Wenlock
  112. Clonocrinus laevis | Wenlock
  113. Clonocrinus panderi | Wenlock
  114. Clonocrinus polydactylus | Ludlow
  115. Cnemidactis osloensis | Middle Ordovician
  116. Cornucrinus longicornis | Katian
  117. Cornucrinus mirus | Katian
  118. Crenatocrinus biplex | Kunda Stage
  119. Crenatocrinus obliquus | Upper Ordovician
  120. Crenatocrinus vormsiensis | Vormsi Stage
  121. Crotalocrinites pulcher | Wenlock
  122. Crotalocrinites rugosus | upper Silurian
  123. Crotalocrinites verucosus |
  124. Cryptocrinites laevis | Aseri Stage → Uhaku Stage
  125. Cryptocrinites? similis | Lower Ordovician
  126. Ctenocrinus gottlandicus | Ludfordian
  127. Ctenocrinus spectabilis | Silurian
  128. Cyathocystis plautinae | Uhaku Stage
  129. Cyathocystis rhizopora | Keila Stage → Oandu Stage
  130. Cyathotheca corallum | Kunda Stage
  131. Cyathotheca suecica | Katian
  132. Cyclocyclicus crystalliferus | Kunda Stage
  133. Cyclocyclicus raikulaensis | Raikküla Stage
  134. Cyclocyclicus ungulatus | Idavere Substage
  135. Cyclocyclicus variabilis | Volkhov Stage
  136. Cyclomonile denticulata | Vormsi Stage
  137. Cyclopagoda alikhovae | Vormsi Stage
  138. Cyclopagoda anulata | Nabala Stage
  139. Cyclopagoda tubuliforma | Vormsi Stage
  140. Cyliocrinus rigidus | upper Silurian
  141. Cyliocrinus scolopendra | upper Silurian
  142. Cystoblastus kokeni | Kukruse Stage
  143. Cystoblastus leuchtenbergi | Kunda Stage
  144. Dactylocystis schmidti | Keila Stage → Oandu Stage
  145. Dendrocystites rossicus | Kunda Stage
  146. Dentiferocrinus coronoideus | Upper Ordovician
  147. Dentiferocrinus pirguensis | Pirgu Stage
  148. Dentiferocrinus vermiculatus | Nabala Stage
  149. Dentiferocrinus visendus | Nabala Stage
  150. Dentiferocrinus wychmaensis | Nabala Stage
  151. Desmidocrinus heterodactylus | Wenlock
  152. Desmidocrinus laevigatus | Äigu Beds
  153. Desmidocrinus macrodactylus | Wenlock
  154. Desmidocrinus pentadactylus | Wenlock → Ludlow
  155. Desmidocrinus pjriensis | Porkuni Stage
  156. Desmidocrinus tridactylus | Wenlock
  157. Dianthicoeloma monile | Hunneberg Stage → Kunda Stage
  158. Dwortsowaecrinus quadrihamatus | Vormsi Stage
  159. Echinoencrinites angulosus compta | Volkhov Stage → Kunda Stage
  160. Echinoencrinites angulosus quadrata | Kunda Stage
  161. Echinoencrinites interlaevigatus | Kunda Stage
  162. Echinoencrinites laevigatus | Volkhov Stage → Kunda Stage
  163. Echinoencrinites reticulatus | Kunda Stage
  164. Echinoencrinites senckenbergii | Kunda Stage
  165. Echinoencrinites senckenbergii acutangulatus | Middle Ordovician
  166. Echinoencrinites simplicatus | Kunda Stage
  167. Echinoencrinites sphaeroidalis | Kunda Stage
  168. Echinosphaerites aurantium | Aseri Stage → Idavere Substage
  169. Echinosphaerites aurantium aurantium | Sandbian
  170. Echinosphaerites aurantium infrum | Aseri Stage
  171. Echinosphaerites aurantium suecicus | Middle Ordovician
  172. Echinosphaerites aurantium suprum | Uhaku Stage
  173. Echinosphaerites difformis | Idavere Substage
  174. Echinosphaerites ellipticus | Kunda Stage
  175. Echinosphaerites globosus | Ordovician
  176. Echinosphaerites grandis | Sandbian → Katian
  177. Echinosphaerites pirum | Idavere Substage
  178. Echinosphaerites pogrebovi | Uhaku Stage → Kukruse Stage
  179. Enallocrinus assulosus | Wenlock → Ludlow
  180. Enallocrinus scriptus | Wenlock
