Echinodermata

Crinoidea Miller, 1821

crinoids

Taxon ID: 341 / 2018-09-11
Fossil group: Echinodermata
Belongs to:
et: meriliiliad; 
Stratigraphic range: Alam-Ordoviitsium Tänapäev (within ca. 488.3–0.0 million years)
Baltoscandian species (in database):
See also: Tree of Life page    Encyclopedia of Life page    Estonian eBiodiversity    Paleobiology Database   
Selection of related publications
Cole, S. R. & Toom, U. 2018. New camerate crinoid genera from the Upper Ordovician (Katian) of Estonia: evolutionary origin of family Opsiocrinidae and a phylogenetic assessment of Ordovician Monobathrida. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology , DOI:10.1080/14772019.2018.1447519
Wright, D. F. & Toom, U. 2017. New crinoids from the Baltic region (Estonia): fossil tip-dating phylogenetics constrains the origin and Ordovician–Silurian diversification of the Flexibilia (Echinodermata). Palaeontology 60, 6, 893-910. DOI:10.1111/pala.12324
Ausich, W. I. & Wilson, M. A. 2016. Llandovery (early Silurian) crinoids from Hiiumaa Island, western Estonia. Journal of Paleontology , 1, 1-10. DOI:10.1017/jpa.2016.120
Rozhnov, S. V. 2016. Aboral Nervous System in Two Ordovician Crinoids: Reconstruction and Comparison of Baltic Pentamerocrinus Jaekel and Grammocrinus Eichwald. Paleontological Journal , 2, 58-67. DOI:10.1134/S0031030116020064
Ausich, W. I., Rozhnov, S. V. & Kammer, T. W. 2015. Iocrinid Crinoids from the Ordovician of the Baltic Region, Estonia. Paleontological Journal 49, 2, 145-152. DOI:10.1134/S0031030115020069
Ausich, W. I., Wilson, M. A. & Vinn, O. 2015. Wenlock and Pridoli (Silurian) crinoids from Saaremaa, western Estonia (Phylum Echinodermata). Journal of Paleontology 89, 1, 72-81. DOI:10.1017/jpa.2014.6
Ausich, W. I., Wilson, M. A. & Vinn, O. 2012. Crinoids from the Silurian of Western Estonia. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 57, 3, 613-631. DOI:10.4202/app.2010.0094
Rozhnov, S. V. 2007. New data on perittocrinids and hybocrinids (Crinoidea, Echinodermata) from the Middle Ordovician of the Baltic region . Annales de Paléontologie 93, 4, 261-276. DOI:10.1016/j.annpal.2007.09.004
Stukalina, G. A. 2000. Silurian crinoids of Siberian Platform. Transactions of the Paleontological Institute (PIN) 278, 1-108.
Arendt, Yu. A. & Rozhnov, S. V. 1995. On the hemistreptocrinoids (Echinodermata). Paleontologicheski Zhurnal 1, 119-122.
Rozhnov, S. 1990. Morphology and systematic position of Middle Ordovician Virucrinus Rozhnov gen. nov. (Crinoidea, Inadunata, Disparida) from North Estonia. Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences. Geology 39, 2, 68-75.
Rozhnov, S. V., Männil, R. M. & Nestor, H. E. 1989. Pisocrinid crinoids from the Lower Silurian of the East Baltic. Fossil and Recent Echinoderm researches. Kaljo, D. L. (Eds.), pp. 73-80.
Rozhnov, S. V. 1988. Morphology and systematic position of the Lower Ordovician crinoids. Paleontologicheski Zhurnal , 2, 67-79.
Stukalina, G. A. 1988. Studies in Paleozoic crinoid-columnals and -stems. Palaeontographica 204, 1-66.
Donovan, S. K. & Franzén-Bengtson, C. 1988. Myelodactylid crinoid columnals from the Lower Visby Beds (Llandoverian) of Gotland. GFF 110, 1, 69-79. DOI:10.1080/11035898809453122
Rozhnov, S. V., Männil, R. M. & Nestor, H. E. 1987. Pisocrinids from the Silurian of Baltics. Problems of phylogenese and taxonomy of echinoderms, pp. 79-80.
