Class Placodermi McCoy, 1848

et: rüükalad; fi: panssarihait; sv: pansarhajar;

Taxon ID: 273 / 2013-10-28
Belongs to: Gnathostomata
Sister taxa: Acanthodii | Chondrichthyes
Contains: Arthrodira | Euantiarcha | Hybosteus | Ptyctodontida | Euarthrodira | Antiarchi
Stratigraphic range: Silurian Carboniferous | ~ 443,7–292,0 Ma
Baltoscandian species (in database): 57

Visual identification guide (Placodermi)


Selection of related publications

  • Newman et al., 2017. Middle Devonian coccosteid (Arthrodira, Placodermi) biostratigraphy of Scotland and Estonia [DOI]
  • Newman et al., 2015. Scottish Middle Devonian fishes in Estonia [DOI]
  • Long et al., 2014b. Copulation in antiarch placoderms and the origin of gnathostome internal fertilization [DOI]
  • Long et al., 2014a. Taxonomic revision of buchanosteoid placoderms (Arthrodira) from the Early Devonian of south-eastern Australia and Arctic Russia [DOI]
  • Mark-Kurik, 2013a. A new Lower Devonian arthrodire (Placodermi) from the NW Siberian Platform [DOI]
  • Mark-Kurik & Põldvere, Anne, 2012a. Devonian stratigraphy in Estonia: current state and problems [DOI]
  • Lukševičs, et al., 2010. Palaeozoogeographical connections of the Devonian vertebrate communities of the Baltica Province. Part I. Eifelian–Givetian [DOI]
  • Dupret, 2010. Revision of the genus Kujdanowiaspis Stensiö, 1942 (Placodermi, Arthrodira, "Actinolepida" from the Lower Devonian of Podolia (Ukraine) [DOI]
  • Lebedev et al., 2010. Palaeozoogeographical connections of the Devonian vertebrate communities of the Baltica Province. Part II. Late Devonian [DOI]
  • Lebedev et al., 2009. Bite marks as evidence of predation in early vertebrates [DOI]
  • Lukševičs et al., 2009. The earliest evidence of host-parasite interactions in vertebrates [DOI]
  • Dupret et al., 2007. A new genus of placoderm (Arthrodira: 'Actinolepida') from the Lower Devonian of Podolia (Ukraine)
  • Ivanov et al., 2005b. Devonian sections of north-west of East European Platform
  • Mark-Kurik & Carls, 2004. Tityosteus, a Marine Fish (Arthrodira, Homostiidae) from the Emsian of Aragon, Spain, and its Distribution
  • Lukševičs & Zupinš, 2004. Sedimentology, fauna, and taphonomy of the Pavâri site, Late Devonian of Latvia
  • Mark-Kurik, 2004. Buchanosteids (Placodermi, Arthrodira) from Central Asia
  • Mark-Kurik & Young, 2003. A new Buchanosteid Arthrodire (placoderm fish) from the Early Devonian of the Ural Mountains
  • Lukševičs, 2001a. Bothriolepid antiarchs (Vertebrata; Placodermi) from the Devonian of the north-western part of the East European Platform
  • Upeniece, 2001. The unique fossil assemblage from the Lode Quarry (Upper Devonian, Latvia)
  • Mark-Kurik, 2000. The Middle Devonian fishes of the Baltic States (Estonia, Latvia) and Belarus
  • Nessov & Mark-Kurik, 1999. Tropinema, a Middle Devonian arthrodire with high dorsal crest from east Baltic
  • Raukas & Teedumäe (eds), 1997. Geology and Mineral Resources of Estonia
  • Mark-Kurik, 1991a. Contribution to the correlation of the Emsian (Lower Devonian) on the basis of placoderm fishes
  • Mark-Kurik, 1985. Actinolepis spinosa n. sp. (Arthrodira) from the Early Devonian of Latvia
  • Lyarskaya, 1981. Baltic Devonian Placodermi. Asterolepididae
  • Mark-Kurik, 1976. Arthrodire Holonema from the Middle Devonian of Novaya Zemlya
  • Vorobyeva & Lyarskaya, 1968. Crossopterygian and dipnoan remains from the Amata beds of Latvia and their burial
  • Obrucheva, 1966. New facts concerning the coccosteids (Placodermi) from the Baltic Devonian