Anthozoa Ehrenberg, 1834

Selection of related publications
Toom, U., Vinn, O., Hints, O. 2019. Ordovician and Silurian ichnofossils from carbonate facies in Estonia: A collection-based review. Palaeoworld 28, 1-2, 123-144. DOI:10.1016/j.palwor.2018.07.001
Liang, K., Elias, R.J., Lee, D.-J. 2019. Morphometrics, growth characteristics, and phylogenetic implications of Halysites catenularius (Tabulata, Silurian, Estonia). Journal of Paleontology 93, 2, 215-231. DOI:10.1017/jpa.2018.73
Vinn, O., Toom, U., Ernst, A. 2018. Intergrowth of Orbignyella germana Bassler, 1911 (Bryozoa) and Lambelasma carinatum Weyer, 1993 (Rugosa) in the pelmatozoan-bryozoan-receptaculitid reefs from the Late Ordovician of Estonia. Palaeontologia Electronica , 21.1.4A, 1-7. DOI:10.26879/818
Vinn, O., Toom, U. 2017. Early symbiotic rugosan endobionts in stromatoporoids from the Rhuddanian of Estonia (Baltica). Lethaia 50, 2, 237-243. DOI:10.1111/let.12190
Vinn, O., Liang, K., Toom, U. 2017. Endobiotic rugose coral symbionts in Silurian tabulate corals from Estonia (Baltica). Palaios 32, 3, 158-165. DOI:10.2110/palo.2016.084
Vinn, O., Ernst, A., Toom, U. 2017. Rare rugosan-bryozoan intergrowth from the Upper Ordovician of Estonia. Carnets de Géologie 17, 7, 145-151. DOI:10.4267/2042/62664
Zatoń, M., Vinn, O., Toom, U. 2016. A new microconchid species from the Silurian of Baltica. Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences 65, 2, 115-123. DOI:10.3176/earth.2016.09
Vinn, O., Ernst, A., Toom, U. 2016. Earliest symbiotic rugosans in cystoporate bryozoan Ceramopora intercellata Bassler, 1911 from Late Ordovician of Estonia (Baltica). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 461, 140-144. DOI:10.1016/j.palaeo.2016.08.016
Vinn, O., Wilson, M. A. 2016. Symbiotic interactions in the Silurian of Baltica. Lethaia 49, 3, 413-420. DOI:10.1111/let.12158
Vinn, O., Wilson, M. A., Toom, U., Mõtus, M.-A. 2015. Earliest known rugosan-stromatoporoid symbiosis from the Llandovery of Estonia (Baltica). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 431, 1-5. DOI:10.1016/j.palaeo.2015.04.023
Kershaw, S., Mõtus, M. 2014. Palaeoecology of Corals and Stromatoporoids in an Upper Silurian Biostrome in Estonia. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 61, 1, 33-50. DOI:10.4202/app.00094.2014
Vinn, O., Mõtus, M.-A. 2014. Endobiotic Rugosan Symbionts in Stromatoporoids from the Sheinwoodian (Silurian) of Baltica. PLOS ONE 9, 2, 1-7. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0090197
Vinn, O., Wilson, M. A., Mõtus, M.-A. 2014. Symbiotic endobiont biofacies in the Silurian of Baltica. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 404, 24-29. DOI:10.1016/j.palaeo.2014.03.041
Liang, K., Lee, D.-J., Elias, R. J., Pärnaste, H., Mõtus, M.-A. 2013. Growth characteristics of Protoheliolites norvegicus (Tabulata; Upper Ordovician; Estonia). Palaeontology 56, 4, 867-891. DOI:10.1111/pala.12022
Vinn, O., Mõtus, M.-A. 2012. New endobiotic cornulitid and Cornulites sp. aff. Cornulites celatus (Cornulitida, Tentaculita) from the Katian of Vormsi Island, Estonia. GFF 134, 1, 3-6. DOI:10.1080/11035897.2011.647067
Mõtus, M.-A., Zaika, Y. 2012. The oldest heliolitids from the early Katian of the East Baltic region. GFF 134, 3, 225-234. DOI:10.1080/11035897.2012.721805
Vinn, O., Mõtus, M.-A. 2012. Diverse early endobiotic coral symbiont assemblage from the Katian (Late Ordovician) of Baltica. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 321-322, , 137-141. DOI:10.1016/j.palaeo.2012.01.028
