Echinodermata

Pelmatozoa Pratt, 1989

Selection of related publications
Ausich, W. I., Wilson, M. A., Tinn, O. 2020. Kalana Lagerstätte crinoids: Early Silurian (Llandovery) of central Estonia. Journal of Paleontology 94, 1, 131-144. DOI:10.1017/jpa.2019.27
Cole, S. R., Toom, U. 2019. New camerate crinoid genera from the Upper Ordovician (Katian) of Estonia: evolutionary origin of family Opsiocrinidae and a phylogenetic assessment of Ordovician Monobathrida. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 17, 7, 597-611. DOI:10.1080/14772019.2018.1447519
Wright, D. F., Toom, U. 2017. New crinoids from the Baltic region (Estonia): fossil tip-dating phylogenetics constrains the origin and Ordovician-Silurian diversification of the Flexibilia (Echinodermata). Palaeontology 60, 6, 893-910. DOI:10.1111/pala.12324
Ausich, W. I., Wilson, M. A. 2016. Llandovery (early Silurian) crinoids from Hiiumaa Island, western Estonia. Journal of Paleontology 90, 6, 1138-1147. DOI:10.1017/jpa.2016.120
Rozhnov, S. V. 2016. Aboral Nervous System in Two Ordovician Crinoids: Reconstruction and Comparison of Baltic Pentamerocrinus Jaekel and Grammocrinus Eichwald. Paleontological Journal , 2, 58-67. DOI:10.1134/S0031030116020064
Ausich, W. I., Rozhnov, S. V., Kammer, T. W. 2015. Iocrinid Crinoids from the Ordovician of the Baltic Region, Estonia. Paleontological Journal 49, 2, 145-152. DOI:10.1134/S0031030115020069
Ausich, W. I., Wilson, M. A., Vinn, O. 2015. Wenlock and Pridoli (Silurian) crinoids from Saaremaa, western Estonia (Phylum Echinodermata). Journal of Paleontology 89, 1, 72-81. DOI:10.1017/jpa.2014.6
Rozhnov, S. V. 2013. A new Genus of Parablastoidea (Echinodermata) from the Middle Ordovician of Ladoga Glint on the Volkhov River (Ladoga Region). Paleontological Journal 47, 2, 154-161. DOI:10.1134/S003103011302010X
Rozhnov, S. V. 2012. Reinterpretation of Baltic Ordovician Heckerites multistellatus Rozhnov, 1987 as a possible paracrinoid based on new material. Zoosymposia 7, 307-316. DOI:10.11646/zoosymposia.7.1.28
Ausich, W. I., Wilson, M. A., Vinn, O. 2012. Crinoids from the Silurian of Western Estonia. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 57, 3, 613-631. DOI:10.4202/app.2010.0094
Rozhnov, S. V. 2007. New data on perittocrinids and hybocrinids (Crinoidea, Echinodermata) from the Middle Ordovician of the Baltic region. Annales de Paléontologie 93, 4, 261-276. DOI:10.1016/j.annpal.2007.09.004
Rozhnov, S. V., Fedorov, P. V. 2001. A New Cryptocrinid Genus (Eocrinoidea, Echinodermata) from the Bioherm-related Volkhov Facies (Late Arenigian, Ordovician), Leningrad Region. Paleontologicheski Zhurnal 35, 6, 606-613.
Stukalina, G. A. 2000. Silurian of the Siberian Platform Crinoids. Transactions of the Paleontological Institute (PIN) 278, 1-108.
Rozhnov, S. V. 1997. Unusual Eocrinoid (?) (Echinodermata) from Volkhov Horizon (Early Ordovician, Arenig) of St-Petersburg Region. Paleontologicheski Zhurnal , 1, 59-64.
Arendt, Yu. A., Rozhnov, S. V. 1995. On the hemistreptocrinoids (Echinodermata). Paleontologicheski Zhurnal 1, 119-122.
Rozhnov, S. V., Kushlina, V. B. 1994. New interpretation of bolboporids (Echinodermata, ?Eocrinoidea). Paleontologicheski Zhurnal 1994, 2, 59-65.
