Tabulata

Heliolitina Frech, 1897

Suborder HELIOLITINA

Taxon overview

Suborder HELIOLITINA, Upper Ordovician - Middle Devonian. These corals are very different from other tabulate corals, that they were regarded as separate subclass from tabulata. They are devided into Helioliticae (coenenchymal tissue consists of tubuli, Fig. 3A), Proporicae (coenenchymal tissue consists of dissepiments, Fig. 3B) and Coccoseridicae (primitive corals, which have thickened trabecular skeleton, Fig. 3C). Heliolitids are abundant in the cliffs of northern Saaremaa (Propora tubulata, Heliolites interstinctus). Among the oldest heliolitids in the world are Protaraea procella from the Vasalemma Nordkalk quarry and Protaraea diffluens from the outcrops of East-Estonia. 

Selection of related publications
Vinn, O., Liang, K., Toom, U. 2017. Endobiotic rugose coral symbionts in Silurian tabulate corals from Estonia (Baltica). Palaios 32, 3, 158-165. DOI:10.2110/palo.2016.084
Liang, K., Lee, D.-J., Elias, R. J., Pärnaste, H., Mõtus, M.-A. 2013. Growth characteristics of Protoheliolites norvegicus (Tabulata; Upper Ordovician; Estonia). Palaeontology 56, 4, 867-891. DOI:10.1111/pala.12022
Vinn, O., Mõtus, M. 2012. New endobiotic cornulitid and Cornulites sp. aff. Cornulites celatus (Cornulitida, Tentaculita) from the Katian of Vormsi Island, Estonia. GFF 134, 1, 3-6. DOI:10.1080/11035897.2011.647067
Mõtus, M., Zaika, Y. 2012. The oldest heliolitids from the early Katian of the East Baltic region. GFF 134, 3, 225-234. DOI:10.1080/11035897.2012.721805
Vinn, O., Wilson, M. A. 2012. Epi- and endobionts on the late Silurian (early Pridoli) stromatoporoids from the Saaremaa Island, Estonia. Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae 82, 3, 195-200.
Vinn, O., Mõtus, M. 2012. Diverse early endobiotic coral symbiont assemblage from the Katian (Late Ordovician) of Baltica. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 321-322, 137-141. DOI:10.1016/j.palaeo.2012.01.028
Mõtus, M.-A., Vinn, O. 2009. The worm endosymbionts in tabulate corals from the Silurian of Podolia, Ukraine. Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences 58, 3, 185-192. DOI:10.3176/earth.2009.3.03
Vinn, O., Mõtus, M. 2008. The earliest endosymbiotic mineralized tubeworms from the Silurian of Podolia, Ukraine. Journal of Paleontology 82, 2, 409-414. DOI:10.1666/07-056.1
Mõtus, M.-A., Hints, O. (eds) 2007. 10th International Symposium on Fossil Cnidaria and Porifera. Excursion B2: Lower Paleozoic geology and corals of Estonia. Excursion Guidebook. 10th International Symposium on Fossil Cnidaria and Porifera. Excursion B2: Lower Paleozoic geology and corals of Estonia. Excursion Guidebook, pp. 1-64.
Mõtus, M.-A. 2006. Intraspecific variation in Wenlock tabulate corals from Saaremaa (Estonia) and its taxonomic implications. Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences. Geology 55, 1, 24-42.
Jeppsson, L., Calner, M., Eriksson, M. 2005. Locality descriptions. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning, Rapporter och Meddelanden 121, 22-47. The Dynamic Silurian Earth. Subcommision on Silurian Stratigraphy Field Meeting 2005., pp. 22-47.
Young, G. A., Kershaw, S. 2005. Classification and controls of internal banding in Palaeozoic stromatoporoids and colonial corals. Palaeontology 48, 3, 623-651. DOI:10.1111/j.1475-4983.2005.00480.x
Mõtus, M.-A. 2004. Tabulate corals from the Lower Silurian of Jämtland (Sweden). GFF 126, 4, 339-352. DOI:10.1080/11035890401264339
Dixon, O. A. 1996. Heliolitine corals of the upper Douro Formation (upper Silurian), Canadian Arctic Islands. Journal of Paleontology 70, 5, 718-740. DOI:10.1017/S0022336000023787
Bondarenko, O. B. 1992. The system of heliolitoids.
Serezhnikova, E. A. 1992. New Heliolitoidea from the lower Silurian of Central Kazakhstan. Paleontologicheski Zhurnal 1, 19-26.
Young, G. A., Scrutton, C. T. 1991. Growth form in Silurian heliolitid corals: the influence of genetics and environment. Paleobiology 17, 4, 369-387. DOI:10.1017/S009483730001071X
Neuman, B. E. E., Kershaw, S. 1991. VI International Symposium on Fossil Cnidaria including Archaeocyatha and Porifera. Pre-Symposium excursion A1 Gotland/Sweden.
Bondarenko, O. B., Gataulina, G. M. 1986. Reviziâ geliolitoidej kollekcii È. J. Èjhval"da. Voprosy paleontologii IX, 5-17.