Kaljo, D., Männik, P., Martma, T., Nõlvak, J. 2012. More about the Ordovician-Silurian transition beds at Mirny Creek, Omulev Mountains, NE Russia: carbon isotopes and conodonts. Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences 61, 4, 277-294. DOI:10.3176/earth.2012.4.07
Vinn, O., Wilson, M. A. 2012. Encrustation and bioerosion on late Sheinwoodian (Wenlock, Silurian) stromatoporoids from Saaremaa, Estonia. Carnets de Géologie 12, 2, 183-191. DOI:10.4267/2042/47551
Mõtus, M.-A., Vinn, O. 2009. The worm endosymbionts in tabulate corals from the Silurian of Podolia, Ukraine. Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences 58, 3, 185-192. DOI:10.3176/earth.2009.3.03
Vinn, O., Mõtus, M.-A. 2008. The earliest endosymbiotic mineralized tubeworms from the Silurian of Podolia, Ukraine. Journal of Paleontology 82, 2, 409-414. DOI:10.1666/07-056.1
Mõtus, M.-A. & Hints, O. (eds) 2007. 10th International Symposium on Fossil Cnidaria and Porifera. Excursion B2: Lower Paleozoic geology and corals of Estonia. Excursion Guidebook.
Mõtus, M.-A., Grytsenko, V. 2007. Morphological variation of the tabulate coral Paleofavosites cf. collatatus Klaamann, 1961 from the Silurian of the Bagovichka River localities, Podolia (Ukraine). Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences 56, 3, 143-156. DOI:
Mõtus, M.-A. 2006. Intraspecific variation in Wenlock tabulate corals from Saaremaa (Estonia) and its taxonomic implications. Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences. Geology 55, 1, 24-42.
Jeppsson, L., Calner, M. & Eriksson, M. 2005. Locality descriptions . The Dynamic Silurian Earth. Subcommision on Silurian Stratigraphy Field Meeting 2005. , pp. 22-47.
Young, G. A. & Kershaw, S. 2005. Classification and controls of internal banding in Palaeozoic stromatoporoids and colonial corals. Palaeontology 48, 3, 623-651. DOI:10.1111/j.1475-4983.2005.00480.x
Mõtus, M.-A., Sandström, O. 2005. Cystihalysites sp. and its significance to biostratigraphy and event stratigraphy in the Ludlow (Late Silurian) of Gotland, Sweden. GFF 127, 4, 269-272. DOI:10.1080/11035890501274269
Mõtus, M.-A. 2004. Tabulate corals from the Lower Silurian of Jämtland (Sweden). GFF 126, 4, 339-352. DOI:10.1080/11035890401264339
Neuman, B. E. E. 2003. The new early Palaeozoic rugose coral genera Eurogrewingkia gen. nov. and Fosselasma gen. nov.. Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences. Geology 52, 4, 199-212.
Nestor, H., Einasto, R., Nestor, V., Märss, T. & Viira, V. 2001. Description of the type section, cyclicity, and correlation of the Riksu Formation (Wenlock, Estonia). Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences. Geology 50, 3, 149-173.
Mõtus, M.-A. 2001. Environment related morphological variation in Early Silurian tabulate corals from the Baltic area. Bulletin of the Tohoku University Museum , 1, 62-69.
Johannessen, W. H. 1999. Nyhamnia n. gen., a new monotypic cystiphyllid rugose coral genus from the Lower Silurian of Gotland. GFF 121, 4, 333-335. DOI:10.1080/11035899901214333
Mõtus, M.-A., Klaamann, E. 1999. The halysitid coral genera Halysites and Cystihalysites from Gotland, Sweden. GFF 121, 2, 81-91. DOI:10.1080/11035899901212081
Johannessen, W. 1998. Silurian dissepimentate cystiphyllid rugose corals from Baltoscandia. Doctor scient thesis in palaeontology/historical geology. Geological Institute, University of Bergen, pp. .
Johannessen, W. H. 1998. Two species of the operculate rugose coral genus Rhizophyllum from Ludlovian beds on Gotland. GFF 120, 1, 1-16. DOI:10.1080/11035899801201001
Weyer, D. 1997. Lambelasma balticum n. sp. (Anthozoa, Rugosa) aus einem baltoskandischen Oberordoviz-Geschiebe. Berliner Beiträge zur Geschibeforschung , 43-50.