Rozhnov, S. V. 1991. A new eocrinoid order from Lower Ordovician. Paleontologicheski Zhurnal , 2, 34-44.
Rozhnov, S. 1990. Morphology and systematic position of Middle Ordovician Virucrinus Rozhnov gen. nov. (Crinoidea, Inadunata, Disparida) from North Estonia. Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences. Geology 39, 2, 68-75.
Kõrts, A. 1989. Brachiolar plates of Bockia (Eocrinoidea) from the Middle Ordovician of Estonia and Leningrad Region. Fossil and Recent Echinoderm researches, pp. 34-37.
Stukalina, G. A., Hints, L. 1989. On the morphology and systematics of Achradocystites (Paracrinoidea). Fossil and Recent Echinoderm researches, pp. 58-72.
Rozhnov, S. V., Männil, R. M., Nestor, H. E. 1989. Pisocrinid crinoids from the Lower Silurian of the East Baltic. Fossil and Recent Echinoderm researches, pp. 73-80.
Rozhnov, S. V. 1988. Morfologiâ i sistematičeskoe položenie nižneordovikskih morskih lilij. Paleontologicheski Zhurnal , 2, 67-79.
Donovan, S. K., Franzén-Bengtson, C. 1988. Myelodactylid crinoid columnals from the Lower Visby Beds (Llandoverian) of Gotland. GFF 110, 1, 69-79. DOI:10.1080/11035898809453122
Stukalina, G. A. 1988. Studies in Paleozoic crinoid-columnals and -stems. Palaeontographica 204, 1-66.
Rozhnov, S. V., Männil, R. M., Nestor, H. E. 1987. Pisocrinids from the Silurian of Baltics. Problems of phylogenese and taxonomy of echinoderms. Abstracts, pp. 79-80.
Stukalina, G., Hints, L. 1987. Columnals of echinoderms with condylial articulation ( the Ordovician of the Baltic area). Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the Estonian SSR. Geology 36, 3, 104-112.
Donovan, S. K. 1986. A new genus of Inadunate crinoid with unique stem morphology from the Ashgill of Sweden. Palaeontology 29, 2, 235-242.
Stukalina, G. A. 1986. Zakonomernosti istoričeskogo razvitiâ krinoidej v rannem i srednem paleozoe SSSR.
Hynda, V. A. 1984. Columns of new Ordovician crinoids of the south-western margin of the East-European platform. Paleontologicheskii sbornik 21, 58-63.
Donovan, S. K. 1984. Ristnacrinus and the earliest myelodactylid from the Ashgillian Boda Limestone of Sweden. GFF 109, 4, 347-356. DOI:10.1080/11035898509454663
Franzén, C. 1983. Ecology and taxonomy of Silurian crinoids from Gotland. Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis 665, 1-31.
Franzén-Bengtson, C. 1983. Radial perforations in crinoid stems from the Silurian of Gotland. Lethaia 16, 4, 291-302. DOI:10.1111/j.1502-3931.1983.tb02012.x
Franzén, C. 1982. A Silurian crinoid thanatotope from Gotland. GFF 103, 4, 469-490. DOI:10.1080/11035898209453725
Bockelie, J. F. 1981. The Middle Ordovician of the Oslo Region, Norway: 30. The eocrinoid genera Cryptocrinites, Rhipidocystis and Bockia. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 61, 2, 123-147.
Rozhnov, S. V. 1981. Crinoids of superfamily Pisocrinacea.
Yeltyscheva, R. S. 1979. Stebli paleozojskih morskih lilij Pribaltiki (verhni ordovik). Voprosy paleontologii , 94-106. Voprosy paleontolgii, pp. 94-106.
Franzén, C. 1979. Echinoderms. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning 73, 3, 216-224. Lower Wenlock faunal and floral dynamics - Vattenfallet section, Gotland, pp. 216-224.
Stukalina, G., Hints, L. 1979. New finds of Echinoderms in the Upper Viruan deposits of North Estonia. Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the Estonian SSR. Geology 28, 1, 1-10.
