Trilobita

Trilobita Walch, 1771

Trilobites

Taxon ID: 49 / 2013-11-10
Belongs to:
et: trilobiidid; sv: trilobiter; fi: trilobiitit; 
Stratigraphic range: Kambrium Perm (within ca. 542.0–251.0 million years)
Baltoscandian species (in database):
See also: Wikipedia page    Tree of Life page    Encyclopedia of Life page    Paleobiology Database   
Selection of related publications
Vinn, O., Ernst, A., Toom, U. & Isakar, M. 2018. Cryptic encrusting fauna inside invertebtate fossils from the Ordovician of Estonia. Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae 88, DOI:10.14241/asgp.2018.008
Vinn, O., Toom, U. & Isakar, M. 2017. The earliest cornulitid on the internal surface of the illaenid pygidium from the Middle Ordovician of Estonia. Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences 66, 4, 193-197. DOI:10.3176/earth.2017.19
Hints, L. & Männik, P. 2014. Stop A10: Porkuni quarry. 4th Annual Meeting of IGCP 591, Estonia, 10-19 June 2014. Eds: Bauert, H. et al. , pp. 167-172.
Pärnaste, H., Bergström, J. & Zhou, Z.-Y. 2013. High-resolution trilobite stratigraphy of the Lower-Middle Ordovician Öland Series of Baltoscandia. Geological Magazine 150, 3, 509–518. DOI:10.1017/S0016756812000908
Pärnaste, H. & Bergström, J. 2013. The asaphid trilobite fauna: its rise and fall in Baltica. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 389, 64-77. DOI:10.1016/j.palaeo.2013.06.007
Pärnaste, H. 2012. Suurte silmadega väike mereelukas Telephina. Eesti Loodus , 6-7, 20-23.
Hints, L., Pärnaste, H. & Gailite, L.-I. 2012. Hirnantia sagittifera (Brachiopoda) and Mucronaspis mucronata s.l. (Trilobita) in the Upper Ordovician of the East Baltic: taxonomy and distribution. Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences 61, 2, 65-81. DOI:10.3176/earth.2012.2.01
Pärnaste, H. & Popp, A. 2011. First record of Telephina (Trilobita) from the Ordovician of northeastern Estonia and its stratigraphical implications. Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences 60, 2, 83-90. DOI:10.3176/earth.2011.2.02
Popp, A. & Pärnaste, H. 2011. Biometry and lifestyle of the Ordovician proetide trilobite Cyamella stensioei Owens, 1979. GFF 133, 3-4, 111-123. DOI:10.1080/11035897.2011.599418
Stein, M. & Bergström, J. 2010. Some lower Middle Ordovician species of Asaphus (Trilobita) from Sweden. GFF 132, 2, 105–116. DOI:10.1080/11035897.2010.486478
Hoel, O. A. 2009. The post-cephalic morphology of the middle Ordovician trilobite Prionocheilus narinosus from the central Oslo Region, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 89, 247-249.
Pärnaste, H., Popp, A. & Owens, R. M. 2009. Distribution of the Proetida (Trilobita) in Baltoscandian Ordovician strata. Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences 58, 1, 10-23. DOI:10.3176/earth.2009.1.02
Popp, A. & Pärnaste, H. 2008. Morphometric study of the Ordovician proetid trilobite Cyamella stensioei Owens, 1978. Rábano, I., Gozalo, R. and García-Bellido, D. (eds). Advances in trilobite research., pp. 327-332.
Pärnaste, H. 2008. Xylabion and related genera. Rábano, I., Gozalo, R. and García-Bellido, D. (eds). Advances in trilobite research, pp. 307-312.
Rushton, A. W. A. & Weidner, T. 2007. The Middle Cambrian paradoxidid trilobite Hydrocephalus from Jämtland, central Sweden. Acta Geologica Polonica 57, 4, 391-401.
Pärnaste, H. 2006. The Early Ordovician trilobite distribution and zonation of the East Baltic. Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences. Geology 55, 2, 109-127.
