Eleutherozoa Bell, 1891

Taxon ID: 340 / 2013-01-30
Fossil group: Echinodermata
Belongs to:
Baltoscandian species (in database):
See also: Paleobiology Database   
Selection of related publications
Reich, M. & Kutscher, M. 2014. A new ophiocistoid (Echinodermata) from the Silurian of Gotland, Sweden. GFF 136, 1, 1-5. DOI:10.1080/11035897.2013.861863
Tinn, O. & Ainsaar, L. 2014. Asterozoan pedicellariae and ossicles revealed from the Middle Ordovician of Baltica.. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 59, 2, 353-358. DOI:10.4202/app.2012.0034
Blake, D. B. & Rozhnov, S. 2007. Aspects of life mode among Ordovician asteroids: Implications of new specimen from Baltica. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 52, 3, 519-533.
Shackleton, J. D. 2005. Skeletal homologies, phylogeny and classification of the earliest Asterozoan echinoderms. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 3, 1, 29-114. DOI:10.1017/S1477201905001525
Hansen, T., Bruton, D. L. & Jakobsen. L. 2005. Starfish from the Ordovician of the Oslo Region, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 85, 3, 209-216.
Schallreuter, R. 1989. Ordovician Echinoids from Erratic Boulders. Geschiebekunde aktuell 5, 1, 3-16.
Bockelie, J. F. & Paul, C. R. C. 1983. Cyathotheca suecica and its bearing on the evolution of the Edrioasteroidea. Lethaia 16, 4, 257-264. DOI:10.1111/j.1502-3931.1983.tb02006.x
Rõõmusoks, A. 1981. Ordovician and Silurian Strophomenida of Estonia, III. Genus Thaerodonta Wang.. Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the Estonian SSR. Geology 30, 2, 61-71.
Bockelie, J. F. & Briskeby, P. I. 1980. The presence of a bothriocidarid (Echinoid) in the Ordovician of Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 60, 89-91.
Bockelie, J. F. & Briskeby, P. I. 1980. The presence of a bothriocidarid (Echinoid) in the Ordovician of Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 60, 89-91.
Franzén, C. 1979. Echinoderms. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning 73, 3, 216-224. Lower Wenlock faunal and floral dynamics - Vattenfallet section, Gotland. Eds: Jaanusson, V. et al., pp. 216-224.
Rõõmusoks, A. 1970. Stratigraphy of the Viruan Series (Middle Ordovician) in Northern Estonia, I.
Männil, R. M. 1962. The taxonomy and morphology of Bothriocidaris (Echinoidea). Trudy Instituta geologii AN ESSR 9, 187-190. ENSV Teaduste Akadeemia Geoloogia Instituudi Uurimused IX, pp. 187-190.
Regnéll, G. 1956. Silurian Echinoids from Gotland. Arkiv för kemi, mineralogi och geologi 2, 155-178.
Regnéll, G. 1948. Echinoderms (hydrophoridae, ophiocistia) from the Ordovician (Upper Skiddavian) of the Oslo region. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 27, , 14-58.
Regnéll, G. 1945. Non-Crinoid Peimatozoa from the Paleozoic of Sweden. A taxonomic study. Meddelanden från Lunds Geologisk-Mineralogiska Institution 108, 1-255.
Hecker, R. F. 1940. Ordovician and Devonian echinoderms. Carpoidea, Eocrinoidea and Ophiocistia from Ordovicium of Leningrad district and Estonia . Transactions of the Paleontological Institute (PIN) 9, 4, 5-82.
Hecker, R. F. 1939. Pyrgocystis from the Ordovician of Leningrad Province. Известия Академии Наук СССР. Серия биологическая , , 241-246.
Mortensen, T. 1930. Bothriocidaris and the Ancestry of Echinoids. Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening i Kjobenhavn 90, , 313-352.
Jaekel, O. 1899. Stammesgesihichte der Pelmatozoen. Erster Band. Thecoidea und Cystoidea.