Echinodermata

Blastozoa Sprinkle, 1973

Selection of related publications
Sheffield, S. L., Lam, A. R., Phillips, S. F., Deline, B. 2022. Morphological Dynamics and Response Following the Dispersal of Ordovician–Silurian Diploporan Echinoderms to Laurentia. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan , 123-140.
Paul, C. R. C., Toom, U. 2021. The diploporite blastozoan Glyptosphaerites (Echinodermata: Blastozoa) and the origin of diplopores. Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences 70, 4, 224-239. DOI:10.3176/EARTH.2021.15
Paul, C. R. C., Toom, U. 2021. Cystoblastus and the origin of the Hemicosmitoida (Echinodermata: Blastozoa). Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences 70, 3, 165-181. DOI:10.3176/earth.2021.13
Paul, C. R. C., Hotchkiss, F. H. C. 2020. Origin and significance of Lovén's Law in echinoderms. Journal of Paleontology 94, 6, 1089-1102. DOI:10.1017/jpa.2020.31
Paul, C. R. C., Rozhnov, S. V. 2016. Revision of Scoliocystis (Rhombifera: Echinoencrinitidae) and related cystoid genera. Paleontological Journal 50, 3, 255-275. DOI:10.1134/S0031030116030059
Paul, C. R. C., Donovan, S. K. 2011. A review of the British Silurian cystoids. Geological Journal 46, 5, 434-450. DOI:10.1002/gj.1287
Rozhnov, S. V., Fedorov, P. V. 2001. A New Cryptocrinid Genus (Eocrinoidea, Echinodermata) from the Bioherm-related Volkhov Facies (Late Arenigian, Ordovician), Leningrad Region. Paleontologicheski Zhurnal 35, 6, 606-613.
Rozhnov, S. V. 1997. Unusual Eocrinoid (?) (Echinodermata) from Volkhov Horizon (Early Ordovician, Arenig) of St-Petersburg Region. Paleontologicheski Zhurnal , 1, 59-64.
Rozhnov, S. V., Kushlina, V. B. 1994. New interpretation of bolboporids (Echinodermata, ?Eocrinoidea). Paleontological Journal 28, 2, 71–80.
Rozhnov, S. V. 1991. A new eocrinoid order from Lower Ordovician. Paleontologicheski Zhurnal , 2, 34-44.
Rozhnov, S. V. 1989. New data about rhipidocystids (Eocrinoidea). Fossil and Recent Echinoderm researches, pp. 38-57.
Kõrts, A. 1989. Brachiolar plates of Bockia (Eocrinoidea) from the Middle Ordovician of Estonia and Leningrad Region. Fossil and Recent Echinoderm researches, pp. 34-37.
Bockelie, J. F. 1984. The Diploporita of the Oslo region, Norway. Palaeontology 27, 1, 1-68.
Hynda, V. A. 1984. Columns of new Ordovician crinoids of the south-western margin of the East-European platform. Paleontologicheskii sbornik 21, 58-63.
Paul, C. R. C., Bockelie, J. F. 1983. Evolution and Functional Morphology of the Cystoid Sphaeronites in Britain and Scandinavia. Palaeontology 26, 4, 687-734.
Bockelie, J. F. 1981. Morphology, growth and taxonomy of the Ordovician rhombiferan Caryocystites. GFF 103, 4, 499-513. DOI:10.1080/11035898209453727
Bockelie, J. F. 1981. Symmetry and ambulacral pattern of the rhombiferan superfamily Caryocystitida and the relationship to other Blastozoa. GFF 103, 4, 491-498. DOI:10.1080/11035898209453726
Bockelie, J. F. 1981. The Middle Ordovician of the Oslo Region, Norway: 30. The eocrinoid genera Cryptocrinites, Rhipidocystis and Bockia. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 61, 2, 123-147.
Bockelie, J. F. 1981. A re-evaluation of the Ordovician cystoid Stichocystis Jaekel and the taxonomic implications. GFF 103, 1, 51-59. DOI:10.1080/11035898109455204
Stukalina, G. A. 1979. A new family of Ordovician crinoids. Paleontologicheski Zhurnal 4, 89-95.
Bockelie, J. F. 1979. Celticystis n. gen., a gomphocystitid from the Silurian of Sweden. GFF 101, 2, 157-166. DOI:10.1080/11035897909452575
Bockelie, J. F. 1979. Taxonomy, functional morphology and palaeoecology of the Ordovician cystoid family Hemicosmitidae. Palaeontology 22, 2, 363-406.
Bockelie, J. F. 1973. The Presence of Prunocystites (Cystoidea) in Stage 9e of Ringerike, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 53, 317-321.
Rõõmusoks, A. 1970. Stratigraphy of the Viruan Series (Middle Ordovician) in Northern Estonia, I.