Axheimer, N. 2006. The Middle Cambrian Eodiscoid trilobite Dawsonia oelandica (Westergård, 1936). Journal of Paleontology 80, 1, 193-200. DOI:10.1666/0022-3360(2006)080[0193:TMCETD]2.0.CO;2
Pärnaste, H. 2006. The earliest encrinurid trilobites from the East Baltic and their taxonomic interest. Palaeontology 49, 1, 155-170. DOI:10.1111/j.1475-4983.2005.00535.x
Pärnaste, H. 2004. Revision of the Ordovician cheirurid trilobite genus Reraspis with the description of the earliest representative. Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences. Geology 53, 2, 125-138.
Ivantsov, A. Y. 2003. Ordovician Trilobites of the Subfamily Asaphinae of the Ladoga Glint. Paleontological Journal 37, Suppl.3, 1-337.
Pärnaste, H. 2003. The Lower Ordovician trilobite Krattaspis: the earliest cyrtometopinid (Cheiruridae) from the Arenig of the east Baltic. Special Papers in Palaeontology 70, 241-257.
Rõõmusoks, A. 2000. The new trilobite genus Valdariops from the Harju Series (Upper Ordovician) of Estonia. Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences. Geology 49, 1, 28-43.
Rõõmusoks, A. 1998. Trilobites of the genus Toxochasmops from the Ordovician of Estonia. Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences. Geology 47, 3, 173-194.
Raukas, A. & Teedumäe, A. (eds) 1997. Geology and Mineral Resources of Estonia.
Edgecombe, G. D. & Ramsköld, L. 1996. The "Encrinurus" variolaris plexus (Trilobita, Silurian): relationships of Llandovery species. Geobios 29, 2, 209-233. DOI:10.1016/S0016-6995(96)80045-3
Nielsen, A. 1995. Trilobite systematics, biostratigraphy and palaeoecology of the Lower Ordovician Komstad Limestone and Huk Formations, southern Scandinavia. Fossils and Strata 38, , 1-374.
Ahlberg, P. 1995. Telephinid trilobites from the Ordovician of the East Baltic. GFF 117, 1, 49-52. DOI:10.1080/11035899509546196
Ramsköld, L. & Edgecombe, G. D. 1994. Revision of the Silurian encrinurine trilobite Wallacia Lamont 1978, with species from Gotland and Canada. Paläontologische Zeitschrift 68, 1/2, 89-115. DOI:10.1007/BF02989435
Jaanusson, V. & Ramsköld, L. 1993. Pterygometopine trilobites from the Ordovician of Baltoscandia. Palaeontology 36, 4, 743-769.
Krueger, H.-H. 1992. Atractocybeloides, eine kleinwuchsige Trilobitengattung aus baltoskandischen Geschieben und ihrem Anstehenden . Mitt. Mus. Naturkd. Berlin, Geowiss. , , 105-120.
Ramsköld, L. & Chatterton B. D. E. 1991. Revision and subdivision of the polyphyletic `Leonaspis´ (Trilobita). Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh Earth Sciences 82, 4, 333-371. DOI:10.1017/S026359330000420X
Kielan-Jaworowska, Z., Bergström, J. & Ahlberg, P. 1991. Cheirurina (trilobita) from the Upper Ordovician of Västergötland and other regions of Sweden. GFF 113, 2-3, 219-244. DOI:10.1080/11035899109453857
Männil, Reet 1990. Silurian trilobites. Field Meeting Estonia 1990. An Excursion Guidebook. Eds: Kaljo, D. & Nestor, H., pp. 74-76.
Bassett, M. G., Kaljo, D. & Teller, L. 1989. The Baltic region. National Museum of Wales, Geological Series 9, 158-170. A Global Standard for the Silurian System. Eds: Holland, C. H. & Bassett, M. G. , pp. 158-170.
Rõõmusoks, A. 1989. Über die divergenz der Leptaenidae (Brachiopoda) in der Viru-und Harju-zeit in Baltoscandia. Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the Estonian SSR. Geology 38, 3, 112-117.
Männil, Reet 1987. New phacopid trilobites from the Upper Silurian of the East Baltic. Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the Estonian SSR. Geology 36, 3, 113-120.
Männil, Ralf 1987. Explanatory notes to the stratigraphical chemes of the Ordovician deposits. Resolutions of the interdepartmental stratigraphical conference on the East European Platform in 1984, with regional stratigraphical schemes, pp. 17-57.
Rõõmusoks, A. 1986. Oculichasmops - a new genus of the trilobite subfamily Chasmopinae. Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the Estonian SSR. Geology 35, 4, 156-159.