  181. Equitanicrinus equitans | Aseri Stage
  182. Erinocystis angulata | Kunda Stage
  183. Erinocystis broeggeri | Middle Ordovician
  184. Erinocystis sculpta | Kunda Stage
  185. Erinocystis volborthi | Kunda Stage
  186. Esthonocrinus laevior | Haljala Stage
  187. Estoniaster maennili | Keila Stage
  188. Estonocystis antropoffi | Haljala Stage
  189. Eucalyptocrinites decoratus | Wenlock
  190. Eucalyptocrinites elegantissimus | Wenlock
  191. Eucalyptocrinites excellentissimus | Wenlock
  192. Eucalyptocrinites minor | Wenlock
  193. Eucalyptocrinites ovatus | Wenlock
  194. Eucalyptocrinites plebejus | Wenlock
  195. Eucalyptocrinites regularis | Wenlock
  196. Eucalyptocrinites rigens | Wenlock
  197. Eucalyptocrinites speciosus | Wenlock
  198. Eucalyptocrinites tumidus | Kaugatuma Stage
  199. Eucystis acuminata | Katian → Hirnantian
  200. Eucystis angelini | Katian → Hirnantian
  201. Eucystis langoeyensis | Hirnantian
  202. Eucystis quadrangularis | Katian → Hirnantian
  203. Eucystis raripunctata | Katian → Hirnantian
  204. Eutretocystis acutirostris | Kunda Stage
  205. Eutretocystis similis | Kunda Stage
  206. Flabellicystis kuusikuensis | Oandu Stage
  207. Fossulacrinus fossulus | Oandu Stage → Nabala Stage
  208. Fusicystis magnificus |
  209. Gadovocrinus ovalis | Volkhov Stage
  210. Gammocrinus lineatus brevia | Volkhov Stage → Kunda Stage
  211. Gissocrinus campanula | upper Silurian
  212. Gissocrinus typus | upper Silurian
  213. Gissocrinus verrucosus | Wenlock
  214. Glaphyrocystis compressa | Nabala Stage
  215. Glaphyrocystis woehrmanni | Vormsi Stage
  216. Glyptocrinus elegans | lower Silurian
  217. Glyptocrinus elegans jaani | Adavere Stage → Jaani Stage
  218. Glyptosphaerites leuchtenbergi | Kunda Stage → Uhaku Stage
  219. Glyptosphaerites suecicus | Upper Ordovician
  220. Gonocrinites angulosus | Volkhov Stage → Kunda Stage
  221. Gonocrinites lahuseni | Kunda Stage
  222. Gothocrinus gracilis | Silurian
  223. Gotlandechinus balticus | Ludlow
  224. Grammocrinus lineatus | Volkhov Stage → Kunda Stage
  225. Grammocrinus tuberculatus | Volkhov Stage
  226. Haereticotaxocrinus asper | Ludlow
  227. Haereticotaxocrinus oblongatus | Wenlock
  228. Haplosphaeronis bratterudensis | Middle Ordovician
  229. Haplosphaeronis kiaeri | Upper Ordovician
  230. Haplosphaeronis oblonga | Upper Ordovician
  231. Heckericystis kuckersiana | Idavere Substage → Kukruse Stage
  232. Heckerites multistellatus | Sandbian → Katian
  233. Heckerocrinus cucumis | Idavere Substage
  234. Heckerocrinus grava | Ordovician
  235. Heckerocrinus heintzi | Darriwilian
  236. Heckerocrinus laevis | Kukruse Stage → Idavere Substage
  237. Heckerocrinus mirabilis | Lower Ordovician
  238. Heckerocrinus neglecta | Volkhov Stage → Uhaku Stage
  239. Heckerocrinus skulptus | Kunda Stage → Aseri Stage
  240. Heliocrinites angustiporus | Katian
  241. Heliocrinites araneus | Aseri Stage → Uhaku Stage
  242. Heliocrinites balticus | Uhaku Stage → Kukruse Stage
  243. Heliocrinites granatum | Sandbian
  244. Heliocrinites guttaeformis | Darriwilian → Katian
  245. Heliocrinites laevis | Uhaku Stage
  246. Heliocrinites ovalis | Sandbian → Katian
  247. Heliocrinites ovum | Ordovician
  248. Heliocrinites prominens | Upper Ordovician
  249. Hemicosmites altus | Keila Stage
  250. Hemicosmites extraneus | Jõhvi Substage → Oandu Stage
