Brachiopoda
Order

Lingulida Waagen, 1885

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Selection of related publications
Vinn, O., Holmer, L. E., Wilson, M. A. 2023. Evolution of brachiopod symbiosis in the early Paleozoic.Historical Biology , 1-21. DOI:10.1080/08912963.2023.2212368
Vinn, O., Wilson, M. A., Holmer, L. E., Ernst, A., Tinn, O., Toom, U. 2022. Diverse endobiotic symbiont fauna from the late Katian (Late Ordovician) of Estonia.Palaeontologia Electronica 25 , 3,1-13. DOI:10.26879/1232
Vinn, O., Holmer, L. E., Wilson, M. A., Isakar, M., Toom, U. 2021. Possible drill holes and pseudoborings in obolid shells from the Cambrian/Ordovician boundary beds of Estonia and the uppermost Cambrian of NW Russia.Historical Biology 33 , 12,3579–3584. DOI:10.1080/08912963.2021.1878355
Holmer, L. E., Yue, L., Zhang, Z., Zhang, Z. 2019. The problematic lingulate brachiopod Aulonotreta from the Ordovician (Dapingian–Darriwilian) of Baltoscandia.Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences 68 , 4,206-224. DOI:10.3176/earth.2019.15
Holmer, L. E., Zhang, Z., Topper, T. P., Popov, L., Claybourn, T. M. 2018. The attachment strategies of Cambrian kutorginate brachiopods: the curious case of two pedicle openings and their phylogenetic significance.Journal of Paleontology 92 , 1,33-39. DOI:10.1017/jpa.2017.76
Holmer, L. E., Popov, L. E., Ghobadi Pour, M., Zhang, Z., Zhang, Z. 2017. Unusual pitted Ordovician brachiopods from the East Baltic: the significance of coarsely pitted ornamentations in linguliforms.Papers in Palaeontology 3 , 3,387-399. DOI:10.1002/spp2.1080
Ushatinskaya, G. T., Korovnikov, I. V. 2016. Revision of the Superfamily Acrotheloidea (Brachiopoda, Class Linguliformea, Order Lingulida) from the Lower and Middle Cambrian of the Siberian Platform.Paleontological Journal 50 , 5,450-462. DOI:10.1134/S0031030116050130
Lang, L., Kirsimäe, K., Vahur, S. 2016. Diagenetic fate of bioapatite in linguliform brachiopods: multiple apatite phases in shells of Cambrian lingulate brachiopod Ungula ingrica (Eichwald).Lethaia 49 , 1,13-27. DOI:10.1111/let.12127
Lang, L. 2015. Baculate shell structure in Early Palaeozoic linguliform brachiopods.Dissertationes Geologicae Universitatis Tartuensis 40 , 1-113.
Lang, L., Puura, I. 2013. Phosphatized organic nanostructures in the Cambrian linguloid brachiopod Ungula inornata (Mickwitz).Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences 62 , 3,121-130. DOI:10.3176/earth.2013.10
Lang, L., Uibopuu, E., Puura, I. 2011. Nanostructures in Palaeozoic linguloid brachiopods.Memoirs of the Association of Australasian Palaeontologists 41 , 359−366.
Lang, L., Puura, I. 2009. Systematic position, distribution, and shell structure of the Devonian linguloid brachiopod Bicarinatina bicarinata (Kutorga, 1837).Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences 58 , 1,63-70. DOI:10.3176/earth.2009.1.06
Nemliher, J., Kurvits, T., Kallaste, T., Puura, I. 2004. Apatite varieties in the shell of the Cambrian lingulate brachiopod Obolus apollinis Eichwald.Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences. Geology 53 , 4,246-256. DOI:10.3176/geol.2004.4.02
Popov, L. E., Holmer, L. E. 2003. Understanding linguloid brachiopods: Obolus and Ungula as examples.Carnets de Géologie , 6,1-13.
Holmer, L. E., Biernat, G. 2002. Lingulate brachiopods from Lower Ordovician (Tremadoc) chalcedonites, Holy Cross Mountains, Poland.Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 47 , 1,141-156.
Holmer, L. E., Popov, L. E. 2000. Class Lingulata.Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, part H Brachiopoda , pp. 30-146.
Puura, I. 1996. Lingulate brachiopods and biostratigraphy of the Cambrian-Ordovician boundary beds in Baltoscandia.Doctoral Thesis , pp. 1-214.
Popov L., Nõlvak J., Holmer, L. 1994. Late Ordovician lingulate brachiopods from Estonia.Palaeontology 37 , 3,627-650.