Fortey, R. A. 1986. The type species of the Ordovician trilobite Symphysurus: systematic functional morphology and terrace ridges. Paläontologische Zeitschrift 60, 3/4, 255-275. DOI:10.1007/BF02985671
Ramsköld, L. 1986. Silurian encrinurid trilobites from Gotland and Dalarna, Sweden. Palaeontology 29, 3, 527-575.
Ramsköld, L. 1984. Silurian Odontopleurid trilobites from Gotland. Palaeontology 27, 2, 239-264.
Männil, Reet 1983. Upper Silurian Calymenidae (Trilobita) of the East Baltic. Lower Paleozoic paleontology of Baltics and Podolia. Ed: Klaamann, E., pp. 72-100.
Männil, Reet 1982. Trilobite communities (Wenlock, East Baltic). Кальо Д. & Клааманн Э. (рeд.) Сообщества и биозоны в силуре Прибалтики., pp. 51-62.
Männil, Reet 1981. Late Silurian proetidae (Trilobita) of Estonia. Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the Estonian SSR. Geology 30, 3, 98-105.
Männil, Reet 1979. Silurian trilobites of the subfamily Warburgellinae of the East Baltic area. Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the Estonian SSR. Geology 28, 3, 99-107.
Owens, R. M. 1979. The trilobite genera Panarchaeogonus Öpik, Isbergia Warburg and Cyamops gen. nov. from the ordovician of Balto-Scandia and British Isles. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 58, 199-219.
Männil, Reet 1978. Wenlockian trilobites of the Encrinurus punctatus species-group of the East Baltic. Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the Estonian SSR. Geology 27, 3, 108-113.
Männil, Reet 1977. Some new Llandoverian encrinurid trilobites of the East Baltic area. Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the Estonian SSR. Chemistry and Geology 26, 1, 46-56.
Männil, Reet 1977. East Baltic Lower Silurian Calymenidae (Trilobita). Facies and fauna of the Baltic Silurian. Kaljo, D. (Eds.) , pp. 240-258.
Mens, K. A. & Pirrus, E. A. 1977. Stratotypes of the Cambrian Formations of Estonia.
Balashova, E. A. 1976. Systematics of asaphinae trilobites and their representatives in th eUSSR.
Bergström, J. 1973. Classification of olenellid trilobites and some Balto-Scandian species. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 53, 3, 283-314.
Männil, Reet 1970. Phacopid trilobites of the Upper Llandoverian of Estonia. Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the Estonian SSR. Chemistry and Geology 19, 4, 342-349.
Balashova, E. A. & Korkutis, V. A., 1970 1970. On the first find of the Upper Cambrian trilobite in the Tyskre suite of the Baltic area. Palaeontology and Stratigraphy of the Baltic and the Byelorussia. II, pp. 341-344.
Männil, Reet 1970. Estonian Lower and Middle Llandoverian trilobites of the genus Acrenaspis. Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the Estonian SSR. Chemistry and Geology 19, 2, 156-165.
Bruton, D. 1968. The trilobite genus Panderia from the Ordovician of Scandinavia and the Baltic areas. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 48, 1,2, 1-53.
Männil, Reet 1968. Encrinurus Schmidti sp. n. (Trilobita) from the Llandoverian of Estonia. Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the Estonian SSR. Chemistry and Geology 17, 3, 273-283.
Bruton, D. L. 1968. Ordovician odontopleurid trilobites from Estonia and Latvia. Lethaia 1, 3, 288-302. DOI:10.1111/j.1502-3931.1968.tb01742.x
Bruton, D. L. 1967. Silurian odontopleurid trilobites from Sweden, Estonia, and Latvia. Palaeontology 10, 2, 214-244.
Balashova, E. A. 1964. Morphology, phylogeny and stratigraphic meaning of the early Ordovician Ptychopyginae of Baltic. Voprosy paleontologii , 3-56. Voprosy paleontologi, IV, pp. 3-56.
Männil, Ralf 1963. The biostratigraphic subdivision of the Ordovician strata in Western Latvia. Trudy Instituta geologii AN ESSR 13, 41-74. ENSV Teaduste Akadeemia Geoloogia Instituudi Uurimused XIII, pp. 41-74.
Männil, Ralf 1963. On the correlation of the Ordovician strata of Estonia and Leningrad region. Trudy Instituta geologii AN ESSR 13, 3-40. ENSV Teaduste Akadeemia Geoloogia Instituudi Uurimused XIII, pp. 3-40.