  251. Hemicosmites grandis | Porkuni Stage
  252. Hemicosmites malum | Aseri Stage → Uhaku Stage
  253. Hemicosmites oblongus | Aseri Formation → Uhaku Stage
  254. Hemicosmites oelandicus | Sandbian
  255. Hemicosmites papaveris | Katian
  256. Hemicosmites pocillum | Jõhvi Substage
  257. Hemicosmites pulcherrimus | Oandu Stage
  258. Hemicosmites pyriformis | Ordovician
  259. Hemicosmites rudis | Keila Stage
  260. Hemicosmites sculptus | Hirnantian
  261. Hemicosmites sphaericus | Sandbian
  262. Hemicosmites variabilis | Katian → Hirnantian
  263. Hemicosmites verneuili |
  264. Hemicosmites verrucosus | Harju Series
  265. Hemistreptocrinus babiensis | Volkhov Stage
  266. Hemistreptocrinus jaekeli | Kunda Stage → Uhaku Stage
  267. Herpetocrinus flabellicrinus | Llandovery
  268. Herpetocrinus fletcheri | Llandovery
  269. Herpetocystis spinosus | Aseri Stage → Uhaku Stage
  270. Herpetocystis vajgatschensis | Jõhvi Substage → Oandu Stage
  271. Homalocrinus liljevalli |
  272. Homocystites degener | Volkhov Stage
  273. Homocystites insignis | Kunda Stage
  274. Homocystites sculptus | Volkhov Stage
  275. Homocystites striatus | Kunda Stage
  276. Hoplocrinus dalecarlicus | Ordovician
  277. Hoplocrinus dipentas | Aseri Stage → Lasnamägi Stage
  278. Hoplocrinus estonus | Kukruse Stage → Idavere Substage
  279. Hoplocrinus grewingki | Kukruse Stage
  280. Hoplocrinus heckeri | Uhaku Stage → Idavere Substage
  281. Hoplocrinus laevis | Idavere Substage → Keila Stage
  282. Hoplocrinus oanduensis | Oandu Stage
  283. Hoplocrinus pseudodicyclicus | Kukruse Stage → Idavere Substage
  284. Hoplocrinus symmetricus | Kukruse Stage
  285. Hoplocrinus tallinnensis | Kukruse Stage
  286. Hoplocrinus tuberculatus | Keila Stage
  287. Hoplocrinus vasalemmaensis | Keila Stage
  288. Ichtyocrinus gotlandicus |
  289. Icthyocrinus pyriformis | Wenlock
  290. Iocrinus comptus | Upper Ordovician
  291. Iocrinus mjannili | Vormsi Stage
  292. Iocrinus vostokovae | Vormsi Stage
  293. Iocrinus wesenbergensis | Rakvere Stage
  294. Irucrinus antiquus | Kunda Stage
  295. Kosachenkoastrus volkhovensis | Kunda Stage
  296. Lanternarius latens | Wenlock
  297. Linguaserra franzenae | Telychian
  298. Lovenicystis angelini | Ludlow
  299. Maennilia estonica | Keila Stage
  300. Maennilicrinus concinnus | Volkhov Stage
  301. Maennilocystis heckeri | Oandu Stage
  302. Malovicrinus janischewakii | Pirgu Stage
  303. Meristocrinus interbrachiatus | upper Silurian
  304. Mesocystis pusirefskii | Volkhov Stage → Kunda Stage
  305. Metabolocrinus laevigatus | Kaugatuma Stage
  306. Metabolocrinus rossicus | Keila Stage
  307. Methabocrinus erraticus | Silurian
  308. Methabocrinus laevigatus | Äigu Beds
  309. Monocycloides oelandicus | Volkhov Stage
  310. Musicrinus bodae | Katian
  311. Myelodactylus ammonis | Llandovery
  312. Myelodactylus convolutus | Llandovery
  313. Neobothriocidaris minor |
  314. Neobothriocidaris peculiaris | Ordovician
  315. Neorhipidocystis oepiki | Kukruse Stage → Jõhvi Substage
  316. Nonparactocrinus laevis | Aseri Stage → Uhaku Stage
  317. Oanducystis excisus | Keila Stage
  318. Oanducystis levis | Upper Ordovician
  319. Pachycephalocrinus jaanussoni | Pirgu Stage
  320. Pachycystis norvegica | Hirnantian
  321. Paerticrinus arvosus | Juuru Stage
  322. Palasterina antiqua | Ludlow
  323. Paracryptocrinites bockeliei | Volkhov Stage