Neuman, B. E. E. 1997. Aspects on life strategies of the Upper Ordovician rugose coral Bodophyllum duncanae (Spjeldnæs, 1961 from the Oslo Region. Coral Research Bulletin 5, 197-201.
Dixon, O. A. 1996. Heliolitine corals of the upper Douro Formation (upper Silurian), Canadian Arctic Islands.. Journal of Paleontology 70, 5, 718-740. DOI:10.1017/S0022336000023787
Johannessen, W. H. 1995. Nanophyllum, a new monotypic rugose coral genus from the Lower Silurian of Gotland. GFF 117, 1, 53-55. DOI:10.1080/11035899509546197
Johannessen, W. H. 1995. Species of the Silurian operculate rugose coral genera Araeopoma and Rhytidophyllum. GFF 117, 1, 31-41. DOI:10.1080/11035899509546194
Weyer, D. 1993. Lambelasma carinatum, eine neue Rugose Koralle aus dem Mittel-Ordoviz von Estland. Abhandlungen und Berichte für Naturkunde 16, 70-77.
Neuman, B. E. E. 1993. Taxonomic reliability of morphological structures in rugose corals. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 164, 119-125.
Johannessen, W. H. 1993. Species of the Silurian operculate coral genus Goniophyllum. GFF 115, 2, 119-143. DOI:10.1080/11035899309452743
Serezhnikova, E. A. 1992. New Heliolitoidea from the lower Silurian of Central Kazakhstan. Paleontologicheski Zhurnal 1, 19-26.
Bondarenko, O. B. 1992. The system of heliolitoids.
Young, G. A. & Scrutton, C. T. 1991. Growth form in Silurian heliolitid corals: the influence of genetics and environment. Paleobiology 17, 4, 369-387. DOI:10.1017/S009483730001071X
Neuman, B. & Kershaw, S. 1991. The Silurian of Gotland, Sweden. VII International Symposium on Fossil Cnidaria, Münster, Germany. Excursion A1, pp. 111.
Jell, J. S. & Sutherland, P. K. 1990. The Silurian rugose coral genus Entelophyllum and related genera in northern Europe. Palaeontology 33, 4, 769-821.
Scrutton, C. T. 1988. Amural arachnophyllid corals from the Silurian of the North Atlantic area. Palaeontology 32, 1, 1-53.
Neuman, B. E. E. 1988. Some aspects of life strategies of Early Palaeozoic rugose corals. Lethaia 21, 2, 97-114. DOI:10.1111/j.1502-3931.1988.tb02061.x
Bondarenko, O. B. & Gataulina, G. M. 1986. Revision of heliolitids of Eichwald collection. Voprosy paleontologii , 9, 5-17.
Klaamann, E. R. 1986. The tabulate communities and biozones of the East Baltic Silurian.. Theory and practice of ecostratigraphy. Eds: Kaljo, D. L. & Klaamann, E. R. , pp. 80-98.
Tchudinova, I. I. 1986. The composition, system and phylogeny of fossil corals. Order Syringoporida. Transactions of the Paleontological Institute (PIN) , 216, 1-204.
Kato, M. & Ezaki, Y. 1986. Rugose corals from the Upper Silurian of Scania, Sweden. Jour. Fac. Sci., Hokkaido Univ. 21, 4, 483-504.
Neuman, B. E. E. 1986. Rugose corals from the Upper Ordovician erratic boulders of Öland. GFF 108, 4, 349-365. DOI:10.1080/11035898609454725
Weyer, D. 1985. Dybowskinia rakverensis, a new lambelasmatid coral (Rugosa) from the Middle Ordovician of Estonia. Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the Estonian SSR. Geology 34, 4, 130-132.
Weyer, D. 1984. Lambelasma narvaense, a new rugose coral from the Middle Ordovician of Estonia. Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the Estonian SSR. Geology 33, 3/4, 92-95.
Sokolov, B. S. & Tesakov, J. I. 1984. Populational, biocenotic and biostratigraphic analysis tabulates. Model of Podolia.
Klaamann, E. 1984. Heliolitidis in the East Baltic Late Silurian coral communities. Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the Estonian SSR. Geology 33, 2, 63-69.