Stukalina, G. A. 1979. A new family of Ordovician crinoids. Paleontologicheski Zhurnal 4, 89-95.
Moore, R. C., Lane, N. G., Strimple, H. L., Sprinkle, J., Fay, R. O. 1978. Inadunata. Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology. Part T. Echinodermata 2, pp. T520-T759.
Franzén, C. 1977. Crinoid holdfasts from the Silurian of Gotland. Lethaia 10, 3, 219-234. DOI:10.1111/j.1502-3931.1977.tb00617.x
Arendt, Yu. A. 1976. Ordovikskie iglokožie gemistreptokrinoidei. Bulletin of Moscow Society of Naturalists. Geology 51, 2, 63-84.
Yeltyscheva, R. S. 1975. Krinoidei pograničnyh sloev ordovika i silura Podolii. Voprosy paleontologii VII, 124-144.
Regnéll, G. 1973. Tidiga tagghudingar. Fauna och flora 4, 161-165.
Yeltyscheva, R. S., Sizova, Y. N. 1971. Ontogenetičeskie izmeneniâ steblej nekotoryh paleozojskih krinoidej (Columnals - stebli morskih lilij). Voprosy paleontologii VI, 33-40.
Rõõmusoks, A. 1970. Stratigraphy of the Viruan Series (Middle Ordovician) in Northern Estonia, I.
Yeltyscheva, R. S. 1966. Stebli ordovikskih morskih lilij Pribaltiki (srednij ordovik). Voprosy paleontologii V, 53-70.
Hecker, R. F. 1964. Tip Echinodermata. Iglokožie. Osnovy paleontologii. Iglokožie, gemihordovye, pogonofory i ŝetinkočelûstnye, pp. 23-108.
Yeltyscheva, R. S. 1964. Stebli ordovikskih morskih lilij Pribaltiki (nižnij ordovik). Voprosy paleontologii IV, 59-82.
Männil, Ralf 1959. New Representatives of Hoplocrinus from the Middle Ordovician of Estonia. Tartu Riikliku Ülikooli Toimetised 75, I, 82-97. Töid Eesti NSV geoloogia alalt, I, pp. 82-97.
Männil, Ralf 1958. Zur Stratigraphie der oberordovizischen Nabala-Stufe (FIa) in Estland. ENSV TA Geoloogia Instituudi uurimused II, 3-17. Eesti NSV Teaduste Akadeemia Geoloogia Instituudi Uurimused II, pp. 3-17.
Ubaghs, G. 1958. Recherches sur les Crinoïdes Camerata du Silurien de Gotland (Suède). Arkiv För Zoologi 11, 16, 259-306.
Hecker, R. F. 1958. New data on the genus Achradocystites (Echinodermata, Paracrinoidea). ENSV TA Geoloogia Instituudi uurimused III, 145-163. Eesti NSV Teaduste Akadeemia Geoloogia Instituudi Uurimused III, pp. 145-163.
Yeltyscheva, R. S. 1957. O novom semejstve paleozojskih morskih lilij. Ežegodnik Vsesoûznogo Paleontologičeskogo Obŝestva XVI, 218-234.
Ubaghs, G. 1956. Recherches sur les Crinoïdes Camerata du Silurien de Gotland (Suède). Arkiv För Zoologi 2, 27, 551-572.
Ubaghs, G. 1956. Recherches sur les Crinoïdes Camerata du Silurien de Gotland (Suède). Arkiv För Zoologi 9, 26, 515-550.
Yakovlev, N. N. 1956. A revision of the characteristics of the genus Ristnacrinus Öpik. Ežegodnik Vsesoûznogo Paleontologičeskogo Obŝestva XV, 155-157.
Regnéll, G. 1948. Swedish Hybocrinida (Crinoidea Inadunata Disparata; Ordovician-Lower Silurian). Arkiv För Zoologi 40 A, 9, 1-27.