  324. Paractocrinus tuberculatus | Volkhov Stage → Oandu Stage
  325. Paracystis ostrogothicus | Sandbian
  326. Paramelocrinus angelini | Silurian
  327. Parapisocrinus ollula | Wenlock → Ludlow
  328. Parapisocrinus ollula ollula | Wenlock → Ludlow
  329. Parasphaeronites socialis | Hirnantian
  330. Parorthocrinus liber | Volkhov Stage → Kunda Stage
  331. Patelliocrinus chiastodactylus |
  332. Patelliocrinus duplicatus | Silurian
  333. Patelliocrinus fulminatus | Wenlock
  334. Patelliocrinus interradiatus | Silurian
  335. Patelliocrinus laptodactylus | Silurian
  336. Patelliocrinus pachydactylus | Wenlock
  337. Patelliocrinus pinnulatus |
  338. Patelliocrinus plumulosus | Wenlock
  339. Patelliocrinus punctuosus | Silurian
  340. Pentagonocyclicus bifidus | Volkhov Stage
  341. Pentagonocyclicus concentricus | Volkhov Stage
  342. Pentagonocyclicus constrictus | Volkhov Stage
  343. Pentagonocyclicus inaequalis | Keila Stage → Oandu Stage
  344. Pentagonocyclicus stellatus | Kunda Stage
  345. Pentagonocyclicus subhelenae | Wenlock
  346. Pentamerocrinus kosovi | Aseri Stage
  347. Pentamerocrinus praematurus | Middle Ordovician
  348. Periechocrinus grandisulcatus | Silurian
  349. Periechocrinus laevis | Wenlock
  350. Periechocrinus lindströemi | Silurian
  351. Periechocrinus longidigitatus | Ludlow
  352. Periechocrinus longimanus | Jaani Stage
  353. Periechocrinus major | Wenlock
  354. Periechocrinus multicostatus | Ludlow
  355. Periechocrinus nubilus | Silurian
  356. Periechocrinus radiatus | Silurian
  357. Periechocrinus schulzianus | Silurian
  358. Periechocrinus undulatus |
  359. Perittocrinus radiatus | Kunda Stage
  360. Pisocrinus (Granulosocrinus) lanceatus | Jaagarahu Stage
  361. Pisocrinus (Pisocrinus) pilula | Jaagarahu Stage
  362. Pisocrinus (Pisocrinus) trialobus | Jaagarahu Formation → Jaagarahu Stage
  363. Pisocrinus (Pocillocrinus) pocillum | Wenlock
  364. Pisocrinus (Pocillocrinus) rubeli | Jaani Stage
  365. Pisocrinus (Pocillocrinus) ubaghsi | Wenlock
  366. Placocystites forbesianus | Wenlock
  367. Plussacrinus dentatus | Aseri Stage → Uhaku Stage
  368. Plussacrinus flabellum | Jõhvi Substage
  369. Polypeltes granulatus | Silurian
  370. Polyptychella esthona | Kukruse Stage
  371. Polytryphocycloides lindströmi | Wenlock
  372. Porcunicrinus octonarius | Porkuni Stage
  373. Proctocystis monstruosa | Ordovician
  374. Promelocrinus fulminatus | Wenlock
  375. Promelocrinus radiatus | Wenlock
  376. Protaxocrinus distensis |
  377. Protaxocrinus interbrachiatus | Wenlock
  378. Protaxocrinus ovalis | Wenlock → Ludlow
  379. Protaxocrinus salteri | Wenlock
  380. Protocrinites fragum | Kunda Stage
  381. Protocrinites oviformis | Jõhvi Substage
  382. Protocrinites rugatus | Upper Ordovician
  383. Protocrinites yakovlevi | Lower Ordovician
  384. Prunocystites fletcheri | Wenlock
  385. Putilovocrinus fundatus | Volkhov Stage
  386. Pyrgocystis cylindrica | Sheinwoodian
  387. Pyrgocystis gracilis | Volkhov Stage
  388. Pyrgocystis granulata | Wenlock
  389. Pyrgocystis procera | Sheinwoodian
  390. Pyrgocystis pulkovi | Kunda Stage
  391. Pyrgocystis sulcata | Wenlock
  392. Pyrgocystis varia | Wenlock
  393. Pyrgocystis volborthi | Volkhov Stage
  394. Revalocrinus costatus | Aseri Stage
  395. Revalocystis mickwitzi | Keila Stage → Oandu Stage
  396. Rhipidocystis baltica | Volkhov Stage → Kunda Stage