Klaamann, E. 1983. The Tabulate corals of Jaani and Jaagarahu Stages (Wenlockian, Estonia) and their Biozones. Lower Paleozoic paleontology of Baltics and Podolia. Ed: Klaamann, E., pp. 3-40.
Bondarenko, O. B. 1983. Heliolitoidea from the Ordovician of South-East of Latvia. . Bulletin de la Société Imperiale des Naturalistes de Moscou 58, 6, 136-146.
Neuman, B. E. E. 1983. Origin and early evolution of rugose corals . Palaeontographica Americana 54, 119-126. Fourth International Symposium on Fossil Cnidaria. Washington D.C., August 1983, pp. 119-126.
Weyer, D. 1983. Lambelasma-Arten (Anthozoa, Rugosa) aus dem baltoskandischen Mittelordoviz. Freiberger Forschungsheft C384, 7-19.
Bondarenko, O. B. 1982. Heliolitoidea from the Upper Ordovician drillcores of Belarus. Moscow University Geology Bulletin , 4, 35-42.
Klaamann, E. 1982. Tabulate communities (Late Wenlock and Ludlow, Gotland). Кальо Д. & Клааманн Э. (рeд.) Сообщества и биозоны в силуре Прибалтики., pp. 35-50.
Bengtson, S. 1981. Atractosella, a Silurian alcyonacean octocoral. Journal of Paleontology 55, 2, 281-294.
Brood, K. 1981. Hirnantian (Upper Ordovician) Bryozoa from Baltoscandia. Recent and fossil bryozoa. Larwood & Nielsen (Eds.), pp. 19-27.
Nestor, H. 1981. The relationships between stromatoporoida and heliolitids. Lethaia 14, 1, 21-25. DOI:10.1111/j.1502-3931.1981.tb01069.x
Bondarenko, O. B. & Minzhin, Ch. 1981. Variability and morphogenesis of the Ordovician tabulate coral Propora speciosa . Paleontologicheski Zhurnal , 1, 10-20.
Hill, D. 1981. Rugosa and Tabulata. Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology. Part F. Coelenterata. Supplement 1., pp. F1-F378.
Brood, K. 1981. Vattenfall project-international cooperation in paleontology. Fauna och flora 76, 119-128.
Stel, J. H. & Oekentorp, K. 1980. Desmidopora and Nodulipora: misfits in the coral world. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 25, 3-4, 403-417.
Klaamann, E. 1979. The morphology and geological age of Halysites catenularius (Linnaeus). Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the Estonian SSR. Geology 28, 4, 140-144.
Klaamann, E. 1979. Tabulate and heliolitid corals. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning , 762, 81-85. Lower Wenlock faunal and floral dynamics - Vattenfallet section, Gotland. Eds: Jaanusson V., Laufeld S. & Skoglund R., pp. 81-85.
Brood, K. 1978. Skeletal structures of Silurian auloporid corals. GFF 100, 1, 53-63. DOI:10.1080/11035897809448560
Weyer, D. 1978. Die aelteste Rugose Koralle Europas (Primitophyllum Kaljo 1956, Mittelordoviz). Wissenschaftliche Beiträge der Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg 30, 51-77.
Stel, J. H. 1978. Environment and quantitative morphology of some Silurian tabulates from Gotland. Scripta Geologica 47, 1-75.
Stel, J.H. & de Coo, J.C.M. 1977. The Silurian Upper Burgsvik and Lower Hamra-Sundre Beds, Gotland. Scripta Geologica 44, 1-43.
Neuman, B. 1975. New lower Palaeozoic streptelasmatid corals from Scandinavia. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 55, 4, 335-359.
Klaamann, E 1975. Zur Taxonomie einiger mittelordovizischer Tabulatenarten Norwegens, Schwedens und Estlands. Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the Estonian SSR. Chemistry and Geology 24, 3, 219-226.
Preobrazhensky, B. & Klaamann, E. 1975. Relations between the genera Sarcinula, Calapoecia and Lyopora (Tabulata). Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the Estonian SSR. Chemistry and Geology 24, 2, 130-136.
Brood, K. 1974. Bryozoa from the Ludlovian of Bjärsjölagard in Skane. GFF 96, 4, 381-388. DOI:10.1080/11035897409454291
Stasinska, A. 1974. Silurian tabulata from north-east Poland. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 19, 4, 501-517.