Popov, L., Holmer, L. E. 1994. Cambrian-Ordovician lingulate brachiopods from Scandinavia, Kazakhstan, and South Ural Mountains.Fossils and Strata 35 , 1-156. DOI:10.1111/j.1502-3931.1994.tb01571.x
Holmer, L. E., Popov, L. E. 1994. Revision of the type species of Acrotreta and related Lingulate brachiopods.Journal of Paleontology 68 , 3,433-450. DOI:10.1017/S002233600002583X
Holmer, H., Popov, L. E. 1990. The acrotretacean brachiopod Ceratreta tanneri (Metzger) from the Upper Cambrian of Baltoscandia.GFF 112 , 3,249-263. DOI:10.1080/11035899009454772
Holmer, L. E. 1989. Middle Ordovician phosphatic inarticulate brachiopods from Västergötland and Dalarna, Sweden.Fossils and Strata 26 , 1-172.
Popov, L. E., Khazanovich, K. K. 1989. Lingulata (inarticulate brachiopods with phosphate-calcium shell).The Key sections and stratigraphy of the phosphate bearing Obolus beds of the North-East of the Russian platform , pp. 96-136.
Bednarczyk, W. 1986. Inarticulate brachiopods from the Lower Ordovician in northern Poland.Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae 56 , 3-4,409 - 418.
Kaljo, D., Borovko, N., Heinsalu, H., Khazanovich, K., Mens, K., Popov, L., Sergejeva, S., Sobolevskaya, R., Viira, V. 1986. The Cambrian-Ordovician boundary in the Baltic-Ladoga clint area (North Estonia and Leningrad Region, USSR).Eesti NSV Teaduste Akadeemia Toimetised. Geoloogia / Известия Академии наук Эстонской ССР. Геология 35 , 3,97-108. DOI:10.3176/geol.1986.3.01
Khazanovich, K. K., Popov, L. E., Melnikova, L. M. 1984. Bezzamkovye brahiopody, ostrakody (bradoriidy) i hiolitel'minty iz sablinskoj svity Leningradskoj oblasti.Paleontologicheski Zhurnal 4 , 33-47.
Gravitis, V. A. 1981. Brahiopody.Devon i karbon Pribaltiki , pp. 443-463.
Biernat, G. 1973. Ordovician Inarticulate Brachiopods from Poland and Estonia.Palaeontologia Polonica 28 , 1-116.
Gorjansky, V. J. 1969. Bezzamkovye brahiopody kembrijskih i ordovikskih otloženij severo-zapada Russkoj platformy.
Bekker, H. 1921. The Kuckers stage of the Ordovician Rocks in NE Estonia.Acta et Commentationes Universitatis Tartuensis II , 1,1-92.
Eichwald, E. 1860. Lethaea Rossica ou Paléontologie de la Russie. Premier volume. Ancienne Période en deux sections. DOI:10.5962/bhl.title.52391
Eichwald, E. 1854. Die Grauwackenschichten von Liv- und Estland.Bulletin de la Société Imperiale des Naturalistes de Moscou 27 , 1,1-111.
Kutorga, S. 1848. Über die Brachiopoden-Familie der Siphonotretaeae.Verhandlungen der Russisch-Kaiserlichen Mineralogischen Gesellschaft zu St. Petersburg , 250-286.
List of species
1. Acrothele coriacea Linnarsson, 1876 | Lower Cambrian (old nomenclature)Upper Cambrian (old nomenclature)
8. Bicarinatina bicarinata (Kutorga, 1837) | Narva StageAruküla Stage
9. Bicarinatina borchi Gravitis, 1981 | Narva StageAruküla Stage
11. Bicarinatina livica Gravitis, 1981 | Narva StageBurtnieki Stage
12. Bicarinatina rozenshteini Gravitis, 1981 | Narva StageAruküla Stage
16. Broeggeria salteri (Holl, 1865) | CambrianHunneberg Stage
17. Ectenoglossa exunguis (Eichwald, 1829) | Kukruse StageHaljala Stage
18. Ectenoglossa lata (Pander, 1830) | Kunda StageKeila Stage
20. Euobolus elegans (Mickwitz, 1896) | Upper Cambrian (old nomenclature)Tremadocian
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Klassificering
Organism groupBiota
KingdomAnimalia
PhylumBrachiopoda
SubphylumLinguliformea
ClassLingulata
OrderAcrotretida
Lingulida
SuperfamilyAcrotheloidea
Discinoidea
Linguloidea
OrderSiphonotretida