Pelmatozoa Pratt, 1989

Selection of related publications
Cole, S.R., Toom, U. 2019. New camerate crinoid genera from the Upper Ordovician (Katian) of Estonia: evolutionary origin of family Opsiocrinidae and a phylogenetic assessment of Ordovician Monobathrida. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 17, 7, 597-611. DOI:10.1080/14772019.2018.1447519
Wright, D. F. & Toom, U. 2017. New crinoids from the Baltic region (Estonia): fossil tip-dating phylogenetics constrains the origin and Ordovician-Silurian diversification of the Flexibilia (Echinodermata). Palaeontology 60, 6, 893-910. DOI:10.1111/pala.12324
Rozhnov, S. V. 2016. Aboral Nervous System in Two Ordovician Crinoids: Reconstruction and Comparison of Baltic Pentamerocrinus Jaekel and Grammocrinus Eichwald. Paleontological Journal , 2, 58-67. DOI:10.1134/S0031030116020064
Ausich, W.I., Wilson, M.A. 2016. Llandovery (early Silurian) crinoids from Hiiumaa Island, western Estonia. Journal of Paleontology , 1, 1-10. DOI:10.1017/jpa.2016.120
Paul, C. R. C. & Rozhnov, S. V. 2016. Revision of Scoliocystis (Rhombifera: Echinoencrinitidae) and related cystoid genera. Paleontological Journal 50, 3, 255-275. DOI:10.1134/S0031030116030059
Ausich, W. I., Rozhnov, S. V. & Kammer, T. W. 2015. Iocrinid Crinoids from the Ordovician of the Baltic Region, Estonia. Paleontological Journal 49, 2, 145-152. DOI:10.1134/S0031030115020069
Ausich, W. I., Wilson, M. A. & Vinn, O. 2015. Wenlock and Pridoli (Silurian) crinoids from Saaremaa, western Estonia (Phylum Echinodermata). Journal of Paleontology 89, 1, 72-81. DOI:10.1017/jpa.2014.6
Rozhnov, S. V. 2013. A new Genus of Parablastoidea (Echinodermata) from the Middle Ordovician of Ladoga Glint on the Volkhov River (Ladoga Region). Paleontological Journal 47, 2, 154-161. DOI:10.1134/S003103011302010X
Rozhnov, S. V. 2012. Reinterpretation of Baltic Ordovician Heckerites multistellatus Rozhnov, 1987 as a possible paracrinoid based on new material. Zoosymposia 7, 307-316. DOI:10.11646/zoosymposia.7.1.28
Ausich, W.I., Wilson, M.A., Vinn, O. 2012. Crinoids from the Silurian of Western Estonia. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 57, 3, 613-631. DOI:10.4202/app.2010.0094
Rozhnov, S.V. 2007. New data on perittocrinids and hybocrinids (Crinoidea, Echinodermata) from the Middle Ordovician of the Baltic region. Annales de Paléontologie 93, 4, 261-276. DOI:10.1016/j.annpal.2007.09.004
Rozhnov, S. V. & Fedorov, P. V. 2001. A New Cryptocrinid Genus (Eocrinoidea, Echinodermata) from the Bioherm-related Volkhov Facies (Late Arenigian, Ordovician), Leningrad Region. Paleontologicheski Zhurnal 6, , 42-49.
Stukalina, G. A. 2000. Silurian crinoids of Siberian Platform. Transactions of the Paleontological Institute (PIN) 278, 1-108.
Rozhnov, S. V. 1997. Unusual Eocrinoid (?) (Echinodermata) from Volkhov Horizon (Early Ordovician, Arenig) of St-Petersburg Region. Paleontologicheski Zhurnal , 1, 59-64.
Arendt, Yu. A. & Rozhnov, S. V. 1995. On the hemistreptocrinoids (Echinodermata). Paleontologicheski Zhurnal 1, 119-122.
Rozhnov, S. V. & Kushlina, V. B. 1994. New interpretation of bolboporids (Echinodermata, ?Eocrinoidea). Paleontologicheski Zhurnal 1994, 2, 59-65.
Rozhnov, S. V. 1991. A new eocrinoid order from Lower Ordovician. Paleontologicheski Zhurnal , 2, 34-44.
Rozhnov, S. 1990. Morphology and systematic position of Middle Ordovician Virucrinus Rozhnov gen. nov. (Crinoidea, Inadunata, Disparida) from North Estonia. Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences. Geology 39, 2, 68-75.