Tripp, R. P. 1962. The Silurian trilobite Encrinurus punctatus (Wahlenberg) and allied species. Palaeontology 5, 3, 460-477.
Nikolaisen, F. 1961. Trilobites of the suborder Cheirurina. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift , 41, 279-310.
Männil, Ralf 1958. New Cryptostomatous Bryozoans from the Ordovician of Estonia. Proc. of the Academy of Sciences of the Estonian SSR. Ser. Tech. and Phys.-Mat. Sciences 7, 4, 330-347.
Männil, Ralf 1958. Trilobites of the families Cheiruridae and Encrinuridae from Estonia. Trudy Instituta geologii AN ESSR 3, 165-212. Eesti NSV Teaduste Akadeemia Geoloogia Instituudi Uurimused III, pp. 165-212.
Jaanusson, V. 1957. Unterordovizische Illaeniden aus Skandinavien. Mit Bemerkungen über die Korrelation des Unterordoviziums. Bulletin of Geol. Institutions of the Univ. of Uppsala 37, , 79–165.
Männil, Ralf 1957. Estoniops - A New Genus of Phacopidae (Trilobita). Proc. of the Academy of Sciences of the Estonian SSR. Ser. Tech. and Phys.-Mat. Sciences 6, 4, 385-388.
Jaanusson, V. 1953. Untersuchungen über baltoskandische Asaphiden I. Revision der mittordovizischen Asaphiden des Siljan-Gebietes in Dalarna.. Arkiv för Mineralogi och Geologi 1, 14, 377-464.
Rõõmusoks, A. 1953. New data on the Ordovician trilobite genus Chasmops of Estonia. Loodusuurijate Seltsi Juubelikoguteos, pp. 397-413.
Rosenstein, E. 1941. Die Encrinurus-Arten des estländichen Silurs. Tartu Ülikooli juures oleva Loodusuurijate Seltsi Aruanded 47, 1-2, 49-80.
Jaanusson, V. 1940. Ühe trilobiidi esmasleiust. Eesti Loodus VIII, 4/5, 208-209.
Luha, A. 1939. Paar uut kivistist Saaremaa lademeist. Eesti Loodus 2/3, 98-99.
Siegfried, P. 1938. Zur Kenntnis estländischer Trilobiten. Tartu Ülikooli juures oleva Loodusuurijate Seltsi Aruanded 44, 1-2, 159-172.
Öpik, A. 1937. Trilobiten aus Estland. Acta Univ. Tartu 32, 3, 1-163.
Öpik, A. 1937. Ostracoda from the Ordovician Uhaku and Kukruse Formations of Estonia. Tartu Ülikooli juures oleva Loodusuurijate Seltsi Aruanded 43, 1-2, 65-128.
Siegfried, P. 1936. Über das Pandersche Organ bei den Asaphiden des ostbaltischen Ordoviciums. Eesti Loodusteaduse Arhiiv XI, 2, 1-42.
Öpik, A. 1930. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Kukruse-(C2-C3-)Stufe in Eesti. IV. Tartu Ülikooli Geoloogia Instituudi Toimetused 24, 1-34.
Öpik, A. 1929. Über Muskelhaftstellen der Glabella von Pseudasaphus tecticaudatus Steinh. (Crust., Trilobita) und über die Funktion der Fazialsutur. Tartu Ülikooli Geoloogia Instituudi Toimetused , 16, 1-17.
Öpik, A. 1928. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Kukruse-(C2-C3-)Stufe in Eesti. III. Tartu Ülikooli Geoloogia Instituudi Toimetused 12, 1-42.
Öpik, A. 1927. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Kukruse-(C2-)Stufe in Eesti. II. Tartu Ülikooli Geoloogia Instituudi Toimetused 10, 1-35.
Öpik, A. 1927. Die Inseln Odensholm und Rogö. Ein Beitrag zur Geologia von NW Estland. Tartu Ülikooli Geoloogia Instituudi Toimetused 9, 70.
Öpik, A. 1925. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Kukruse-(C2-)Stufe in Eesti. I. Tartu Ülikooli Geoloogia Instituudi Toimetused , 1-18.