Weyer, D. 1973. Über den Ursprung der Calostylidae Zittel 1879 (Anthozoa Rugosa, Ordoviz-Silur). Freiberger Forschungsheft C282, 23-87.
Fedorowski, J., Gorianov, V. B. 1973. Redescription of teracorals described by E. Eichwald in "Palaeontology of Russia". Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 18, 1, 3-70.
Klaamann, E. 1971. Über einige Korallen aus der Bohrung von File Haidar (Gotland, Schweden). Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the Estonian SSR. Geology 20, 1, 73-77.
Klaamann, E. R. 1971. Tabulate corals of upper coral limestone in Norway. Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the Estonian SSR. Chemistry and Geology 20, 4, 356-363.
Bondarenko, O. B. 1971. The Volume of the New Family Stelliporellidae (Heliolitida). Paleozoic Tabulata and Heliolitoidea of the USSR, pp. 179-178.
Stasinska, A. 1970. Some Upper Silurian tabulata from Lezyce-Belcz section (Holy Cross Mts.). Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 15, 4, 507-514.
Klaamann, E. R. 1970. Variability and taxonomic position of Angopora hisingeri (Jones). Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the Estonian SSR. Chemistry and Geology 19, 1, 62-68.
Kaljo, D. (ed) 1970. The Silurian of Estonia.
Neuman, B. 1969. Upper Ordovician Streptelasmatid Corals from Scandinavia. Bulletin of Geological Institutions of the University of Uppsala 1, 1, 1-73.
Neuman, B. 1968. Two new species of Upper Ordovician rugose corals from Sweden. GFF 90, 2, 229-240. DOI:10.1080/11035896809451886
Sytova, V. A. 1968. Tetracorals of Skala and Borchov Stages from Podolia. Silurian-Devonian faunas from Podolia, pp. 51-64.
Stasinska, A. 1967. Tabulata from Norway, Sweden and from the erratic boulders of Poland. Palaeontologia Polonica 18, , 1-112.
Neuman, B. 1967. The coral genus Coelostylis. GFF 88, 4, 453-461. DOI:10.1080/11035896709455502
Klaamann, E. R. 1966. The incommunicate tabulata of Estonia. Trudy Instituta geologii AN ESSR , 1-97.
Klaamann, E. R. 1966. On the systematic position of Favosites coreaniformis Sokolov. Proc. of the Academy of Sciences of the Estonian SSR. Ser. Biol. 15, 3, 452-458.
Kaljo, D. & Klaamann, E. 1965. The fauna of the Portrane limestone, III. Corals. Bulletin of the Britich Museum (Natural History) Geology 10, 11, 415-434.
Klaamann, E. R. 1964. Late Ordovician and Early Silurian Favositida of Estonia. Trudy Instituta geologii AN ESSR , 1-119.
Spjeldnaes, N. 1964. Two compound corals from the Tretaspis beds of the Oslo-Asker District. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 44, 1, 1-10.
Nestor, H. E. 1964. Ordovician and Llandoverian Stromatoporoidea of Estonia. Trudy Instituta geologii AN ESSR , 1-112.
Kaljo, D., Klaamann, E. & Nestor, H. 1963. Features in common in the Ashgillian coral and stromatoporoid fauna of Estonia and Norway. Trudy Instituta geologii AN ESSR 13, 75-81. ENSV Teaduste Akadeemia Geoloogia Instituudi Uurimused XIII, pp. 75-81.
Strelnikov, S. I. 1963. On the microstructure of the septal apparatus in some Silurian tetracorals. Paleontologicheski Zhurnal , 3, 10-17.
Ivanovskiy, A. B. 1963. Rugose Corals from Ordovician and Silurian of Siberian Platform.
Klaamann, E. R. 1962. Upper Silurian Tabulata of Estonia. Trudy Instituta geologii AN ESSR 9, 25-70. ENSV Teaduste Akadeemia Geoloogia Instituudi Uurimused X, pp. 25-70.
Klaamann, E. R. 1962. Distribution of tabulata in the Ordovician and Silurian of Estonia (with a description of some new species). Trudy Instituta geologii AN ESSR 10, 149-169. ENSV Teaduste Akadeemia Geoloogia Instituudi Uurimused X, pp. 149-169.