Stukalina, G. A. & Hints, L. 1989. On the morphology and systematics of Achradocystites (Paracrinoidea). Fossil and Recent Echinoderm researches. Kaljo, D. L. (Eds.), pp. 58-72.
Kõrts, A. 1989. Brachiolar plates of Bockia (Eocrinoidea) from the Middle Ordovician of Estonia and Leningrad Region. Fossil and Recent Echinoderm researches. Kaljo, D. L. (Eds.), pp. 34-37.
Rozhnov, S. V., Männil, R. M. & Nestor, H. E. 1989. Pisocrinid crinoids from the Lower Silurian of the East Baltic. Fossil and Recent Echinoderm researches. Kaljo, D. L. (Eds.), pp. 73-80.
Stukalina, G. A. 1988. Studies in Paleozoic crinoid-columnals and -stems. Palaeontographica 204, 1-66.
Rozhnov, S. V. 1988. Morphology and systematic position of the Lower Ordovician crinoids. Paleontologicheski Zhurnal , 2, 67-79.
Donovan, S. K. & Franzén-Bengtson, C. 1988. Myelodactylid crinoid columnals from the Lower Visby Beds (Llandoverian) of Gotland. GFF 110, 1, 69-79. DOI:10.1080/11035898809453122
Rozhnov, S. V., Männil, R. M. & Nestor, H. E. 1987. Pisocrinids from the Silurian of Baltics. Problems of phylogenese and taxonomy of echinoderms, pp. 79-80.
Stukalina, G. & Hints, L. 1987. Columnals of echinoderms with condylial articulation ( the Ordovician of the Baltic area). Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the Estonian SSR. Geology 36, 3, 104-112.
Stukalina, G. A. 1986. Laws of historical development of crinoidea in the early and middle Paleozoic of the USSR.
Donovan, S. K. 1986. A new genus of Inadunate crinoid with unique stem morphology from the Ashgill of Sweden. Palaeontology 29, 2, 235-242.
Hynda, V. A. 1984. Columns of new Ordovician crinoids of the south-western margin of the East-European platform. Paleontologicheskii sbornik 21, , 58-63.
Donovan, S. K. 1984. Ristnacrinus and the earliest myelodactylid from the Ashgillian Boda Limestone of Sweden. GFF 109, 4, 347-356. DOI:10.1080/11035898509454663
Franzén-Bengtson, C. 1983. Radial perforations in crinoid stems from the Silurian of Gotland. Lethaia 16, 4, 291-302. DOI:10.1111/j.1502-3931.1983.tb02012.x
Franzén, C. 1983. Ecology and taxonomy of Silurian crinoids from Gotland. Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis 665, 1-31.
Franzén, C. 1982. A Silurian crinoid thanatotope from Gotland. GFF 103, 4, 469-490. DOI:10.1080/11035898209453725
Rozhnov, S. V. 1981. Crinoids of superfamily Pisocrinacea.
Bockelie, J. F. 1981. Morphology, growth and taxonomy of the Ordovician rhombiferan Caryocystites. GFF 103, 4, 499-513. DOI:10.1080/11035898209453727
Bockelie, J. F. 1981. The Middle Ordovician of the Oslo Region, Norway: 30. The eocrinoid genera Cryptocrinites, Rhipidocystis and Bockia. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 61, 123-147.
Bockelie, J. F. 1981. A re-evaluation of the Ordovician cystoid Stichocystis Jaekel and the taxonomic implications. GFF 103, 1, 51-59. DOI:10.1080/11035898109455204
Stukalina, G. & Hints, L. 1979. New finds of Echinoderms in the Upper Viruan deposits of North Estonia. Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the Estonian SSR. Geology 28, 1, 1-10.
Franzén, C. 1979. Echinoderms. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning 73, 3, 216-224. Lower Wenlock faunal and floral dynamics - Vattenfallet section, Gotland. Eds: Jaanusson, V. et al., pp. 216-224.
Stukalina, G. A. 1979. A new family of Ordovician crinoids. Paleontologicheski Zhurnal 4, 89-95.
Bockelie, J. F. 1979. Taxonomy, functional morphology and palaeoecology of the Ordovician cystoid family Hemicosmitidae. Palaeontology 22, 2, 363-406.
Yeltyscheva, R. S. 1979. Stems of Paleozoic sea lilies of the Baltic area (Upper Ordovician). Collection papers "Problems Paleontology", pp. 94-100.