  397. Rhipidocystis batheri | Aseri Stage → Uhaku Stage
  398. Rhipidocystis concentricus | Volkhov Stage
  399. Rhipidocystis esthona | Kukruse Stage
  400. Rhipidocystis gigas | Volkhov Stage → Kunda Stage
  401. Rhipidocystis norvegica | Upper Ordovician
  402. Rhipidocystis robusta | Jõhvi Substage
  403. Ristnacrinus marinus | Uhaku Stage → Keila Stage
  404. Ristnacrinus oepiki | Keila Stage
  405. Ristnacrinus svedasensis | Rakvere Stage → Nabala Stage
  406. Rookuelacrinus notabilis | Oandu Stage
  407. Rugulosocrinus rugulosus | Oandu Stage
  408. Saaremaacrinus estoniensis | Kaugatuma Stage
  409. Sakucrinus krossi | Oandu Stage
  410. Schizocrinus kuckersiensis | Kukruse Stage
  411. Schizocrinus nodosus | Lasnamägi Stage → Kukruse Stage
  412. Scoliocystis pumila | Kunda Stage
  413. Scoliocystis thersites | Ordovician
  414. Shaldichocrinus ladogensis | Volkhov Stage
  415. Silurocidaris clavata | Ludlow
  416. Simonkovicrinus reticulatus | Volkhov Stage → Kunda Stage
  417. Simplocrinus crassiformis | Volkhov Stage → Kunda Stage
  418. Sokolovicrinus estonus |
  419. Sokolovicrinus lesnikovae | Volkhov Stage
  420. Sphaeronites (Peritaphros) globulus | Sandbian → Katian
  421. Sphaeronites (Peritaphros) pauciscleritatus | Upper Ordovician
  422. Sphaeronites (Peritaphros) variabilis | Katian
  423. Sphaeronites (Sphaeronites) minor | Dapingian → Darriwilian
  424. Sphaeronites (Sphaeronites) pomum | Darriwilian
  425. Sphenocrinus iruensis | Kunda Stage
  426. Sphenocrinus multisulcatus | Volkhov Stage
  427. Sphenocrinus obtusus | Volkhov Stage → Kunda Stage
  428. Sphenocrinus quinquevalatus | Volkhov Stage
  429. Sphenocrinus rarisulcatus | Volkhov Stage
  430. Squameocrinus privus | Volkhov Stage → Kunda Stage
  431. Stelidiocrinus capitulum | upper Silurian
  432. Stelidiocrinus laevis | upper Silurian
  433. Stephanocrinus angulatus | upper Silurian
  434. Stichocystis alutacea | Middle Ordovician
  435. Stichocystis geometrica | Jõhvi Substage → Keila Stage
  436. Stromatocystites balticus | Cambrian
  437. Teicherticrinus angulatus | Idavere Substage → Keila Stage
  438. Tetracionocrinus transitor | Kunda Stage
  439. Tetractocrinus compactus | Volkhov Stage → Kunda Stage
  440. Tetragonocrinus pygmaeus | Lower Ordovician
  441. Tetreucystis elongata | Katian
  442. Tetreucystis kalvoeyensis | Katian
  443. Tetreucystis tetrabrachiolata | Katian → Hirnantian
  444. Tintinnabulicrinus estoniensis | Keila Stage
  445. Tormoblastus bodae | Upper Ordovician → lower Silurian
  446. Tricosmites tricornis | Porkuni Stage
  447. Urasterella ruthveni | Wenlock → Ludlow
  448. Urasterella ruthveni leintwardinensis | Wenlock → Ludlow
  449. Velocrinus coniculus | Äigu Beds
  450. Vialovicystis gradatus | Kunda Stage
  451. Virucrinus hintsae | Keila Stage
  452. Virucrinus kegelensis | Keila Stage
  453. Volchovia mobilis | Volkhov Stage → Kunda Stage
  454. Volchovia norvegica | Middle Ordovician
  455. Volchovia volborthi | Kunda Stage
  456. Xenocrinus probatus | Rakvere Stage → Vormsi Stage
  457. Xenocrinus quadrilobatus | Oandu Stage
  458. Xenocrinus tapaensis | Vormsi Stage
  459. Yeltyschewaecrinus stella | Kukruse Stage

Visual identification guide (Echinodermata)

Echinodermata
Echinodermata
Echinodermata
Echinodermata
Echinodermata
Echinodermata
Echinodermata
Echinodermata
Echinodermata
Echinodermata
Echinodermata
Echinodermata