Kesling, R. V. 1967. Cystoids. Treatise on Invertebtate Paleontology. Part S. Echinodermata 1. Volume 1, pp. S85-S268.
Jefferies, R. P. S., Joysey, K. A., Paul, C. R. C., Ramsbottom, W. H. C. 1967. The Fossil Record a symposium with dokumentation. Chapter 21 Echinodermata: Pelmatozoa. The Fossil Record., pp. 565-581.
Yeltyscheva, R. S. 1966. Stebli ordovikskih morskih lilij Pribaltiki (srednij ordovik). Voprosy paleontologii V, 53-70.
Yeltyscheva, R. S. 1964. Stebli ordovikskih morskih lilij Pribaltiki (nižnij ordovik). Voprosy paleontologii IV, 59-82.
Hecker, E. L., Hecker, R. F. 1957. O novom vide roda Protocrinites Eichwald. Ežegodnik Vsesoûznogo Paleontologičeskogo Obŝestva XVI, 274-279.
Regnéll, G. 1948. Echinoderms (hydrophoridae, ophiocistia) from the Ordovician (Upper Skiddavian) of the Oslo region. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 27, 14-58.
Regnéll, G. 1945. Non-Crinoid Pelmatozoa from the Paleozoic of Sweden. A taxonomic study. Meddelanden från Lunds Geologisk-Mineralogiska Institution 108, 1-255.
Hecker, R. F. 1940. Nižnesilurijskie i devonskie iglokožie. Carpoidea, Eocrinoidea i Ophiocistia nižnego silura Leningradskoj oblasti i Èstonii. Transactions of the Paleontological Institute (PIN) 9, 4, 5-82.
Hecker, R. F. 1938. New data on Rhipidocystis Jkl (Oder Digitata n. o., class Carpoidea Jkl) and on a new Genus Bockia (subclass Eocrinoidea Jkl, class Crinoidea Mill.) from the Ordovician of Leningrad province, USSR, and Estonia. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 19, 5, 421-425.
Phleger, F. B. 1935. Some Ordovician cystids from Russia. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology. Harvard University Museum of Comparative Zoology LXXVI, 5, 193-201.
Öpik, A. 1934. Üks tsüstiid Eesti Megalaspislubjakivist. Eesti Loodus , 1, 17-20.
Jaekel, O. 1927. Über Tormoblastus n.g., eine coronate Blastoidee, aus dem Ordovicium Schwedens. Arkiv För Zoologi 19A, 4, 1-6.
Öpik, A. 1925. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Kukruse-(C2-) Stufe in Eesti. I. Acta et Commentationes Universitatis Tartuensis VIII, 5, 1-18.
Bekker, H. 1925. Lühike ülevaade Eesti geoloogiast (Eozoiline ja paleozoiline ladekond). Eesti Loodus. Äratrükk koguteosest "Eesti", pp. 31-61.
Hecker, R. F. 1923. Echinosphaeritidae of the Silurian of Russia. Trav. Mus. Géol. Min. Pierre le Grand Acad. Sci. Russie IV, 1, 1-63.
Bekker, H. 1921. The Kuckers stage of the Ordovician Rocks in NE Estonia. Acta et Commentationes Universitatis Tartuensis II, 1, 1-92.
Jaekel, O. 1918. Phylogenie und System der Pelmatozoen. Paläontologische Zeitschrift 3, 1, 1-128. DOI:10.1007/BF03190413
Jaekel, O. 1900. Ueber einen neuen Pentacrinoideen-Typus aus dem Obersilur. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 52, 3, 480-487.
Jaekel, O. 1899. Stammesgesihichte der Pelmatozoen. Erster Band. Thecoidea und Cystoidea.
Volborth, A. 1870. Über Achradocystites und Cystoblastus, zwei neue Crinoideen-Gattungen, eingeleitet durch kritische Betrachtungen über die Organe der Cystideen. Mémoires de l´Académie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Petersbourg 16, 2, 1-15.
Eichwald, E. 1861. Paleontologiâ Rossii. Drevnij period. II. Fauna grauvakkovoj, gornoizvestkovoj i medistoslancevatoj formacij Rossii.
Eichwald, E. 1860. Lethaea Rossica ou Paléontologie de la Russie. Premier volume. Ancienne Période en deux sections. DOI:10.5962/bhl.title.52391
Eichwald, E. 1856. Beitrag zur geographischen Verbreitung der fossilen Thiere Russlands. Alte Periode. (Fortsetzung). Bulletin of Moscow Society of Naturalists. Geology 29, 1, 88-127.
Eichwald, E. von 1840. Ueber das silurische Schichten-system in Esthland. Zeitschrift für Natur- und Heilkunde , 1-2, 1-210. DOI:10.5962/bhl.title.150763
Pander, C. H. 1830. Beiträge zur Geognosie des Russischen Reiches.