Moore, R. C., Lane, N. G., Strimple, H. L., Sprinkle, J. & Fay, 1978. Inadunata. Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology. Part T. Echinodermata 2, pp. T520--T759.
Franzén, C. 1977. Crinoid holdfasts from the Silurian of Gotland. Lethaia 10, 3, 219-234. DOI:10.1111/j.1502-3931.1977.tb00617.x
Arendt, Yu. A. 1976. Ordovician echinodermata: Hemistreptocrinida. Bulletin of Moscow Society of Naturalists. Geology 51, 2, 63-84.
Yeltyscheva, R. S. 1975. Crinoids of Ordovician/Silurian boundary beds in Podolia. Voprosy paleontologii VII, 124-144. Voprosy paleontologi, VII, pp. 124-144.
Regnéll, G. 1973. Tidiga tagghudingar. Fauna och flora 4, 161-165.
Bockelie, J. F. 1973. The Presence of Prunocystites (Cystoidea) in Stage 9e of Ringerike, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 53, 317-321.
Yeltyscheva, R. S. & Sizova, Y. N. 1971. Onto-genetic modifications of the stems of some Paleozoic crinoids (columnals - stems of sea lilies). Voprosy paleontologii VI, 33-40. Voprosy paleontologi, VI, pp. 33-40.
Rõõmusoks, A. 1970. Stratigraphy of the Viruan Series (Middle Ordovician) in Northern Estonia, I.
Yeltyscheva, R. S. 1966. Stems of Ordovician sea lilies from Baltics. Voprosy paleontologii V, 53-70. Voprosy paleontologi, V, pp. 53-70.
Yeltyscheva, R. S. 1964. Stems of Ordovician sea lilies of the Baltic area (Lower Ordovician). Voprosy paleontologii IV, 59-82. Voprosy paleontologi, IV, pp. 59-82.
Hecker, R. F. 1964. Phylum Echinodermata. Bases of paleontology, pp. 23-108.
Männil, R. M. 1959. New Representatives of Hoplocrinus from the Middle Ordovician of Estonia. Tartu Riikliku Ülikooli Toimetised 75, I, 82-97. Töid Eesti NSV geoloogia alalt, I, pp. 82-97.
Ubaghs, G. 1958. Recherches sur les Crinoïdes Camerata du Silurien de Gotland (Suède). Arkiv För Zoologi 11, 16, 259-306.
Männil, Ralf 1958. Zur Stratigraphie der oberordovizischen Nabala-Stufe (FIa) in Estland. Trudy Instituta geologii AN ESSR 2, 3-17. Eesti NSV Teaduste Akadeemia Geoloogia Instituudi Uurimused II, pp. 3-17.
Hecker, R. F. 1958. New data on the genus Achradocystites (Echinodermata, Paracrinoidea). Trudy Instituta geologii AN ESSR 3, 145-163. Eesti NSV Teaduste Akadeemia Geoloogia Instituudi Uurimused III, pp. 145-163.
Yeltyscheva, R. S. 1957. A new family of Paleozoic crinoids. Yearbook of All-Union Paleontological Society XVI, 218-234.
Ubaghs, G. 1956. Recherches sur les Crinoïdes Camerata du Silurien de Gotland (Suède). Arkiv För Zoologi 9, 26, 515-550.
Ubaghs, G. 1956. Recherches sur les Crinoïdes Camerata du Silurien de Gotland (Suède). Arkiv För Zoologi 2, 27, 551-572.
Yakovlev, N. N. 1956. A revision of the characteristics of the genus Ristnacrinus Öpik. Yearbook of All-Union Paleontological Society XV, 155-157.
Regnéll, G. 1948. Echinoderms (hydrophoridae, ophiocistia) from the Ordovician (Upper Skiddavian) of the Oslo region. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 27, , 14-58.
Regnéll, G. 1948. An Outline of the Succession and Migration of Non-Crinoid Pelmatozoan Faunas in the Lower Paleozoic of Scandinavia. Arkiv för kemi, mineralogi och geologi 26 A, 13, 1-55.
Regnéll, G. 1948. Swedish Hybocrinida (Crinoidea Inadunata Disparata; Ordovician-Lower Silurian). Arkiv För Zoologi 40 A, 9, 1-27.
Regnéll, G. 1945. Non-Crinoid Pelmatozoa from the Paleozoic of Sweden. A taxonomic study. Meddelanden från Lunds Geologisk-Mineralogiska Institution 108, 1-255.