Echinodermata
Echinodermata
Echinodermata
Echinodermata
Echinodermata
Echinodermata
Echinodermata
Echinodermata
Echinodermata

Selection of related publications

  • Cole & Toom, 2018. New camerate crinoid genera from the Upper Ordovician (Katian) of Estonia: evolutionary origin of family Opsiocrinidae and a phylogenetic assessment of Ordovician Monobathrida [DOI]
  • Wright & Toom, 2017. New crinoids from the Baltic region (Estonia): fossil tip-dating phylogenetics constrains the origin and Ordovician–Silurian diversification of the Flexibilia (Echinodermata) [DOI]
  • Paul & Rozhnov, 2016. Revision of Scoliocystis (Rhombifera: Echinoencrinitidae) and related cystoid genera [DOI]
  • Ausich & Wilson, 2016. Llandovery (early Silurian) crinoids from Hiiumaa Island, western Estonia [DOI]
  • Rozhnov, 2016. Aboral Nervous System in Two Ordovician Crinoids: Reconstruction and Comparison of Baltic Pentamerocrinus Jaekel and Grammocrinus Eichwald [DOI]
  • Ausich et al., 2015a. Wenlock and Pridoli (Silurian) crinoids from Saaremaa, western Estonia (Phylum Echinodermata) [DOI]
  • Ausich et al., 2015b. Iocrinid Crinoids from the Ordovician of the Baltic Region, Estonia [DOI]
  • Tinn & Ainsaar, 2014. Asterozoan pedicellariae and ossicles revealed from the Middle Ordovician of Baltica. [DOI]
  • Reich & Kutscher, 2014. A new ophiocistoid (Echinodermata) from the Silurian of Gotland, Sweden [DOI]
  • Rozhnov, 2013. A new Genus of Parablastoidea (Echinodermata) from the Middle Ordovician of Ladoga Glint on the Volkhov River (Ladoga Region) [DOI]
  • Ausich et al., 2012. Crinoids from the Silurian of Western Estonia [DOI]
  • Rozhnov, 2012. Reinterpretation of Baltic Ordovician Heckerites multistellatus Rozhnov, 1987 as a possible paracrinoid based on new material [DOI]
  • Vinn & Wilson, 2012a. Encrustation and bioerosion on late Sheinwoodian (Wenlock, Silurian) stromatoporoids from Saaremaa, Estonia [DOI]
  • Rozhnov, 2007. New data on perittocrinids and hybocrinids (Crinoidea, Echinodermata) from the Middle Ordovician of the Baltic region [DOI]
  • Blake & Rozhnov, 2007. Aspects of life mode among Ordovician asteroids: Implications of new specimen from Baltica
  • Hansen et al., 2005. Starfish from the Ordovician of the Oslo Region, Norway
  • Shackleton, 2005. Skeletal homologies, phylogeny and classification of the earliest Asterozoan echinoderms [DOI]
  • Rozhnov & Fedorov, 2001. A New Cryptocrinid Genus (Eocrinoidea, Echinodermata) from the Bioherm-related Volkhov Facies (Late Arenigian, Ordovician), Leningrad Region
  • Rozhnov, 1990a. Morphology and systematic position of Middle Ordovician Virucrinus Rozhnov gen. nov. (Crinoidea, Inadunata, Disparida) from North Estonia
  • Hints, L. et al., 1989a. Peculiar crinoid holdfasts from the Ordovician of Estonia
  • Stukalina & Hints, L., 1989. On the morphology and systematics of Achradocystites (Paracrinoidea)
  • Kõrts, 1989. Brachiolar plates of Bockia (Eocrinoidea) from the Middle Ordovician of Estonia and Leningrad Region
  • Rozhnov et al., 1989. Pisocrinid crinoids from the Lower Silurian of the East Baltic
  • Stukalina, 1988. Studies in Paleozoic crinoid-columnals and -stems
  • Stukalina & Hints, L., 1987. Columnals of echinoderms with condylial articulation ( the Ordovician of the Baltic area)
  • Stukalina, 1986. Laws of historical development of crinoidea in the early and middle Paleozoic of the USSR