Stukalina, G. A. 1986. Laws of historical development of crinoidea in the early and middle Paleozoic of the USSR.
Donovan, S. K. 1986. A new genus of Inadunate crinoid with unique stem morphology from the Ashgill of Sweden. Palaeontology 29, 2, 235-242.
Donovan, S. K. 1984. Ristnacrinus and the earliest myelodactylid from the Ashgillian Boda Limestone of Sweden. GFF 109, 4, 347-356. DOI:10.1080/11035898509454663
Hynda, V. A. 1984. Columns of the new Ordovician crinoids of the south-western margin of the East-European platform. Paleontologicheskii sbornik, 21, pp. 58-63.
Franzén-Bengtson, C. 1983. Radial perforations in crinoid stems from the Silurian of Gotland. Lethaia 16, 4, 291-302. DOI:10.1111/j.1502-3931.1983.tb02012.x
Franzén, C. 1983. Ecology and taxonomy of Silurian crinoids from Gotland. Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis 665, 1-31.
Franzén, C. 1982. A Silurian crinoid thanatotope from Gotland. GFF 103, 4, 469-490. DOI:10.1080/11035898209453725
Rozhnov, S. V. 1981. Crinoids of superfamily Pisocrinacea.
Franzén, C. 1979. Echinoderms. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning 73, 3, 216-224. Lower Wenlock faunal and floral dynamics - Vattenfallet section, Gotland. Eds: Jaanusson, V. et al., pp. 216-224.
Yeltyscheva, R. S. 1979. Stems of Paleozoic sea lilies of the Baltic area (Upper Ordovician). Collection papers "Problems Paleontology", pp. 94-100.
Stukalina, G. & Hints, L. 1979. New finds of Echinoderms in the Upper Viruan deposits of North Estonia. Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the Estonian SSR. Geology 28, 1, 1-10.
Stukalina, G. A. 1979. A new family of Ordovician crinoids. Paleontologicheski Zhurnal 4, 89-95.
Moore, R. C., Lane, N. G., Strimple, H. L., Sprinkle, J. & Fay, 1978. Inadunata. Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology. Part T. Echinodermata 2, pp. T520--T759.
Franzén, C. 1977. Crinoid holdfasts from the Silurian of Gotland. Lethaia 10, 3, 219-234. DOI:10.1111/j.1502-3931.1977.tb00617.x
Arendt, Yu. A. 1976. Ordovician echinodermata: Hemistreptocrinida. Bulletin of Moscow Society of Naturalists. Geology 51, 2, 63-84.
Yeltyscheva, R. S. 1975. Crinoids of Ordovician/Silurian boundary beds in Podolia. Voprosy paleontologii VII, 124-144. Voprosy paleontologi, VII, pp. 124-144.
Regnéll, G. 1973. Tidiga tagghudingar. Fauna och flora 4, 161-165.
Yeltyscheva, R. S. & Sizova, Y. N. 1971. Onto-genetic modifications of the stems of some Paleozoic crinoids (columnals - stems of sea lilies). Voprosy paleontologii VI, 33-40. Voprosy paleontologi, VI, pp. 33-40.
Rõõmusoks, A. 1970. Stratigraphy of the Viruan Series (Middle Ordovician) in Northern Estonia, I.
Yeltyscheva, R. S. 1966. Stems of Ordovician sea lilies from Baltics. Voprosy paleontologii V, 53-70. Voprosy paleontologi, V, pp. 53-70.
Hecker, R. F. 1964. Phylum Echinodermata. Bases of paleontology, pp. 23-108.
Yeltyscheva, R. S. 1964. Stems of Ordovician sea lilies of the Baltic area (Lower Ordovician). Voprosy paleontologii IV, 59-82. Voprosy paleontologi, IV, pp. 59-82.
Männil, R. M. 1959. New Representatives of Hoplocrinus from the Middle Ordovician of Estonia. Tartu Riikliku Ülikooli Toimetised 75, I, 82-97. Töid Eesti NSV geoloogia alalt, I, pp. 82-97.