Öpik, A. 1925. Über die Kalksandsteinfacies des Vaginatenkalkes auf der Halbinsel Baltischport und über ein Acidaspis-Pygidium aus denselben Schichten. Tartu Ülikooli juures oleva Loodusuurijate Seltsi Aruanded 32, 1-2, 1-7.
Bekker, H. 1925. Lühike ülevaade Eesti geoloogiast. (Eozoiline ja paleozoiline ladekond). Eesti. Maa, rahvas, kultuur, pp. 31-61.
Öpik, A. 1925. Beitrag zur Stratigraphie und Fauna des estnischen Unter-Kambriums (Eophyton-Sandstein). Tartu Ülikooli Geoloogia Instituudi Toimetused , 3, 1-19.
Bekker, H. 1921. The Kuckers Stage of the Ordovician Rocks in N-E Estonia. Acta Univ. Tartu A II, 1, 1-90.
Schmidt, Fr. 1907. Revision der Ostbaltischen silurischen Trilobiten.. Mémoires de l´Académie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Petersbourg XX, 8,
Lamansky, V. V. 1905. Die aeltesten silurischen Schichten Russlands. Memoires du Comite Geologique , 20, 1-203.
Schmidt, Fr. 1904. Revision der ostbaltischen silurischen Trilobiten. Abt. V. Asaphiden. Lief III. Enthaltend die Gattungen Ptychopyge (Pseudasaphus, Basilicus und Ptychopyge sens. str.), Ogygia und Nileus. Mémoires de l´Académie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Petersbourg 14, 10, 1-68.
Schmidt, Fr. 1898. Revision der ostbaltischen silurischen Trilobiten nebst geognostischer Übersicht des ostbaltischen Silurgebiets. Abt. V. Asaphiden. Mémoires de l´Académie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Petersbourg 6, 11, 1–46.
Schmidt, Fr. 1894. Revision der ostbaltischen silurischen Trilobiten. Abt. IV. Calymmeniden, Proetiden, Bronteiden, Harpetiden, Remopleuriden und Agnostiden. Mémoires de l´Académie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Petersbourg 42, 5, 1-93.
Schmidt, Fr. 1888. Ueber eine neuentdeckte untercambrische Fauna in Estland. Mémoires de l´Académie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Petersbourg 36, 2, 1-27.
Holm, G. in Schmidt, F. 1886. Revision der ostbaltischen Trilobiten. Abtheilung III: Illaeniden.
Schmidt, Fr. 1885. Revision der ostbaltischen silurischen Trilobiten. Abt. II. Acidaspiden und Lichiden.. Mémoires de l´Académie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Petersbourg 33, 1, 1-127.
Schmidt, Fr. 1881. Revision der ostbaltischen silurischen Trilobiten nebst geognostischer Übersicht des ostbaltischen Silurgebiets. Abt. I. Phacopiden, Cheruriden und Encrinuriden.. Mémoires de l´Académie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Petersbourg 30, 1, 1-237.
Nieszkowski, J. 1859. Zusätze zur Monographie der Trilobiten der Ostseeprovinzen, nebst der Beschreibung einiger neuen obersilurischen Crustaceen. Archiv für die Naturkunde Liv-, Ehst- und Kurlands 1, 2, 345-384.
Schmidt, Fr. 1859. Beitrag zur Geologie der Insel Gotland, nebst einigen Bemerkungen über die untersilurische Formation des Festlandes von Schweden und die Heimat der norddeutschen silurischen Geschiebe. Archiv für die Naturkunde Liv-, Ehst- und Kurlands 1, 2, 403-464.
Schmidt, Fr. 1858. Untersuchungen über die silurische Formation von Ehstland, Nord-Livland und Oesel. Archiv für die Naturkunde Liv-, Ehst- und Kurlands ser 1, bd 2, 1-250.
Nieszkowski, J. 1857. Versuch einer Monographie der in den silurischen Schichten der Ostseeprovinzen vorkommenden Trilobiten. Archiv für die Naturkunde Liv-, Ehst- und Kurlands 1, 1, 517-626.
Dalman, J. W. 1827. Om Palaeaderna, eller de så kallade Trilobiterna. Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademiens Handlingar 1826, 2, 113–152, 226–294.
Eichwald, E. 1825. Geognostico-zoologicae per Ingriam marisque baltici provincias, necnon de Trilobitis observationes.