Klaamann, E. R. 1961. The Wenlockian tabulata and heliolitida of Estonia. Trudy Instituta geologii AN ESSR 6, 69-112. ENSV Teaduste Akadeemia Geoloogia Instituudi Uurimused VI, pp. 69-112.
Kaljo, D. L. 1961. Some additional data on the study of Ordovician streptelasmids in Estonia. Trudy Instituta geologii AN ESSR 6, 51-67. ENSV Teaduste Akadeemia Geoloogia Instituudi Uurimused VI, pp. 51-67.
Klaamann, E. R. 1961. The oldest favositids of Estonia. Proc. of the Academy of Sciences of the Estonian SSR. Ser. Tech. and Phys.-Mat. Sciences 10, 2, 121-129.
Kaljo, D. L. 1960. On some problems of the development of Ordovician tetracorals. Trudy Instituta geologii AN ESSR 5, 245-258. Eesti NSV Teaduste Akadeemia Geoloogia Instituudi Uurimused V, pp. 245-258.
Klaamann, E. R. 1959. On the tabulate fauna of the Juuru and Tamsalu stages. Proc. of the Academy of Sciences of the Estonian SSR. Ser. Tech. and Phys.-Mat. Sciences 8, 4, 256-270.
Männil, R. M. 1959. Stratigraphy of Ordovician Bryozoa from Estonia. Kandidaadi dissertatsioon, 3 köidet (I, II, III), pp. 1-852.
Kaljo, D. L. 1958. On the taxonomy of the genus Streptelasma Hall and a description of some new rugose corals. Trudy Instituta geologii AN ESSR 2, 19-26. Eesti NSV Teaduste Akadeemia Geoloogia Instituudi Uurimused II, pp. 19-26.
Reiman, V. M. 1958. New rugose corals from upper Ordovician and Llandoverian deposits of Baltic. Neue Tetrakorallen des balischen Oberordoviziums und des Llandovery. Trudy Instituta geologii AN ESSR 2, 33-47. Eesti NSV Teaduste Akadeemia Geoloogia Instituudi Uurimused II, pp. 33-47.
Kaljo, D. L. 1958. Some new and little-known Baltic Tetracorals. Trudy Instituta geologii AN ESSR 3, 101-123. Eesti NSV Teaduste Akadeemia Geoloogia Instituudi Uurimused II, pp. 101-123.
Kaljo, D. L. & Reiman, V. M. 1958. Two new species of Calostylis from the Llandovery of Estonia. Trudy Instituta geologii AN ESSR 2, 27-31. Eesti NSV Teaduste Akadeemia Geoloogia Instituudi Uurimused II, pp. 27-31.
Kaljo, D. L. 1957. The Baltic Ordovician and Llandoverian Codonophyllacea. Loodusuurijate Seltsi Aastaraamat 50, 153-168.
Reiman, V. M. 1956. Family Cyphophyllidae Wedekind, 1927.. Materials on paleontology. New families and genera., pp. 37-39.
Kaljo, D. L. 1956. On the streptelasmide rugose corals of the Ordovician of East Baltic. Trudy Instituta geologii AN ESSR 1, , 68-73.
Kaljo, D. L. 1956. Genera Primitophyllum gen. nov. and Leolasma gen. nov.. Материалы по палеонтологии. Новые семейства и роды. Труды ВСЕГЕИ, нов. cер., вып. 12, pp. 35-37.
Bölau, E. 1944. Das Devon im Südosten Estlands. Acta et Comentationes Universitatis Tartuensis 39, 1, 1-99.
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Bekker, H. 1925. Lühike ülevaade Eesti geoloogiast. (Eozoiline ja paleozoiline ladekond). Eesti. Maa, rahvas, kultuur, pp. 31-61.
Dybowski, W. N. 1874. Monographie der Zoantharia sclerodermata rugosa aus der Silurformation Estlands, Nord-Livlands und der Insel Gotland (Fortsetzung). Archiv für die Naturkunde Liv-, Ehst- und Kurlands 5, 4, 417-531.
Dybowski, W. 1873. Monographie der Zoantharia sclerodermata rugosa aus der Silurformation Estlands, Nord-Livlands und der Insel Gotland, nebst einer Synopsis aller palaezoischen Gattungen dieser Abtheilung und einer Synonymik der dazu gehörigen, bereits bekannten Arten. Archiv für die Naturkunde Liv-, Ehst- und Kurlands 5, 3, 257-414.