Ubaghs, G. 1958. Recherches sur les Crinoïdes Camerata du Silurien de Gotland (Suède). Arkiv För Zoologi 11, 16, 259-306.
Männil, Ralf 1958. Zur Stratigraphie der oberordovizischen Nabala-Stufe (FIa) in Estland. Trudy Instituta geologii AN ESSR 2, 3-17. Eesti NSV Teaduste Akadeemia Geoloogia Instituudi Uurimused II, pp. 3-17.
Yeltyscheva, R. S. 1957. A new family of Paleozoic crinoids. Yearbook of All-Union Paleontological Society XVI, 218-234.
Ubaghs, G. 1956. Recherches sur les Crinoïdes Camerata du Silurien de Gotland (Suède). Arkiv För Zoologi 2, 27, 551-572.
Ubaghs, G. 1956. Recherches sur les Crinoïdes Camerata du Silurien de Gotland (Suède). Arkiv För Zoologi 9, 26, 515-550.
Yakovlev, N. N. 1956. A revision of the characteristics of the genus Ristnacrinus Öpik. Yearbook of All-Union Paleontological Society XV, 155-157.
Regnéll, G. 1948. Swedish Hybocrinida (Crinoidea Inadunata Disparata; Ordovician-Lower Silurian). Arkiv För Zoologi 40 A, 9, 1-27.
Regnéll, G. 1948. An Outline of the Succession and Migration of Non-Crinoid Pelmatozoan Faunas in the Lower Paleozoic of Scandinavia. Arkiv för kemi, mineralogi och geologi 26 A, 13, 1-55.
Öpik, A. 1935. Hoplocrinus - eine stiellose Seelilie aus dem Ordovizium Estlands. Tartu Ülikooli Geoloogia Instituudi Toimetused 43, 1-15. Tartu Ülikooli Geoloogia Instituudi Toimetused Nr 43, pp. 1-15.
Öpik, A. 1935. Amphipora ramosa (Phill.) in the Marine Devonian of Estonia. Tartu Ülikooli Geoloogia Instituudi Toimetused , 41, 1-7.
Öpik, A. 1934. Ristnacrinus, a New ordovician Crinoid from Estonia. Tartu Ülikooli Geoloogia Instituudi Toimetused , 40, 1-7.
Teichert, C. 1928. Stratigraphische und paläontologische Untersuchungen im unteren Gotlandium (Tamsal-Stufe) des westlichen Estland und der Insel Dagö.. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie. Monatshefte: Abt. B. Geologie, Paläontologie 60, 1-112.
Öpik, A. 1925. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Kukruse-(C2-)Stufe in Eesti. I. Tartu Ülikooli Geoloogia Instituudi Toimetused , 1-18.
Jaekel, O. 1918. Phylogenie und System der Pelmatozoen. Paläontologische Zeitschrift 3, 1, 1-128. DOI:10.1007/BF03190413
Jaekel, O. 1902. Ueber verschiedene Wege phylogenetischer Entwicklung. Verhandlungen des V. Internationalen Zoologen-Congresses zu Berlin. 12-16 August 1901, pp. 1058-1117.
Jaekel, O. 1900. Über einen neuen Pentacrinodeen-Typus aus dem Obersilur. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft , 480-487.
Angelin, N. P. 1878. Iconographica crinoideorum in stratis Sueciae siluricis fossilium. 2. Cystidea (pp. 28-32).
Grewingk, C. 1867. Ueber Hoplocrinus dipentas und Baerocrinus Ungerni. Archiv für die Naturkunde Liv-, Ehst- und Kurlands I, 4, 100-114. Archiv für die Naturkunde Liv-, Ehst- und Kurlands. Erster Serie, Bd. IV, pp. 100-114.
Eichwald, E. 1866. Die Rhytiana borealis und der Homocrinus dipentas in der Lethea Rossica. Bulletin of Moscow Society of Naturalists. Geology 39, 1, 138-162.
Eichwald, E. 1861. Палеонтология России. Древний период. II. Фауна граувакковой, горноизвестковой и медистослaнцеватой формаций России .
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Hisinger, W. 1828. Anteckningar I Physik och Geognosie under resor uti Sverige och Norrige.