Klaamann, E. 1984. Heliolitidis in the East Baltic Late Silurian coral communities. Eesti NSV Teaduste Akadeemia Toimetised. Geoloogia / Известия Академии наук Эстонской ССР. Геология 33, 2, 63-69.
Sokolov, B. S., Tesakov, J. I. 1984. Populâcionnyj, biocenotičeskij i biostratigrafičeskij analiz tabulât. Podol'skaâ model'.
Bondarenko, O. B. 1983. Geliolitidy verhnego ordovika ûgo-vostočnoj Latvii. Bulletin de la Société Imperiale des Naturalistes de Moscou 58, 6, 136-146.
Klaamann, E. 1983. The Tabulate corals of Jaani and Jaagarahu Stages (Wenlockian, Estonia) and their Biozones. Lower Paleozoic paleontology of Baltics and Podolia, pp. 3-40.
Bondarenko, O. B. 1982. Geliolitidy verhnego ordovikaiz skvažin Beloruss. Moscow University Geology Bulletin , 4, 35-42.
Bondarenko, O. B., Minzhin, Ch. 1981. Izmenčivost' i morfogenez pozdneordovikskih korallov Propora speciosa. Paleontologicheski Zhurnal , 1, 10-20.
Hill, D. 1981. Rugosa and Tabulata. Volume 1. Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology. Part F. Coelenterata. Supplement 1, pp. F1-F378.
Nestor, H. 1981. The relationships between stromatoporoida and heliolitids. Lethaia 14, 1, 21-25. DOI:10.1111/j.1502-3931.1981.tb01069.x
Klaamann, E. 1979. Tabulate and heliolitid corals. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning 73, 3, 81-85. Lower Wenlock faunal and floral dynamics - Vattenfallet section, Gotland, pp. 81-85.
Stel, J. H., de Coo, J. C. M. 1977. The Silurian Upper Burgsvik and Lower Hamra-Sundre Beds, Gotland. Scripta Geologica 44, 1-43.
Bondarenko, O. B. 1977. Development trends and systematics of the Late Ordovician tabulate coral Proheliolitidae. Paleontologicheski Zhurnal , 4, 34-46.
Bondarenko, O. B. 1971. The Volume of the New Family Stelliporellidae (Heliolitida). Paleozoic Tabulata and Heliolitoidea of the USSR, pp. 179-178.
Klaamann, E. 1971. Über einige Korallen aus der Bohrung von File Haidar (Gotland, Schweden). Eesti NSV Teaduste Akadeemia Toimetised. Geoloogia / Известия Академии наук Эстонской ССР. Геология 20, 1, 73-77.
Kaljo, D., Klaamann, E. 1965. The fauna of the Portrane limestone, III. The Corals. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Geology 10, 11, 413-434.
Spjeldnaes, N. 1964. Two compound corals from the Tretaspis beds of the Oslo-Asker District. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 44, 1, 1-10.
Klaamann, E. R. 1961. The Wenlockian tabulata and heliolitida of Estonia. ENSV TA Geoloogia Instituudi uurimused VI, 69-112. ENSV Teaduste Akadeemia Geoloogia Instituudi Uurimused VI, pp. 69-112.
Sokolov, B. S. 1955. Tabulâty paleozoâ Evropejskoj časti SSSR. Vvedenie. Obŝie voprosy sistematiki i istorii razvitiâ tabulât (s harakteristikoj morfologičeski blizkih grupp). Trudy Vsesoûznogo Naučno-Issledovatel'skogo Geologo-Razvedočnogo Instituta (VNIGRI) 85, 1-328.
Hill, D. 1953. The Middle Ordovician of the Oslo Region, Norway: 2. Some Rugose and Tabulate Corals. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 31, 143-168.
Kiaer, J. 1908. Das Obersilur im Kristianiagebiete. Eine stratigraphisch-faunistische Untersuchung. Skrifter Norske Videnskaps-Akad. Oslo 2, 1-596.
Kiaer, J. 1904. Revision der mittelsilurischen Heliolitiden und neue Beiträge zur Stammesgeschichte derselben. Skrifter Norske Videnskaps-Akad. Oslo 2, 10, 1-58.
Lindström, G. 1899. Remarks on the Heliolitidae. Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademiens Handlingar 32, 1, 1-140.
Kiaer, J. 1899. Die Korallenfauna der Etage 5 des norwegischen Silursystems. Palaeontographica 46, 1-60.
Schmidt, Fr. 1858. Untersuchungen über die Silurische Formation von Ehstland, Nord-Livland und Oesel. Archiv für die Naturkunde Liv-, Ehst- und Kurlands 2, 1, 1-249.
Eichwald, E. 1856. Beitrag zur geographischen Verbreitung der fossilen Thiere Russlands. Alte Periode. (Fortsetzung). Bulletin of Moscow Society of Naturalists. Geology 29, 1, 88-127.
Eichwald, E. 1855. Beitrag zur geographischen Verbreitung der fossilen Thiere Russlands. Alte Periode. Bulletin de la Société Imperiale des Naturalistes de Moscou 28, 4, 433-466.
Eichwald, E. 1854. Die Grauwackenschichten von Liv- und Estland. Bulletin de la Société Imperiale des Naturalistes de Moscou 27, 1, 1-111.