Hecker, R. F. 1940. Ordovician and Devonian echinoderms. Carpoidea, Eocrinoidea and Ophiocistia from Ordovicium of Leningrad district and Estonia . Transactions of the Paleontological Institute (PIN) 9, 4, 5-82.
Hecker, R. F. 1938. New data on Rhipidocystis Jkl (order Digitata n. o., class Carpoidea Jkl) and on a new genus Bockia (subclass Eocrinoidea Jkl, class Crinoidea Mill.) from the Ordovician of Leningrad province, USSR, and Estonia. Dokladõ Akademii nauk SSSR 19, 5, 421-425.
Phleger, F. B. 1935. Some Ordovician cystids from Russia. Harvard University Museum of Comparative Zoology Special Publication LXXVI, 5, 193-201.
Öpik, A. 1935. Hoplocrinus - eine stiellose Seelilie aus dem Ordovizium Estlands. Tartu Ülikooli Geoloogia Instituudi Toimetused 43, 1-15. Tartu Ülikooli Geoloogia Instituudi Toimetused Nr 43, pp. 1-15.
Öpik, A. 1935. Amphipora ramosa (Phill.) in the Marine Devonian of Estonia. Tartu Ülikooli Geoloogia Instituudi Toimetused , 41, 1-7.
Öpik, A. 1934. Ristnacrinus, a new Ordovician crinoid from Estonia. Tartu Ülikooli Geoloogia Instituudi Toimetused , 40, 1-7.
Öpik, A. 1934. Üks tsüstiid Eesti Megalaspislubjakivist. Eesti Loodus , 1, 17-20.
Teichert, C. 1928. Stratigraphische und paläontologische Untersuchungen im unteren Gotlandium (Tamsal-Stufe) des westlichen Estland und der Insel Dagö.. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie. Monatshefte: Abt. B. Geologie, Paläontologie 60, 1-112.
Öpik, A. 1925. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Kukruse-(C2-)Stufe in Eesti. I. Tartu Ülikooli Geoloogia Instituudi Toimetused , 1-18.
Bekker, H. 1925. Lühike ülevaade Eesti geoloogiast. (Eozoiline ja paleozoiline ladekond). Eesti. Maa, rahvas, kultuur, pp. 31-61.
Hecker, R. F. 1923. Echinosphaeritidae of the Silurian of Russia. Trav. Mus. Géol. Min. Pierre le Grand Acad. Sci. Russie IV, 1, 1-63.
Bekker, H. 1921. The Kuckers Stage of the Ordovician Rocks in NE Estonia. Acta Univ. Tartu A II, 1, 1-90.
Jaekel, O. 1918. Phylogenie und System der Pelmatozoen. Paläontologische Zeitschrift 3, 1, 1-128. DOI:10.1007/BF03190413
Jaekel, O. 1902. Ueber verschiedene Wege phylogenetischer Entwicklung. Verhandlungen des V. Internationalen Zoologen-Congresses zu Berlin. 12-16 August 1901, pp. 1058-1117.
Jaekel, O. 1900. Über einen neuen Pentacrinodeen-Typus aus dem Obersilur. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft , 480-487.
Jaekel, O. 1899. Stammesgesihichte der Pelmatozoen. Erster Band. Thecoidea und Cystoidea.
Angelin, N. P. 1878. Iconographica crinoideorum in stratis Sueciae siluricis fossilium. 2. Cystidea.
Schmidt, Fr. 1874. Uber einige neue und wenig bekannte baltisch-silurische Petrefacten.
Volborth, A. 1870. Über Achradocystites und Cystoblastus, zwei neue Crinoideen-Gattungen, eingeleitet durch kritische Betrachtungen über die Organe der Cystideen. Mémoires de l´Académie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Petersbourg 16, 2, 1-15.
Grewingk, C. 1867. Ueber Hoplocrinus dipentas und Baerocrinus Ungerni. Archiv für die Naturkunde Liv-, Ehst- und Kurlands I, 4, 100-114. Archiv für die Naturkunde Liv-, Ehst- und Kurlands. Erster Serie, Bd. IV, pp. 100-114.
Eichwald, E. 1866. Die Rhytiana borealis und der Homocrinus dipentas in der Lethea Rossica. Bulletin of Moscow Society of Naturalists. Geology 39, 1, 138-162.
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