Regnéll, G. 1948. An Outline of the Succession and Migration of Non-Crinoid Pelmatozoan Faunas in the Lower Paleozoic of Scandinavia. Arkiv för kemi, mineralogi och geologi 26 A, 13, 1-55.
Hecker, R. F. 1940. Nižnesilurijskie i devonskie iglokožie. Carpoidea, Eocrinoidea i Ophiocistia nižnego silura Leningradskoj oblasti i Èstonii . Transactions of the Paleontological Institute (PIN) 9, 4, 5-82.
Hecker, R. F. 1938. New data on Rhipidocystis Jkl (Oder Digitata n. o. class Carpoidea Jkl) and on a new Genus Bockia (subclass Eocrinoidea Jkl. class Crinoidea Mill.) from the Ordovician of Leningrad province, USSR, and Estonia. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 19, 5, 421-425.
Öpik, A. 1935. Amphipora ramosa (Phill.) in the Marine Devonian of Estonia. Tartu Ülikooli Geoloogia Instituudi Toimetused 41, 1-7.
Öpik, A. 1935. Hoplocrinus - eine stiellose Seelilie aus dem Ordovizium Estlands. Tartu Ülikooli Geoloogia Instituudi Toimetused 43, 1-15.
Öpik, A. 1934. Ristnacrinus, a new Ordovician crinoid from Estonia. Tartu Ülikooli Geoloogia Instituudi Toimetused 40, 1-7.
Teichert, C. 1928. Stratigraphische und paläontologische Untersuchungen im unteren Gotlandium (Tamsal-Stufe) des westlichen Estland und der Insel Dagö. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie. Monatshefte: Abt. B. Geologie, Paläontologie 60, 1-112.
Öpik, A. 1925. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Kukruse-(C2-) Stufe in Eesti. I. Tartu Ülikooli Geoloogia Instituudi Toimetused 4, 1-18.
Bekker, H. 1921. The Kuckers stage of the Ordovician Rocks in NE Estonia. Acta et Commentationes Universitatis Tartuensis II, 1, 1-90.
Jaekel, O. 1918. Phylogenie und System der Pelmatozoen. Paläontologische Zeitschrift 3, 1, 1-128. DOI:10.1007/BF03190413
Jaekel, O. 1902. Ueber verschiedene Wege phylogenetischer Entwicklung. Verhandlungen des V. Internationalen Zoologen-Congresses zu Berlin. 12-16 August 1901, pp. 1058-1117.
Jaekel, O. 1900. Ueber einen neuen Pentacrinoideen-Typus aus dem Obersilur. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 52, 3, 480-487.
Angelin, N. P. 1878. Iconographica crinoideorum in stratis Sueciae siluricis fossilium. 2. Cystidea.
Schmidt, Fr. 1874. Über einige neue und wenig bekannte baltisch-silurische Petrefacten. Mémoires de l´Académie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Petersbourg 21, 11, 1-48. Miscellanea silurica II, pp. 1-48.
Grewingk, C. 1867. Ueber Hoplocrinus dipentas und Baerocrinus Ungerni. Archiv für die Naturkunde Liv-, Ehst- und Kurlands 4, 1, 100-114. Archiv für die Naturkunde Liv-, Ehst- und Kurlands. Erster Serie, Bd. IV, pp. 100-114.
Eichwald, E. 1866. Die Rhytina borealis und der Homocrinus dipentas in der Lethea Rossica. Bulletin of Moscow Society of Naturalists. Geology 39, 1, 138-162.
Eichwald, E. 1861. Paleontologiâ Rossii. Drevnij period. II. Fauna grauvakkovoj, gornoizvestkovoj i medistoslancevatoj formacij Rossii.
Eichwald, E. 1860. Lethaea Rossica ou Paléontologie de la Russie, décrite et figurée. Premier volume, Seconde Section de l’ancienne Période. DOI:10.5962/bhl.title.52391
Pander, C. H. 1830. Beiträge zur Geognosie des Russischen Reiches.
Hisinger, W. 1828. Annotations in physics and geognosi during travels in Sweden and Norway, IV.